Journal of Sustainability and Environmental Management 2022-09-02T12:28:25+00:00 Mr. Ashish Khanal Open Journal Systems <p>The Journal of Sustainability and Environmental Management is published by Jiwanta Nepal, New Baneshwor 32, Kathmandu, Nepal. The journal can also be found on its own website at <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"></a></p> Rainfall and Temperature Perception among Farmers in India: A Study of Bundelkhand Region 2022-09-02T09:44:55+00:00 Surendra Singh Jatav <p>Climate change has impacted the crop yield and affected the livelihoods of the farmers. Using a systematic random sampling technique, 200 samples were collected from two districts, viz., Jhansi and Jalaun of Bundelkhand region, India from September to November 2017, while rainfall and temperature data were collected from 1969 to 2017 from the Indian Meteorological Department of India to find the link between farmers’ perception on rainfall &amp; temperature, and district’s rainfall and temperature pattern in long-term.&nbsp; Different statistical tools such as the Man Kendall test was employed to examine the rainfall and temperature trends, while the Breusch-Pagan test was used to check heteroscedasticity in the model. Further, the binary logistic regression model was also used to examine the determinants of farmers’ perceptions using socioeconomic variables. The results confirm based on the majority of the farmers’ perception that temperature has increased, while rainfall has declined. These results are in a similar line with the district’s rainfall and temperature trends. The regression results suggest that gender, education, and access to toilets are less likely to influence the farmers’ perception of climate change, while age, income, and access to electricity are significantly likely to influence the farmers’ perception of climate change. Hence, policy should be implemented to enhance rural farming communities’ awareness of climate change by providing training and creating awareness.</p> 2022-09-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Surendra Singh Jatav Ecology and Bio-economics of Freshwater Apple Snail Pila globosa in Natore district of Bangladesh 2022-09-02T09:59:18+00:00 Umme Habiba Shathi Md. Redwanur Rahman <p><em>Pila globosa</em> is an economically and commercially valued snail used as food in aquaculture, medicine, and food item in many regions of Bangladesh and other countries. The current study examines the ecology of <em>Pila globosa</em> and determines their current bio-economic situation. <em>Pila globosa</em> were collected from Singra, Lalpur and, Bagatipara upazila of Natore district. It was found 1.5-fold decline of the snail population in the study areas. <em>Pila globosa</em> is an ecological element that actively contributes to preserving a healthy aquatic habitat, which is necessary for biodiversity preservation. On the one hand, snail fauna scientific management is out of date. On the other hand, <em>Pila globosa</em> is still being exploited for fish culture, providing the underprivileged with a means of subsistence and the country with foreign income. By easing pressure on the natural population, the scenario justifies the development of supplemental <em>Pila globosa</em> culture techniques for commercial use.</p> 2022-09-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Umme Habiba Shathi, Md. Redwanur Rahman Typha angustifolia L. Grass Hindering against Agricultural Productivity in Aliero River, Kebbi State, Nigeria 2022-09-02T10:15:50+00:00 Zubairu S. Aliero Dharmendra Singh Jibrin N. Keta <p>This research work tries to examine the socioeconomic impact of <em>Typha angustifolia</em> L. grass in parts of Kebbi state (Aliero, Kashin Zama and Sabiyal), Nigeria. For better understanding of the field conditions with regards to the impact of the grass on the socioeconomic of the area (agriculture, fishing and the livelihood pattern), two hundred (200) questionnaires were designed and administered, out of which only One hundred and forty five (145) were returned. Findings from the questionnaire survey of some communities along river Aliero (Kashin Zama and Sabiyal) show that, there is general reduction in the flow of water in the river channel over the last few years. This was attributed to blockages by <em>Typha angustifolia</em> L. grass and silt deposits within the river channel. There is also reduced or loss of cultivation of some crops particularly irrigated crops such as millet, maize, rice, wheat and vegetables, fishing activities in the area is also affected by the grass. This situation is worst in Kashin Zama area, where many farmers reported that, before the emergence of <em>Typha angustifolia</em> grass in the area, they recorded 225bags of rice in 10hecter, and now only 60-65 bags where recorded in the same piece of land. Moreover, communities have tried communal and individual manual clearance of the Typha, while Aliero Local Government, Kebbi State and Federal Governments are also carrying out mechanical clearance work in the channel. All these efforts have little impact.