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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • When available, the URLs to access references online are provided, including those for open access versions of the reference. The URLs are ready to click (e.g.,
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review) have been followed.

Author Guidelines

Author's Guidelines

Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology (DJSA) is a Gold Open Access journal published by Department of Sociology/Anthropology, Dhawalagiri Multiple Campus, Baglung, (Tribhuvan University) Nepal, which is listed in NepJOL & DOAJ

Aims and Scope of the Journal:
Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology is an interdisciplinary journal that publishes articles from Nepal and abroad. Primary focuses are given to wide areas such as:

Caste, Ethnicity, Natural Resource Management, Gender and Feminism, Class, Polity, Public Policies, Rituals, Religion, Minority Issues, Public Health and Ethno-medicine, Indigenous/Local Knowledge, Social Structure, State, Migration, Health Related Issues, Development, Population, Rural/Urban Development, Governance, Vulnerabilities, Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methodology, Innovative Research Methodologies, Language Issues, Applied and Socio-linguistic Studies, Ecology, Landscape, Environment, Conflict Management and Peace Building, Landscape, Climate Change, Risk and Hazard, Disaster, Environment and Environmentalism, Natural Processes and Human Responses. DJSA is a compilation of scientific articles, original research, reviews, interviews, reflective notes, dissertation/thesis abstracts, and other information of interest that focuses on issues in the areas of Sociology and Anthropology of Nepal and other location. By and large, it aspires researchers to publish the current issues. Authors need to check submission compliance with all of the following terms and conditions to adhere to the robust guidelines.

Types of Articles Accepted:
Original research articles, review-based articles, and short reviews of new books on Nepal are most welcome from both Nepali and foreign scholars on current social issues are preferred. The authors must take full responsibility for the originality of the content, opinions expressed in the article, and language editing.

How to Submit Articles:
DJSA only accept paper submitted online. Use the following steps to submit your manuscript online.
• Go to
• Register: as an author, reader & reviewer
• Login (enter user name and password) as author
• Start a new submission
• Go to click here
• Select appropriate section (Editorial Notes/Articles/ Reviews)
• Read Submission checklist and mark check all 5
• Checkmark copyright notice
• Please use the box to write any comments/suggestions for the editor
• Save and continue
• Upload Submission file (Select the paper you wanted to submit (only editable word files are accepted).
• After uploading the file, in the review detail section you will be asked a question what kind of file is this? to solve this issue go to edit, and select the file type.
• Save and continue
• Enter metadata
• Save and continue
• Upload supplementary files (if you have any)
• Save and continue.
• Click on finish submission. Your submission is complete. (You will receive an email confirmation).Note: Editor-in-Chief reserves the right to accept or reject the preliminary draft of the article.
All correspondences related to editorial and subscription should be addressed to:
Dhawalagiri Multiple Campus, Baglung, Nepal

Please consider the following while submitting your paper:
1. The authors are encouraged to submit the file in Microsoft Word, Word Pad, Rich Text Format (RTF), or OpenOffice document format.
2. The authors are encouraged to prepare the text in Times New Roman 1.5 space with 11-point font.
3. All illustrations, figures, and tables are embedded in the text.
4. Articles should be written in English. Word count should not exceed 7000 words including abstracts, tables, and references. Only relevant tables and charts should be included. All papers should have an abstract of about 250 words. Immediately below the abstract, a maximum of 5 keywords should be written in alphabetic order.
5. The text adheres to the APA 7th edition ( style for citation and references.
6. Spelling should follow the Oxford English Dictionary. Words in a language other than English should be italicized. Consistency throughout the paper is expected. Spelling should follow the Oxford English Dictionary. Words in a language other than English should be italicized. Consistency throughout the paper is expected.

