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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is 1.5-spaced; uses Times New Roman 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the APA stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

CERID Publication Guidelines

Prospective authors are kindly requested to follow the CERID Publication Guidelines while developing article manuscript for the journal Education and Development.

Theoretical article: for arguing/challenging/problematizing the existing theoretical perspective

Review article: for reviewing the existing body of literature in a specific issue/area of knowledge

Empirical article: for developing argument in the light of the empirical studies

Overall Format:
The prospective authors are encouraged to follow the format below. They are also welcome to bring flexibility in accordance with the nature of article they have written (theoretical article/review article/empirical article; quantitative/qualitative/mixed):

Title (not exceeding 20 words; should grasp the main argument of the article)
(not exceeding 150-250 words; should have clear wording for addressing the main research issue/problem/question/objective(s)/review area, methodology and major finding(s))
Key words
(not exceeding 5 key words that the manuscript revolves around)
(background information of the research/review issue)
(context in which the author situates the research/review)
Objectives/Research Questions/Statement of the Problem (develop a clear research question/problem exploring the gap in the literature in the research area)
Theoretical perspectives and existing literature
(existing body of literature that ensures a research gap, and theoretical/empirical support for rationalizing the relevance of the study)
(Methods and tools for data collection, sampling, (construction of field in case of qualitative research)
(Coding, categorizing, statistically analyzing in case of quantitative study; Coding, categorizing, patterning and thematising in case of qualitative study)
Findings and Discussion (Interpreting and discussing the major findings in the light of the theoretical perspectives that the author(s) situates their research argument with)
(Summarizing research addressing research argument, methods and major findings; suggesting some crucial issues/gaps for further exploration in that particular area)

Reference Guidelines:

  • For basic reference: Author’s surname, year: page(s) e.g., (Tomlinson, 2010:17); (Tomlinson, 2010) if page is not relevant; (Tomlinson, 2010: 16-17) for multiple pages; (Tomlinson & Detour, 2011) for two authors; (Tomlinson, 2010; 2011) for multiple publications of the same author; According to Tomlinson (2010) for intext reference.
  • Quotation that exceeds three lines should be block quote without quotation marks
  • References should be alphabetically organized and should include the items that are referred in the article

One author: ‘Surname, Name (Year). Title. Place: Publisher’

Two authors: ‘Surname, Name & Surname, Name (Year). Title. Place: Publisher.’

Three or more authors: ‘Surname, Name; Surname, Name & Surname, Name (Year). Title. Place: Publisher’

Edition: ‘Surname, Name (Year). Title (nth ed.). Place: Publisher’

Book edited by a person(s) other than author: ‘Surname, Name (Year). Title. Name, Surname (ed.) Place: Publisher’

Article in journal:
Single author: Surname, Name (Year). Title of the article. Title of the Journal, volume (issue): page(s).

Two authors: Surname, Name & Surname, Name (Year). Title of the Journal, Volume (issue): Page(s).

Unpublished dissertation: Surname, Name (Year). Title. Dissertation type: Institution.

Conference Presentation: Surname, Name (Year). Title. Paper presented at Conference Name, Place, Date

Web page: Surname, Name (Year). Title. URL. Date of retrieval

A few examples:
Bista, Dor Bahadur (1991). Fatalism and Development: Nepal’s Struggle for Modernization. India: Orient Longman Limited.

Bourdieu, Pierre & Passeron, Jean-Claude (1977). Reproduction in Education, Society and Culture. London: Sage Publication.

Skinner, Debra & Holland, Dorothy (1996). Schools as a heteroglossic site for the cultural production of educated person in and beyond a hill community in Nepal. In B. A. Levinson, D. E. Foley, & D. C. Holland, The cultural production of the educated person: Critical ethnographies of schooling and local practice. Buffalo, New York: State University of New York.