</p> 2022-09-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Zubairu S. Aliero, Dharmendra Singh, Jibrin N. Keta Interannual Variability of Winter Rainfall in Upper Myanmar 2022-09-02T10:23:18+00:00 Kyaw Than Oo <p>Upper Myanmar region, roughly located between 21° 00' N and 28° 30' N latitude and 92° 10' E and 101° 11' E longitude, is the place where the winter cold season contributes ~2% of the annual total rainfall. The rainfall associated with Western disturbances is small in quantum but veritably important for the cold season crops, maintaining the glaciers over the Putao region, hydropower generation for the whole country and hazard of Jade mining of the Upper Myanmar area. This study aims to find interannual variability and related ocean-atmospheric pattern link with Upper Myanmar cold season rainfall by using great-resolution reanalysis data (ERA5) during 1990-2020. Correlation analysis to test the validation of ERA5 gridded data with the observed data from 25 stations across Myanmar, showed a strong correlation value in the same period that enough reliable for best analysis results. An anomalous anticyclonic (cyclonic) circulation persists over the southern part of the Bay of Bengal and South China sea during wet (dry) years. Also, the warming over the Indian Ocean and the cooling over the Tibetan plateau region correspond to south-north transport of moisture, ensuing in positive rainfall anomalies over the study region during winter. The wide patches of strong negative (positive) correlation are found over the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea (MED), Arabian Sea (ARS), and Red Sea (RED) during wet (dry) years. The link implies that NPO, SPO, and MED have an impact on the winter rainfall inter-annual variability. In addition, the cooling (warming) over the Indochina and western Pacific regions influences the Hadley and Walker circulation bringing above (below) normal rainfall, respectively, over Upper Myanmar. The reply of indices (PO, MED, NINO3.4, IOD, and WDs) on winter rainfall, necessary to further investigation. The complete analysis of winter rainfall aids in the understanding of past extreme events as well as the forecasting and monitoring of drought and floods in Upper Myanmar.</p> 2022-09-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Kyaw Than Oo Impacts of Climate Change in Bangladesh and its Consequences on Public Health 2022-09-02T10:28:42+00:00 Golam Kibria Hasinur Rahman Pavel Md. Rashed Miah Md. Raisul Islam <p>Climate change can affect many aspects of our lives, for example, health and environment, access to natural resources, safety and security, agriculture and food production. Health issues are the most crucial and burning difficulties for human beings in all of these aspects. The scope of this review considered commonly used methodologies for climate change-induced diseases research and assessment of climate-induced health problems throughout Bangladesh. Surveys, key informant interviews (KII), focus group discussion (FGD), registered hospital visit patient data as well as and other similar methodologies are found popular in this research area. Negligible studies are found that used experimental method including laboratory analysis and registered hospital visit of patient information. Very few experimental studies observed water sample tests and human health-related samples like urine and blood pressure. People living in the coastal part has climate-induced crisis like salinity intrusion, cyclone, storm surge that lead to health problems like diarrhea, cholera, skin diseases, typhoid, chicken pox. While people living in both drought-prone and flood prone areas have health problems like diarrhea, cholera, fever, and skin diseases. People living in the urban and the hilly regions have climate induced crisis of increased temperature and they suffer from vector-borne diseases. Waterborne communicable diseases are the most common climate-induced diseases found in this review. Waterborne non-communicable diseases like hypertension, pre-eclampsia, eclampsia and gynecological problems during pregnancy are common and women suffers a lot. Blood pressure and related cardiovascular diseases, jaundice, and respiratory issues are also getting worse day by day which has strong connection with climate change effects like temperature, rainfall and salinity.</p> 2022-09-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Golam Kibria, Hasinur Rahman Pavel, Md. Rashed Miah, Md. Raisul Islam