Assessing Climate Change Challenges and Adaptation Strategies in South Asian Countries: A Review

Authors

  • Suja Giri Global Research Institute and Training Center, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Aakriti Prasai Agriculture and Forestry University, Faculty of Forestry, Nepal
  • Ashish Khanal TERI School of Advanced Studies, New Delhi, India
  • Renuka Khamcha Agriculture and Forestry University, Faculty of Forestry, Nepal
  • Saksham Tiwari Agriculture and Forestry University, Faculty of Forestry, Nepal
  • Sharmila Khadka Agriculture and Forestry University, Faculty of Forestry, Nepal
  • Yashodha Thapa Agriculture and Forestry University, Faculty of Forestry, Nepal
  • Nitesh Rai Agriculture and Forestry University, Faculty of Forestry, Nepal
  • Mamata Pantha Agriculture and Forestry University, Faculty of Forestry, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/josem.v2i2.55207

Keywords:

Carbon sequestration, Climate change mitigation, Climate change adaptation, Ecosystem services, Forest policy

Abstract

The wide range of environmental consequences caused by climate change highlights the urgent need for global action to mitigate its effects, as it poses a significant threat to forest ecosystems, freshwater systems, and the overall stability of our planet. This review paper addresses the limitations in availability of country-specific documents on climate change in South Asian countries and identifies gaps in addressing climate change challenges. By reviewing secondary literature and utilizing online resources, the paper provides insights into the current status of climate change issues and adaptation strategies in Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Maldives and Sri Lanka. The paper emphasizes the importance of sustainable practices, community involvement, and adaptive management plans in addressing climate change impacts on forests in these countries. It also highlights the need for international collaborations, research, and monitoring to enhance their capacity to mitigate and adapt to climate change. The research findings are valuable for various stakeholders, including ecologists, geologists, hydrologists, local authorities, and governments, as they can be utilized for climate-sensitive planning, project evaluation, integrating gender perspectives, and further research.

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Published

2023-05-30

How to Cite

Giri, S., Prasai, A., Khanal, A., Khamcha, R., Tiwari, S., Khadka, S., Thapa, Y., Rai, N., & Pantha, M. (2023). Assessing Climate Change Challenges and Adaptation Strategies in South Asian Countries: A Review. Journal of Sustainability and Environmental Management, 2(2), 141–149. https://doi.org/10.3126/josem.v2i2.55207

Issue

Section

Review Articles