Title Page:
A cover letter to the Editor-in-Chief would benefit the author to explain the paper. The cover letter includes the following information: Summary of the study’s contribution, relation to the study to previously published, to specify the type of article (for example, research article, systematic review, meta-analysis). It also includes the justifying value of publication of the paper in Sociology and Anthropology and the commitment of following review process as directed by the editorial team:
Details of the corresponding author
Abstract (Max 250 words); no citation, and no abbreviation if possible
Keywords (max 5)
• Acknowledgments
• Funding,
• Ethical approval of the research,
• Consent of publication,
• Ethical conduct of research,
• Conflict of interest,
• Author(s) academic bio-notes (Introduction of each author (max. 150 words each, see examples in previous articles). The authors are also required to register at and provide the ORCID.

Please submit, with the manuscript, the names, addresses, positions, and e-mail addresses of four potential
referees. Note that the editors retain the sole right to decide whether or not the suggested reviewers are used. Be aware of the conflict of interest of the referees and the author(s).

Main Manuscript: This section must be free from the author's identity in any form.
• Title (Max 250 characters, should be specific, descriptive, concise, and comprehensible to readers outside the field)
• Abstract (Max 250 words)

Sections of the Main Text:
Introduction: Write broad context/background, literature review, define key terms/concepts, introduce the GAP and its significance, present issues/problem/research question, explain the significance of the study, try to build funnel shape (from board to specific focus of study).

Methods: The method section should be detailed, clear, and precise. It must provide information such as source, nature of data, methods, and instruments used for data collection and analysis, characteristics of the population, sample design, type, size, statistical tools and processes of data analysis, software applied, limitation of methodology, ethical declarations.

Findings: Thematic analysis, presents data in tables or figures

Discussion: It is the statement of result or important findings, highlights unexpected results, compares results, comments of findings, suggesting a hypothesis.

Conclusion: restate the aim of the study, summarize the major findings, suggest implications for the field of knowledge, explain the significance of the findings, recognize and acknowledge the limitations of the study, recommendations for future study, the practice of policy (The reverse funnel)
• Notes (if any)
• References (APA 7th Edition)

Authors Response to Reviewer: DJSA supports author(s)the style to respond to reviewer feedback.

Article Processing Fees:
DJSA does NOT charge any article processing fees.

Articles in DJSA are Open Access articles published under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International This license lets others copy, share freely, display, modify and use the articles for any purpose other than commercially provided the original work is properly cited.

Frequency of Publication: DJSA is published annually and usually in December. DJSA online submission is open every day. Authors are requested to submit their research article three months or earlier if submitted later will be published in the next issue if they are qualified through the review process.

Legal Compliance:
It is assumed that manuscripts, which are submitted to the DJSA, are not submitted before, partly or wholly elsewhere in any print or electronic media. Manuscripts are the original writing of authors. In the manuscripts, there should not be any forms of plagiarized texts such as published or unpublished sources. Ethically, others’ copyright should be respected. illegal, unauthorized, and unethical contents should be avoided in the paper. All ideas contained in the paper fall under the sole responsibilities of the author (s). The DJSA and the Editorial Team will not be held responsible for any compensation claims.

Anti-Plagiarism Policy:
Please note that the DJSA uses Plagiarism Checker X ( and software to screen papers for unoriginal material at the very beginning and before online publication. By submitting your paper to DJSA, you are agreeing to check any necessary originality or plagiarism as your paper may have to undergo during the peer review and production processes. In case of a duplicate submission, fabricated data, breach of participants' confidentiality, improper award or denial of authorship, and plagiarised texts, we warn the author(s) for misconduct and rejection. If it is serious, we will consider that deliberate and, thus bar the author from submitting any (including original) article to DJSA for five years.

Peer Review Process:
All manuscripts are screened by the Editor-in-Chief in the initial phase, check similarities using the software. If they are selected in the screening process, all submissions in this journal undergo rigorous peer reviews. Dhaulagiri review form guides the reviewers for objective evaluation of the paper (s). We assign at least two anonymous peer reviewers, who will review the submissions critically. The review process may take around three months and inform the status of the paper to the author (s). We publish reviewers' detail in every issue we publish.

Abbreviations: Define abbreviations upon first appearance in the text. Do not use non-standard abbreviations unless they appear at least three times in the text. Keep abbreviations to a minimum.