Norton, Bonny & Toohey, Kelleen (2001). Changing perspectives on good language learners. TESOL Quarterly, 35, 307-322. DOI:

Technical Guidelines:

  • The journal follows fully anonymous peer-reviewed procedure.
  • Review article should be of 4000-6000 words including bibliography.
  • Empirical article/theoretical article should have 5000-7000 words including bibliography.
  • Font: Times New Roman; Title: 13 boldface; subtitles: 12 (boldface); body: 12
  • Style of documentation: APA style should be adopted throughout the manuscript
  • Section headings: Section headings should be clear and as brief and catchy as possible. Please follow the format:
    • Section heading: 3. Edu-migration in migration landscape
    • Subsection heading: 3.1 Interface between education and migration
    • Subsection heading: 3.1.1 Migration parameters in developing society
  • Only the first letter of the heading should be capitalized (except proper nouns)
  • Space: 1.5” with no justification in the right; indentation for the paragraph except for the ones right below the headings and subheadings
  • Notes should be indicated as footnotes.
  • Tables, maps and figures should be clearly numbered, enumerated and captioned
  • Any sort of plagiarism is strongly discouraged.
  • Manuscript needs to be accompanied with a cover page including title, submission line, date, name of the author, contact

The editorial board deserves the right to not process the manuscript if it is outside the coverage of the journal; contains serious flaws of design, methodology, analysis, discussion and reference; plagiarized; lacks contribution in the field concerned; and/or already published elsewhere.

Peer Review Process

  • The papers (manuscripts) are collected after giving notice publicly.
  • The papers are screened to see the general format, whether the length is appropriate, the citations and referencing is proper or not, and how appropriate the writing seems to be, etc.
  • The papers that are screened out are coded – whereby the writer of manuscript is omitted, then the manuscript is identified only by code (but the title of the paper is kept as it is)
  • The papers are sent to the expert for peer review – where the reviewer is made anonymous to the author of manuscript, and even to the anybody else in the office (except for the Chief Editor authorized by the Publication Committee of CERID). Peer review form is provided to the reviewer and the reviewer gives judgement and feedback in the form (the form is as attached). Till now one expert has thoroughly reviewed the manuscript but we are planning to get the review done by double reviewers.
  • When the peer reviewer sends their judgement and feedback on the paper, the Editorial Board decides whether the paper is acceptable or not. If it is acceptable and publishable as it is (with no need for rewriting), it is sent to language editor for finalization. But if there are suggestions for improvement given by reviewer, the Chief Editor (or editor, as authorized by Publication Committee) sits with the author and presents the feedbacks/comments and remarks given by the reviewer. The manuscript is improvised in this way.
  • Finally, the language of all the papers processed through the steps mentioned above is edited thoroughly, thus the paper is ready for printing.

Privacy Statement

Nepal Journals Online (NepJOL) is a member of the Ubiquity Partner Network coordinated by Ubiquity Press. According to the EU definitions, NepJOL is the data controller, and Ubiquity Press are the service providers and data processors. Ubiquity Press provide the technical platform and some publishing services to NepJOL and operate under the principle of data minimisation where only the minimal amount of personal data that is required to carry out a task is obtained.

More information on the type of data that is required can be found in Ubiquity Press’ privacy policy below.

Ubiquity Press Privacy Policy

We take seriously our duty to process your personal data in a fair and transparent way. We collect and manage user data according to the following Privacy Policy. This document is part of our Terms of Service, and by using the press portal, affiliated journals, book, conference and repository websites (the “Websites”), you agree to the terms of this Privacy Policy and the Terms of Service. Please read the Terms of Service in their entirety, and refer to those for definitions and contacts.

What type of personal data do we handle?

There are four main categories of personal data stored by our journal platform, our press platform, and our book management system; Website User data, Author data, Reviewer data and Editor data.

The minimum personal data that are stored are:

  • full name
  • email address
  • affiliation (department, and institution)
  • country of residence

Optionally, the user can provide:

  • salutation
  • gender
  • associated URL
  • phone number
  • fax number
  • reviewing interests
  • mailing address
  • ORCiD
  • a short biography
  • interests
  • Twitter profile
  • LinkedIn profile
  • ImpactStory profile
  • profile picture

The data subjects have complete control of this data through their profile, and can request for it to be removed by contacting

What do we do to keep that data secure?

