Cytogenetics and Development of Mutation Inducing Wheat-Thinopyrum elongatum Disomic Addition Lines Possessing a Gametocidal Chromosome 2C

Authors

  • Raju Maharjan Central Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Sushma Devkota Central Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Deepak Raj Pant Central Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Giri Prasad Joshi Central Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jist.v28i2.60663

Keywords:

Addition lines, cytological map, gametocidal chromosome, mutation breeding, wheat

Abstract

Development of wheat-alien addition lines including gametocidal (Gc) chromosome in monosomic condition (a line with 2n = 45 chromosomes) is an established tool to induce chromosomal aberration. Gc induced chromosomal aberrations of alien chromosomes maintained in different wheat lines are valuable materials to construct cytological maps. In this study, the development of hybrid wheat addition lines containing 45 chromosomes has been attempted by crossing seven different types of Wheat-Thinopyrum elongatum-2C double monosomic addition lines (DMALs) and seven types of Wheat-Th. elongatum disomic addition lines (DALs), each with 2n=44 chromosomes. The cytological screening of the progenies showed three different types of plants (i.e. with 43, 44, and 45 chromosomes) among the hybrid wheat addition lines. The progeny plants containing 43, 44, and 45 chromosomes were segregated in a ratio of 2:1:1, respectively. These different lines differed from one another in various morphological and agronomic traits. Altogether 12 progeny seeds with 45 chromosomes were obtained. After sowing only 5 plants survived and developed seeds. These lines can be used as potential mutation-inducing plants.  

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
66
PDF
95

Downloads

Published

2023-12-04

How to Cite

Maharjan, R., Devkota, S., Pant, D. R., & Joshi, G. P. (2023). Cytogenetics and Development of Mutation Inducing Wheat-Thinopyrum elongatum Disomic Addition Lines Possessing a Gametocidal Chromosome 2C. Journal of Institute of Science and Technology, 28(2), 19–26. https://doi.org/10.3126/jist.v28i2.60663

Issue

Section

Research Articles