Citation and Referencing Style: The DJSA strictly follows APA 7th edition style guidelines for citation and referencing. This link ( serves authors as a guideline for citation and referencing.

Citation: The text should refer to notes numbered consecutively throughout the article, publication, and biographical references should be cited in the text by the author’s last name, date of publication, and the page number. Some examples are presented given as follows:

Direct quote: (Bhandari, 2016, p. 5); or if the author’s name is mentioned in the text, by the date and page reference only such as, (2003, p. 54); for paraphrased or summarized statement e.g., (Bhandari, 2016); for multiple authors e.g., (Bhandari et al., 2016); for multiple works by the same author, the same year (Bhandari, 2010a) (Bhandari, 2010b); for multiple works by the same author, same citation (Bhandari, 2010, 2012); for no date (Bhandari, n.d.), if this is multiple citations should be appeared first and in press at the last; for citing multiple works parenthetically (Dahal, 2001; Khattri, 2020; Khattri & Pun, 2005; Mishra, 2005; Thapa, 2016); for personal communication (B. Subedi, personal communication, December 30, 2020); for in press (Subedi, in press); two authors (Ram & Shyam, 2020).

Quotations: Less than 40 words are included within the paragraph enclosed by double quotes. Quotations 40 or more words are to be separated from the paragraph, and the whole block is indented half-inch. Do not use double quotation marks to enclose the block quotation.

Referencing: Entries in the references should be in alphabetical and chronological order as per APA 7th edition style guidelines. Some examples of reference format are as follows:

Journal Article References:
Subedi, M. (2015). Contractual transaction: how renting a uterus makes the human body a commodity in Nepal. Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology, 9, 1-25.

Referencing from Book:
Cohen, J. H., & Sirkeci, I. (2011). Cultures of migration: The global nature of contemporary mobility. The University of Texas Press.

Cooper, K., & White, R. E. (2012). Qualitative research in the post-modern era: Contexts of qualitative research. Springer.

Anzul, M., Downing, M., Ely, M., & Vinz, R. (1997). On writing qualitative research: Living by words. The Falmer Press.

Referencing from Single Book Chapter:
Akaha, T. (2020). Migration in Northeast Asia: Human development, human security, and foreign policy consequences. In T. Inoguchi (Ed.), The sage handbook of Asian foreign policy (pp. 180-200). Sage.

Referencing from an Edited Book:
Bhattachan, K. B., & Mishra, C. (Eds.). (1997). Developmental practices in Nepal. Central Department of Sociology/Anthropology, Tribhuvan University.

Referencing from Thesis or Dissertation:
Sherestha, B. G. (2002). The ritual composition of Sankhu: the socio-religious anthropology of Newar town in Nepal. (Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis). Leiden University, the Netherlands.

Referencing from the organization as a publisher:
Tiwari, S. R. (2001). The ancient settlement of the Kathmandu Valley. Center for Nepal and Asian Studies, Tribhuvan University, Nepal.

Report by a Government Agency References:
National Cancer Institute. (2019). Taking time: Support for people with cancer (NIH Publication No. 18-2059). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health.

Referencing from Newspaper:
Pasa, L. B. (2019, May 10). Laxmi Prasad Devkotako kriti [The contribution of Laxmi Prasad Devkota]. Annapurnapost, p. 5.

Referencing From Encyclopedia or Dictionary:
Oxford learner’s dictionary. (n.d.). dictionary. Retrieved April 10, 2019, from

Referencing from Corporate Author/s:
Central Bureau of Statistics [CBS]. (1992). National population and housing census 1991(National report).