We regularly backup our databases, and we use reliable cloud service providers (Amazon, Google Cloud, Linode) to ensure they are kept securely. Backups are regularly rotated and the old data is permanently deleted. We have a clear internal data handling policy, restricting access to the data and backups to key employees only. In case of a data breach, we will report the breach to the affected users, and to the press/journal contacts within 72 hours.

How do we use the data?

Personal information is only used to deliver the services provided by the publisher. Personal data is not shared externally except for author names, affiliations, emails, and links to ORCiD and social media accounts (if provided) in published articles and books which are displayed as part of the article/book and shared externally to indexes and databases. If a journal operates under open peer review then the reviewer details are published alongside the reviewer details.

How we collect and use your data:

1. When using the website

1.1 what data we collect

  • When you browse our website, we collect anonymised data about your use of the website; for example, we collect information about which pages you view, which files you download, what browser you are using, and when you were using the site.
  • When you comment on an article or book using Disqus, we are not collecting, controlling or processing the data. More details on the DISQUS privacy policy can be found on their website.
  • When you annotate an article or book, this is done via a 3rd party plugin to the website called In using this plugin we are not collecting, controlling or processing the data. More details on the privacy policy can be found on their website.

1.2 why we collect the data

  • We use anonymised website usage data to monitor traffic, help fix bugs, and see overall patterns that inform future redesigns of the website, and provide reports on how frequently the publications on our site have been accessed from within their IP ranges.

1.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • We do not collect personal information that can be used to identify you when you browse the website.
  • We currently use Google Analytics for publication reports, and to improve the website and services through traffic analysis, but no personal identifying data is shared with Google (for example your computer’s IP is anonymised before transmission).

1.4 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • Please contact to request a copy of your data, or for your data to be removed/anonymised.

2. When registering as an author, and submitting an article or book

2.1 what data we collect

  • When registering an account we ask you to log in and provide certain personal information (such as your name and email address), and there is the option to register using an ORCiD which will pre-fill the registration form.
  • As part of submitting an article for publication, you will need to provide personally identifying information which will be used for the peer review process, and will be published. This can include ‘Affiliation’, ‘Competing interests’, ‘Acknowledgements’.

2.2 why we collect the data

  • Registering an account allows you to log in, manage your profile, and participate as an author/reviewer/editor. We use cookies and session information to streamline your use of the website (for example in order for you to remain logged-in when you return to a journal). You can block or delete cookies and still be able to use the websites, although if you do you will then need to enter your username and password to login. In order to take advantage of certain features of the websites, you may also choose to provide us with other personal information, such as your ORCiD, but your decision to utilize these features and provide such data will always be voluntary.
  • Personal data submitted with the article or book is collected to allow follow good publication ethics during the review process, and will form part of the official published record in order for the provenance of the work to be established, and for the work to be correctly attributed.

2.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • We do not share your personal information with third parties, other than as part of providing the publishing service.
  • As a registered author in the system you may be contacted by the journal editor to submit another article.
  • Any books published on the platform are freely available to download from the publisher website in PDF, EPUB and MOBI formats on the publisher’s site.
  • Any personal data accompanying an article or a book (that will have been added by the submitting author) is published alongside it. The published data includes the names, affiliations and email addresses of all authors.
  • Any articles published on the platform are freely available to download from the publisher website in various formats (e.g. PDF, XML).
  • Ubiquity Press books and articles are typeset by SiliconChips and Diacritech.This process involves them receiving the book and book associated metadata and contacting the authors to finalise the layout. Ubiquity Press work with these suppliers to ensure that personal data is only used for the purposes of typesetting and proofing.
  • For physical purchases of books on the platform Ubiquity Press use print on demand services via Lightning Source who are responsible for printing and distribution via retailers. (For example; Amazon, Book Repository, Waterstones). Lightning Source’s privacy policy and details on data handling can be found on their website.

2.4 why we store the data

  • We store the account data so that you may choose to become a reviewer and be able to perform those tasks, or to become an author and submit an article and then track progress of that article.
  • Published personal data that accompanies an article or a book forms part of the official published record in order for the provenance of the work to be established, and for the work to be correctly attributed.

