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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, LaTeX2e, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • Use the table function to prepare the tables, not spreadsheets.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  • Authors must have obtained permission to use the materials from other works.
  • The ethical approval certificates to carry out the research work must be submitted to the journal along with the manuscript, if applicable.
  • A cover letter must be submitted declaring the originality, no parallel submission elsewhere, and ethical statements.

Author Guidelines


Journal of Institute of Science and Technology (JIST) is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary science journal published by the Institute of Science and Technology (IOST), Tribhuvan University (TU), Kathmandu, Nepal. JIST publishes articles on diverse areas of Science and Technology, including botany, chemistry, computer, environment, geology, hydrology/meteorology, mathematics, microbiology, physics, statistics, zoology and allied fields. It is dedicated to provide the most updated, original, well-designed, scientifically discussed, and well-interpreted research information in the field of science and technology.

JIST is an open-access journal indexed in NepJOL and ranked TWO STARS by INASP Journal Publishing Practices and Standards (JPPS). JIST will move to the online submission and tracking system promoting the continuous publication of the articles.

Author(s) should declare that the submitted work has not been published and is not being considered for publication elsewhere.

The JIST publishes the following sections:

  1. Research Articles
  2. Review Articles
  3. Short Communications
  4. Letter to the Editor
  5. Notes

Authors are kindly requested to check the final paper thoroughly before submitting – that you have considered all requirements stated in the instructions.

Specific points to note:

  • The manuscript should be in grammatically correct English language (preferably British). Text title (12 pt. Uppercase) and subtitles (10 pt. Sentence case) and text 10 pt., table and figure captions 9.5 pt. (Bold) in Times New Roman. Do not give numbers for title and subtitle.
  • The length of the paper, including tables and figures, should preferably not exceed 5-10 typed pages for the original article and 3-4 pages for short communications.
  • The manuscript in a word file with table(s) and figure(s) inserted in the main text in the appropriate position but high-quality JPEG or TIFF files should be sent separately.
  • The text should be double spaced with a margin of at least 3 cm in A4.
  • Paragraphs should be separated by a blank space.
  • Enter the page number on every page.
  • Language should be precise, clear without redundant words.
  • Binomial names of organisms should be spelled full at the first use.

Instructions for preparing manuscripts


A full-length paper should normally be divided into the following parts: TITLE, Authors’ names with affiliations and corresponding address with email. ABSTRACT, Keywords (3-5 words), INTRODUCTION, MATERIALS AND METHODS (or MODELS AND DATA), RESULTS, DISCUSSION (or RESULTS AND DISCUSSION or APPLICATIONS), CONCLUSIONS, ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS, REFERENCES, and ANNEXURES if any.

Title: Titles should indicate the content of the manuscript, serve as a guide to reference librarians, and facilitate communication. It should be concise, meaningful, and clear. Subtitles may be used whenever needed.

Author(s): The full name of the author(s) should be written center aligned, below the title. The authors’ list should include only those who have made a substantial contribution to the design and execution of the work and the writing of the manuscript. Provide the full postal address, including the country name and email address of each author. Authors should identify the name and address of the author to whom correspondence should be sent.

ABSTRACT: Abstract should be understandable by itself and briefly explain the main messages of the paper. It must contain an experimental question, method, major findings and conclusions not exceeding 250 words. The abstract must be followed by 3-5 keywords in alphabetical order.

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of your research should appear in the introduction. State the questions you sought to answer and provide pertinent and adequate background information of previous findings for those questions.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Provide sufficient information clearly to allow someone to repeat your work. A clear description of your experimental design, sampling procedures, and statistical procedures should be described. Give the model number for equipment used (if any). The methods already published should be indicated by a reference, and only relevant modifications should be described.

RESULTS: Results should be clear and stated concisely. Present the results logically in text, tables and figures but do not interpret your findings.

DISCUSSION: Differentiate the results of your study from data obtained from other secondary sources. Interpret your results, relate them to the results of previous research, and discuss the implications of your results.

[NOTE: Results and discussion sections can be combined if you think necessary]

CONCLUSION: State clearly the main conclusions of the research and give a clear explanation of the importance and relevance. This section should be based on your findings and standalone.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: Acknowledge only those who have made an important contribution to the study. Many contributions justify acknowledgements, such as technical help, financial support, sources of materials, and persons who have contributed intellectually to the development of the manuscript. Do not acknowledge anyone who has no contribution.

AUTHORS CONTRIBUTION STATEMENT: The authors should mention the contributions to the work by each author. For instance, the section should cover but not be limited to: conceptualization, project administration, fieldwork, laboratory works, resources, supervision, writing original drafts, review and editing, etc.