Referencing from Youtube:
APA Publishing Training. (n.d.). Home [YouTube channel]. Retrieved February 20, 2020, from

Reduction of Biased Language:

Table: Tables should be formatted as APA 7th edition with the following basic components:

number: The table number (e.g., Table 1) appears above the table title and body in bold font. Number tables in the order in which they are mentioned in your paper. title: The table title appears one double-spaced line below the table number. Give each table a brief but descriptive title, and capitalize the table title in an italic title case. headings: Tables may include a variety of headings depending on the nature and arrangement of the data. All tables should include column headings, including a stub heading (heading for the leftmost, or stub, column). The heading “Variable” is often used for the stub column if no other heading is suitable.
The table body may be single-spaced, one-and-a-half-spaced, or double-spaced. Left-align the information in the leftmost column or stub column of the table body (but center the heading). Three types of notes (general, specific, and probability) appear below the table as needed to describe contents of the table that cannot be understood from the table title or body alone (e.g., definitions of abbreviations, copyright attribution, explanations of asterisks used to indicate p values).

Figure: DJSA adopts APA Style figures
number: The figure number (e.g., Figure 1) appears above the figure title and image in bold font. Number figures in the order in which they are mentioned in your paper.
title: The figure title appears one double-spaced line below the figure number. Give each figure a brief but descriptive title, and capitalize the figure title in an italic title case.
image: The image portion of the figure is the graph, chart, photograph, drawing, or other illustration itself. If the text appears in the image of the figure (e.g., axis labels), use a sans serif font between 8 and 14 points.
legend: A figure legend, or key, if present, should be positioned within the borders of the figure and explains any symbols used in the figure image. Capitalize words in the figure legend in the title.
case note: Three types of notes (general, specific, and probability) can appear below the figure to describe contents of the figure that cannot be understood from the figure title, image, and/or legend alone (e.g., definitions of abbreviations, copyright attribution, explanations of asterisks use to indicate p values).
Include figure notes only as needed.

Privacy Statement

Nepal Journals Online (NepJOL) is a member of the Ubiquity Partner Network coordinated by Ubiquity Press. According to the EU definitions, NepJOL is the data controller, and Ubiquity Press are the service providers and data processors. Ubiquity Press provide the technical platform and some publishing services to NepJOL and operate under the principle of data minimisation where only the minimal amount of personal data that is required to carry out a task is obtained.

More information on the type of data that is required can be found in Ubiquity Press’ privacy policy below.

Ubiquity Press Privacy Policy

We take seriously our duty to process your personal data in a fair and transparent way. We collect and manage user data according to the following Privacy Policy. This document is part of our Terms of Service, and by using the press portal, affiliated journals, book, conference and repository websites (the “Websites”), you agree to the terms of this Privacy Policy and the Terms of Service. Please read the Terms of Service in their entirety, and refer to those for definitions and contacts.

What type of personal data do we handle?

There are four main categories of personal data stored by our journal platform, our press platform, and our book management system; Website User data, Author data, Reviewer data and Editor data.

The minimum personal data that are stored are:

  • full name
  • email address
  • affiliation (department, and institution)
  • country of residence

Optionally, the user can provide:

  • salutation
  • gender
  • associated URL
  • phone number
  • fax number
  • reviewing interests
  • mailing address
  • ORCiD
  • a short biography
  • interests
  • Twitter profile
  • LinkedIn profile
  • ImpactStory profile
  • profile picture

The data subjects have complete control of this data through their profile, and can request for it to be removed by contacting

What do we do to keep that data secure?

We regularly backup our databases, and we use reliable cloud service providers (Amazon, Google Cloud, Linode) to ensure they are kept securely. Backups are regularly rotated and the old data is permanently deleted. We have a clear internal data handling policy, restricting access to the data and backups to key employees only. In case of a data breach, we will report the breach to the affected users, and to the press/journal contacts within 72 hours.

How do we use the data?

Personal information is only used to deliver the services provided by the publisher. Personal data is not shared externally except for author names, affiliations, emails, and links to ORCiD and social media accounts (if provided) in published articles and books which are displayed as part of the article/book and shared externally to indexes and databases. If a journal operates under open peer review then the reviewer details are published alongside the reviewer details.