2.5 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • You are able to view, change and remove your data associated with your profile. Should you choose to completely delete your account, please contact us at and we will follow up with your request as soon as possible.
  • To conform to publication ethics and best practice any personal data that is published alongside an article or book cannot be removed. If you have a query about a publication to which you are attributed please contact

3. When registering as a reviewer

3.1 what data we collect

  • To become a reviewer you must first register as a user on the website, and set your preference that you would like to be considered as a reviewer. No new personal data is collected when a registered user elects to become a reviewer.
  • When registering an account we ask you to log in and provide certain personal information (such as your name and email address), and there is the option to register using an ORCiD which will pre-fill the registration form.
  • Reviewers can also be registered by editors who invite them to review a specific article. This requires the editor to provide the reviewer’s First Name, Last Name, and Email address. Normally this will be done as part of the process of inviting you to review the article or book.
  • On submitting a review, the reviewer includes a competing interest statement, they may answer questions about the quality of the article, and they will submit their recommendation.

3.2 why we collect the data

  • The data entered is used to invite the reviewer to peer review the article or book, and to contact the reviewer during and the review process.
  • If you submit a review then the details of your review, including your recommendation, your responses to any review form, your free-form responses, your competing interests statement, and any cover letter are recorded.

3.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • This data is not shared publicly and is only accessible by the Editor and system administrators of that journal or press.
  • The data will only be used in connection with that journal or press.
  • Data that is retained post final decision is kept to conform to publication ethics and best practice, to provide evidence of peer review, and to resolve any disputes relating to the peer review of the article or book.
  • For journals or presses that publish the peer reviews, you will be asked to give consent to your review being published, and a subset of the data you have submitted will become part of the published record.

3.4 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • If you would no longer like to be registered as a reviewer you can edit your profile and tick the box ‘stop being a reviewer’. This will remove you from the reviewer database, however any existing reviews you may have carried out will remain.
  • If you have been contacted by an editor to peer review an article this means that you have been registered in the system. If you would not like to be contacted for peer review you can reply to the email requesting that your data be deleted.

4. When being registered as a co-author

4.1 what data we collect

  • Co-author data is entered by the submitting author. The submitting author will already have a user account. According to standard publishing practice, the submitting author is responsible for obtaining the consent of their co-authors to be included (including having their personal data included) in the article/book being submitted to the journal/press.
  • The requested personal data for co-authors are at the bare minimum; first name, last name, institution, country, email address. This can also include; ORCID ID, Title, Middle Name, Biographical Statement, Department, Twitter Handle, Linkedin Profile Name or ImpactStory ID.

4.2 why we collect the data

  • Assuming that it is accepted for publication, this data forms part of the official published record in order for the provenance of the work to be established, and for the work to be correctly attributed.
  • Author names, affiliations and emails are required for publication and will become part of the permanent cited record.

4.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • The co-author’s personal data is stored in the author database. This personal data is only used in relation to the publication of the associated article.
  • Any co-author data collected is added to the author database and is only used in association with the article the user is co-author on.

4.5 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • To receive a copy of your data, please contact
  • To conform to publication ethics and best practice any personal data that is published alongside an article or book cannot be removed. If you have a query about a publication to which you are attributed please contact

5. When signing-up to receive newsletters

5.1 what data we collect

  • We require you to include your name and email address

5.2 why we collect and store the data, and for how long

  • This data would be collected to keep you updated with any news about the platform or specific journal

5.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • We use mailchimp to provide our mailing list services. Their privacy policy can be found here

5.4 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data or want your data to be removed

  • All emails sent via our newsletter client will include a link that will allow you to unsubscribe from the mailing list

Notification about change of ownership or of control of data

We may choose to buy or sell assets. In the case that control of data changes to or from Ubiquity Press and a third party, or in the case of change of ownership of Ubiquity Press or of part of the business where the control of personal data is transferred, we will do our best to inform all affected users and present the options.

(Updated: 18 May 2018)