CONFLICT OF INTEREST: The authors should declare if there is any conflict of interest. If there is no conflict of interest, that should also be clearly stated as 'the authors do not have any conflict of interest pertinent to this work'.

ETHICAL STATEMENT: The authors should state that it is their original work and has not been previously published or submitted for publication elsewhere. In addition, if human subjects and/or animals are part of the research work, the authors must provide ethical approval from the Institutional Review Board (or similar entity) to show that they obtained consent to carry out the research.

DATA AVAILABILITY STATEMENT: The data availability statement should be clarified by mentioning the responsible author who has owned the raw data. For instance, one can state: 'The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author, upon reasonable request'.

ARTICLE CLASSIFICATION: The articles will be published under the subject classifications. For example,  mathematical classifications will follow the classification as: "Primary: 90B10, 90C27, 68Q25; Secondary: 90B06, 90B20."  Other classifications will be followed based on the international standards.

REFERENCES: List all cited references alphabetically following the format explained below in a separate section.

Tables, figures, Pictures, Equations

The tables and figures should be marked with self-explanatory notes and figure legends. Figure and table captions should be given below and above, respectively. Figures and illustrations should be in JPEG/TIFF (at least 300 dpi resolution) format. Each figure and table should be linked with the text. Figure and Table number should be in sequence, using Arabic numerals – i.e., Fig. 1. 2., 3., etc., Table 1., 2., 3., etc. Equations should be written in Equation Editor/Math Type. They should be numbered. All the new symbols must be clearly explained.

Metric units: for all kinds of measurements would be preferred.

Biological taxonomic treatments: Scientific names and taxonomic treatments by the concerned author should follow the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (CN), International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN), International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria (ICNB), International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plans (ICNCP) and International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV).


Before submitting the manuscript, please check each citation in the text against the References and vice-versa to match exactly. Citations in the text should be formatted as follows (APA, 6th edition referring style):
Single author: The author's last name and the year of publication, e.g., (Sharma, 2008) or Sharma (2008).
Two authors: Both author's last names and the year of publication, e.g., (Gotelli & Ellison, 2004).
Three or more authors: First author's last name followed by 'et al.', e.g., (Ghale et al., 2019) or Ghale et al. (2019).
Groups of references: Many references, when cited in the parenthesis, should first be cited chronologically and then alphabetically, e.g., (Dickinson & Lukas, 1979; Singer, 1996; Adhikari & Bhattarai, 2014).


The list of references should include only those works that are cited in the text. Personal communications should only be mentioned in the text, not in the references.

The reference list should be arranged alphabetically by the last names of the first author. If the last name of the first author is the same in two or more references, the last name of the second author and so on should be considered while preparing the list. Different kinds of publications should be listed in different styles, as mentioned below.

Journal articles
Surname, Given Name Initial. Second Name Initial (if any). Published Year in the bracket. Paper Title (sentence case). Full Journal Name (italics), Volume No. (Issue No.), (blank space) xx-xx (page ranges without spacing).

Sharma, C.M. (2008). Freshwater, fishes, fisheries, and habitat prospects of Nepal. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management, 11(3), 289-297.

Ghimire, M.P., & Richter, M. (2017). Chemical gating of a weak topological insulator: Bi14Rh3I9. Nano Letters, 17(10), 6303-6308.

Chhatkuli, D.N., Paudel, S., & Aryal, B. (2020). Study of star formation rate and metallicity of an interacting dwarf galaxy NGC 2604. Journal of Institute of Science and Technology, 25(2), 55-60.

Ghale, D.B., Bohara, N.B., Duwal, N., & Bhattarai, J. (2019). Investigation on the mineralogical phase of ancient brick samples of Kathmandu valley (Nepal) using XRD and FTIR analysis. Rasayan Journal of Chemistry, 12(2), 402-408.

Neupane, B., Dang, N.C., Acharya, K., Reppert, M., Zazubovich, V., et al. (2010) Insight into the electronic structure of the CP47 antenna protein complex of photosystem II: Hole burning and fluorescence study. Journal of American Chemical Society, 132(12), 4214-4229.

Gotelli, N.J., & Ellison, A.M. (2004). A primer of ecological statistics. Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA: Sinauer Associates, Inc.

Edited Book
Sutherland, W.J. (Ed). (2006). Ecological census techniques: A handbook (2nd ed.). Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Book Chapters
Richter, M. (2001). Density Functional Theory applied to 4f and 5f Elements and Metallic Compounds. In Buschow, K.H.J. (Ed.), Handbook of magnetic materials (pp. 87-s228), Vol. 13, Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Sharma, C.M., Borgstrøm, R., & Rosseland, B.O. (2011). Biomanipulation in Lake Årungen, Norway: A tool of biological control. In Ansari, A.A., Singh Gill, S., Lanza, G.R., & Rast, W. (Eds.), Eutrophication: causes, consequences and control (pp. 292-323), Springer.

