Prevalence of Bacterial Uropathogens Among Diabetic Patients Attending Padma Nursing Hospital of Western Nepal

Authors

  • Kamal Tamang Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal
  • Pashupati Shrestha Trichandra Multiple Campus, Nepal
  • Amrit Koirala Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal
  • Jagat Khadka Padma Nursing Home Pvt. Ltd., Pokhara, Nepal
  • Narayan Gautam Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal
  • Komal Raj Rijal Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/hijost.v1i0.25816

Keywords:

UTI, diabetes, antibiotic susceptibility test

Abstract

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). The propensity of the infection can vary in different individuals especially when there is underreporting from the patients having a risk of acquiring infections. This study was conducted in Padma Nursing Home, Pokhara, Nepal from April to September, 2014. A total of 200 mid-stream urine samples were collected from diabetic patients visiting the nursing home and processed by standard laboratory procedure. Antibiotic susceptibility test was performed by modified Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method. About 13% of the patient's urine specimens had shown UTIs. The prevalence of UTI was 18.1% in female and 8.5% in male. Statistically significant association of UTI was found with gender and pyuria. E. coli was the most predominating organism (37%) causing UTI followed by Enterococcus spp (22.2%) and Klebsiella spp. (14.8%). Nitrofurantoin and Ciprofloxacin were the most potent drugs. UTIs are more frequent and are likely to have a more complicated course in patients with DM. This study pointed out that higher age patients, female gender and diabetic patients are risk groups for UTI and should be very cautious to so as to prevent it.

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Author Biographies

Kamal Tamang, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal

Lecturer, Central Department of Microbiology

Pashupati Shrestha, Trichandra Multiple Campus, Nepal

Department of Microbiology

Amrit Koirala, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal

Central Department of Microbiology

Narayan Gautam, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal

Central Department of Microbiology

Komal Raj Rijal, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal

Central Department of Microbiology

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Published

2017-12-01

How to Cite

Tamang, K., Shrestha, P., Koirala, A., Khadka, J., Gautam, N., & Rijal, K. R. (2017). Prevalence of Bacterial Uropathogens Among Diabetic Patients Attending Padma Nursing Hospital of Western Nepal. Himalayan Journal of Science and Technology, 1, 15–19. https://doi.org/10.3126/hijost.v1i0.25816

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Section

Original Research Articles