Bhattarai, J. (2019). Investigation on physico-chemical and sintering properties of ceramic tiles and bricks available in local market of Kathmandu Valley. The University Grants Commission-Nepal, Sanothimi, Bhaktapur, Nepal. p. 121.

Conference Paper
Swar, D.B. (2008). History of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) introduction in Nepal. In T.B. Gurung (Ed.), Proceedings of the first national workshop on scaling up rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) farming strategies in Nepal (pp. 21-24), Kathmandu, Nepal.

Pyakurel, U. (2016). Evacuation planning problem with contraflow approach. Ph.D. Thesis, Central Department of Mathematics, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Nepal.

Bhattarai, J. (1998). Tailoring of corrosion-resistant tungsten alloys by sputtering. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Materials Science, Faculty of Engineering, Tohoku University, Japan.

The manuscript should be sent to the following address (most preferably by e-mail):

Office of the Chief Editor/Editor
Journal of Institute of Science and Technology
Institute of Science and Technology
Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal

The decisions of the Chief Editor are final for publishing the articles that have been submitted. The opinions expressed in the articles are the author’s own and do not reflect the publisher's view or the Editorial Board. Author(s) should declare that the submitted work has not been published and is not being considered for publication, elsewhere. In addition, it is expected to suggest the names and full addresses (with email) of three potential referees relating to the subject area of the manuscript.

Once the print version is available, a copy of the journal will be provided free of cost only to the reviewers and corresponding authors. The charge is NRs 300 per printed volume of journal plus the postal charge depending upon the location of the addressee.

Peer-Review Process

Following the submission of the manuscript to the journal, the editorial board will check whether the submitted manuscript is appropriate for the journal or not. The manuscript will go through a plagiarism check before starting the review process. If deemed suitable for the journal, the Chief Editor will assign manuscripts to the Section Editors for further processing. The manuscript will be sent to the reviewers corresponding to their expertise.

Generally, the article is sent to a minimum of two reviewers; and the third reviewer will also be assigned in the situation where it is deemed necessary. The reviewers are given two weeks to review the article.

Double-blind peer review is applied for the manuscript submitted to JIST. It is made sure that the entire manuscript forwarded to the reviewers does not contain any information that identifies the authors and their affiliations. The review process generally takes between 2 to 3 months. However, the time taken to assign the Section Editor and the initial quality of the manuscript decides the processing time. Besides, the time taken by the reviewers and the author's response determines the total processing time from the submission to the acceptance.

Once the author submits the corrected paper addressing the reviewer's comments, the Section Editor would deal with it to see if the authors incorporated all the comments and suggestions. If deemed necessary, it will be sent to the corresponding reviewers again to decide whether the manuscript has the potential for acceptance. Authors should incorporate all questions or should defend (clarify) reviewers' comments. However, the final decision to accept the paper for publication is taken by the Chief Editor.

Publication Charges
The Journal of Institute of Science and Technology does not charge a fee for submission, processing, and publication.

Copyright Notice and Licensing Policy
The copyright of the articles is held by the Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University (IoST-TU). The views and interpretations in this journal are those of the author(s). They are not attributable to the IoST-TU and do not imply the expression of any opinion concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city, area of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The corresponding author is responsible for any conflict of interest between authors and others.

The articles in the Journal of Institute of Science and Technology are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International License (CC: BY-NC), which permits the use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format, remix, transfer, and build upon the materials for any purpose, but may not be for commercial purposes, provided the original work is properly cited.

Authorship Change

If you require to change the authorship, including the order of the authors, during or after the review, you need to send the consent letter to the Editorial Office. The consent letter is available upon request. The change in authorship after the acceptance of the article is not entertained unless there is a valid reason or some technical mistakes. The Chief Editor will make the final decision in such cases.

Article types

The JIST accepts Original Research Articles, Review Articles, Short Communications, Notes, and Letters to the Editor.

Privacy Statement

Nepal Journals Online (NepJOL) is a member of the Ubiquity Partner Network coordinated by Ubiquity Press. According to the EU definitions, NepJOL is the data controller, and Ubiquity Press are the service providers and data processors. Ubiquity Press provide the technical platform and some publishing services to NepJOL and operate under the principle of data minimisation where only the minimal amount of personal data that is required to carry out a task is obtained.

More information on the type of data that is required can be found in Ubiquity Press’ privacy policy below.

Ubiquity Press Privacy Policy

We take seriously our duty to process your personal data in a fair and transparent way. We collect and manage user data according to the following Privacy Policy. This document is part of our Terms of Service, and by using the press portal, affiliated journals, book, conference and repository websites (the “Websites”), you agree to the terms of this Privacy Policy and the Terms of Service. Please read the Terms of Service in their entirety, and refer to those for definitions and contacts.

What type of personal data do we handle?

There are four main categories of personal data stored by our journal platform, our press platform, and our book management system; Website User data, Author data, Reviewer data and Editor data.

The minimum personal data that are stored are:

  • full name
  • email address
  • affiliation (department, and institution)
  • country of residence

Optionally, the user can provide:

  • salutation
  • gender
  • associated URL
  • phone number
  • fax number
  • reviewing interests
  • mailing address
  • ORCiD
  • a short biography
  • interests
  • Twitter profile
  • LinkedIn profile
  • ImpactStory profile
  • profile picture

The data subjects have complete control of this data through their profile, and can request for it to be removed by contacting

What do we do to keep that data secure?

We regularly backup our databases, and we use reliable cloud service providers (Amazon, Google Cloud, Linode) to ensure they are kept securely. Backups are regularly rotated and the old data is permanently deleted. We have a clear internal data handling policy, restricting access to the data and backups to key employees only. In case of a data breach, we will report the breach to the affected users, and to the press/journal contacts within 72 hours.

How do we use the data?

Personal information is only used to deliver the services provided by the publisher. Personal data is not shared externally except for author names, affiliations, emails, and links to ORCiD and social media accounts (if provided) in published articles and books which are displayed as part of the article/book and shared externally to indexes and databases. If a journal operates under open peer review then the reviewer details are published alongside the reviewer details.

How we collect and use your data:

1. When using the website

1.1 what data we collect

  • When you browse our website, we collect anonymised data about your use of the website; for example, we collect information about which pages you view, which files you download, what browser you are using, and when you were using the site.
  • When you comment on an article or book using Disqus, we are not collecting, controlling or processing the data. More details on the DISQUS privacy policy can be found on their website.
  • When you annotate an article or book, this is done via a 3rd party plugin to the website called In using this plugin we are not collecting, controlling or processing the data. More details on the privacy policy can be found on their website.

1.2 why we collect the data

  • We use anonymised website usage data to monitor traffic, help fix bugs, and see overall patterns that inform future redesigns of the website, and provide reports on how frequently the publications on our site have been accessed from within their IP ranges.

1.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • We do not collect personal information that can be used to identify you when you browse the website.
  • We currently use Google Analytics for publication reports, and to improve the website and services through traffic analysis, but no personal identifying data is shared with Google (for example your computer’s IP is anonymised before transmission).

1.4 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • Please contact to request a copy of your data, or for your data to be removed/anonymised.

2. When registering as an author, and submitting an article or book

2.1 what data we collect

  • When registering an account we ask you to log in and provide certain personal information (such as your name and email address), and there is the option to register using an ORCiD which will pre-fill the registration form.
  • As part of submitting an article for publication, you will need to provide personally identifying information which will be used for the peer review process, and will be published. This can include ‘Affiliation’, ‘Competing interests’, ‘Acknowledgements’.

2.2 why we collect the data

  • Registering an account allows you to log in, manage your profile, and participate as an author/reviewer/editor. We use cookies and session information to streamline your use of the website (for example in order for you to remain logged-in when you return to a journal). You can block or delete cookies and still be able to use the websites, although if you do you will then need to enter your username and password to login. In order to take advantage of certain features of the websites, you may also choose to provide us with other personal information, such as your ORCiD, but your decision to utilize these features and provide such data will always be voluntary.
  • Personal data submitted with the article or book is collected to allow follow good publication ethics during the review process, and will form part of the official published record in order for the provenance of the work to be established, and for the work to be correctly attributed.

2.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • We do not share your personal information with third parties, other than as part of providing the publishing service.
  • As a registered author in the system you may be contacted by the journal editor to submit another article.
  • Any books published on the platform are freely available to download from the publisher website in PDF, EPUB and MOBI formats on the publisher’s site.
  • Any personal data accompanying an article or a book (that will have been added by the submitting author) is published alongside it. The published data includes the names, affiliations and email addresses of all authors.
  • Any articles published on the platform are freely available to download from the publisher website in various formats (e.g. PDF, XML).
  • Ubiquity Press books and articles are typeset by SiliconChips and Diacritech.This process involves them receiving the book and book associated metadata and contacting the authors to finalise the layout. Ubiquity Press work with these suppliers to ensure that personal data is only used for the purposes of typesetting and proofing.
  • For physical purchases of books on the platform Ubiquity Press use print on demand services via Lightning Source who are responsible for printing and distribution via retailers. (For example; Amazon, Book Repository, Waterstones). Lightning Source’s privacy policy and details on data handling can be found on their website.

2.4 why we store the data

  • We store the account data so that you may choose to become a reviewer and be able to perform those tasks, or to become an author and submit an article and then track progress of that article.
  • Published personal data that accompanies an article or a book forms part of the official published record in order for the provenance of the work to be established, and for the work to be correctly attributed.

2.5 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • You are able to view, change and remove your data associated with your profile. Should you choose to completely delete your account, please contact us at and we will follow up with your request as soon as possible.
  • To conform to publication ethics and best practice any personal data that is published alongside an article or book cannot be removed. If you have a query about a publication to which you are attributed please contact

3. When registering as a reviewer

3.1 what data we collect

  • To become a reviewer you must first register as a user on the website, and set your preference that you would like to be considered as a reviewer. No new personal data is collected when a registered user elects to become a reviewer.
  • When registering an account we ask you to log in and provide certain personal information (such as your name and email address), and there is the option to register using an ORCiD which will pre-fill the registration form.
  • Reviewers can also be registered by editors who invite them to review a specific article. This requires the editor to provide the reviewer’s First Name, Last Name, and Email address. Normally this will be done as part of the process of inviting you to review the article or book.
  • On submitting a review, the reviewer includes a competing interest statement, they may answer questions about the quality of the article, and they will submit their recommendation.

3.2 why we collect the data

  • The data entered is used to invite the reviewer to peer review the article or book, and to contact the reviewer during and the review process.
  • If you submit a review then the details of your review, including your recommendation, your responses to any review form, your free-form responses, your competing interests statement, and any cover letter are recorded.

3.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • This data is not shared publicly and is only accessible by the Editor and system administrators of that journal or press.
  • The data will only be used in connection with that journal or press.
  • Data that is retained post final decision is kept to conform to publication ethics and best practice, to provide evidence of peer review, and to resolve any disputes relating to the peer review of the article or book.
  • For journals or presses that publish the peer reviews, you will be asked to give consent to your review being published, and a subset of the data you have submitted will become part of the published record.

3.4 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • If you would no longer like to be registered as a reviewer you can edit your profile and tick the box ‘stop being a reviewer’. This will remove you from the reviewer database, however any existing reviews you may have carried out will remain.
  • If you have been contacted by an editor to peer review an article this means that you have been registered in the system. If you would not like to be contacted for peer review you can reply to the email requesting that your data be deleted.

4. When being registered as a co-author

4.1 what data we collect

  • Co-author data is entered by the submitting author. The submitting author will already have a user account. According to standard publishing practice, the submitting author is responsible for obtaining the consent of their co-authors to be included (including having their personal data included) in the article/book being submitted to the journal/press.
  • The requested personal data for co-authors are at the bare minimum; first name, last name, institution, country, email address. This can also include; ORCID ID, Title, Middle Name, Biographical Statement, Department, Twitter Handle, Linkedin Profile Name or ImpactStory ID.

4.2 why we collect the data

  • Assuming that it is accepted for publication, this data forms part of the official published record in order for the provenance of the work to be established, and for the work to be correctly attributed.
  • Author names, affiliations and emails are required for publication and will become part of the permanent cited record.

4.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • The co-author’s personal data is stored in the author database. This personal data is only used in relation to the publication of the associated article.
  • Any co-author data collected is added to the author database and is only used in association with the article the user is co-author on.

4.5 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • To receive a copy of your data, please contact
  • To conform to publication ethics and best practice any personal data that is published alongside an article or book cannot be removed. If you have a query about a publication to which you are attributed please contact

5. When signing-up to receive newsletters

5.1 what data we collect

  • We require you to include your name and email address

5.2 why we collect and store the data, and for how long

  • This data would be collected to keep you updated with any news about the platform or specific journal

5.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • We use mailchimp to provide our mailing list services. Their privacy policy can be found here

5.4 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data or want your data to be removed

  • All emails sent via our newsletter client will include a link that will allow you to unsubscribe from the mailing list

Notification about change of ownership or of control of data

We may choose to buy or sell assets. In the case that control of data changes to or from Ubiquity Press and a third party, or in the case of change of ownership of Ubiquity Press or of part of the business where the control of personal data is transferred, we will do our best to inform all affected users and present the options.

(Updated: 18 May 2018)