How we collect and use your data:

1. When using the website

1.1 what data we collect

  • When you browse our website, we collect anonymised data about your use of the website; for example, we collect information about which pages you view, which files you download, what browser you are using, and when you were using the site.
  • When you comment on an article or book using Disqus, we are not collecting, controlling or processing the data. More details on the DISQUS privacy policy can be found on their website.
  • When you annotate an article or book, this is done via a 3rd party plugin to the website called In using this plugin we are not collecting, controlling or processing the data. More details on the privacy policy can be found on their website.

1.2 why we collect the data

  • We use anonymised website usage data to monitor traffic, help fix bugs, and see overall patterns that inform future redesigns of the website, and provide reports on how frequently the publications on our site have been accessed from within their IP ranges.

1.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • We do not collect personal information that can be used to identify you when you browse the website.
  • We currently use Google Analytics for publication reports, and to improve the website and services through traffic analysis, but no personal identifying data is shared with Google (for example your computer’s IP is anonymised before transmission).

1.4 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • Please contact to request a copy of your data, or for your data to be removed/anonymised.

2. When registering as an author, and submitting an article or book

2.1 what data we collect

  • When registering an account we ask you to log in and provide certain personal information (such as your name and email address), and there is the option to register using an ORCiD which will pre-fill the registration form.
  • As part of submitting an article for publication, you will need to provide personally identifying information which will be used for the peer review process, and will be published. This can include ‘Affiliation’, ‘Competing interests’, ‘Acknowledgements’.

2.2 why we collect the data

  • Registering an account allows you to log in, manage your profile, and participate as an author/reviewer/editor. We use cookies and session information to streamline your use of the website (for example in order for you to remain logged-in when you return to a journal). You can block or delete cookies and still be able to use the websites, although if you do you will then need to enter your username and password to login. In order to take advantage of certain features of the websites, you may also choose to provide us with other personal information, such as your ORCiD, but your decision to utilize these features and provide such data will always be voluntary.
  • Personal data submitted with the article or book is collected to allow follow good publication ethics during the review process, and will form part of the official published record in order for the provenance of the work to be established, and for the work to be correctly attributed.

2.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • We do not share your personal information with third parties, other than as part of providing the publishing service.
  • As a registered author in the system you may be contacted by the journal editor to submit another article.
  • Any books published on the platform are freely available to download from the publisher website in PDF, EPUB and MOBI formats on the publisher’s site.
  • Any personal data accompanying an article or a book (that will have been added by the submitting author) is published alongside it. The published data includes the names, affiliations and email addresses of all authors.
  • Any articles published on the platform are freely available to download from the publisher website in various formats (e.g. PDF, XML).
  • Ubiquity Press books and articles are typeset by SiliconChips and Diacritech.This process involves them receiving the book and book associated metadata and contacting the authors to finalise the layout. Ubiquity Press work with these suppliers to ensure that personal data is only used for the purposes of typesetting and proofing.
  • For physical purchases of books on the platform Ubiquity Press use print on demand services via Lightning Source who are responsible for printing and distribution via retailers. (For example; Amazon, Book Repository, Waterstones). Lightning Source’s privacy policy and details on data handling can be found on their website.

2.4 why we store the data

  • We store the account data so that you may choose to become a reviewer and be able to perform those tasks, or to become an author and submit an article and then track progress of that article.
  • Published personal data that accompanies an article or a book forms part of the official published record in order for the provenance of the work to be established, and for the work to be correctly attributed.

2.5 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • You are able to view, change and remove your data associated with your profile. Should you choose to completely delete your account, please contact us at and we will follow up with your request as soon as possible.
  • To conform to publication ethics and best practice any personal data that is published alongside an article or book cannot be removed. If you have a query about a publication to which you are attributed please contact

3. When registering as a reviewer

3.1 what data we collect

  • To become a reviewer you must first register as a user on the website, and set your preference that you would like to be considered as a reviewer. No new personal data is collected when a registered user elects to become a reviewer.
  • When registering an account we ask you to log in and provide certain personal information (such as your name and email address), and there is the option to register using an ORCiD which will pre-fill the registration form.
  • Reviewers can also be registered by editors who invite them to review a specific article. This requires the editor to provide the reviewer’s First Name, Last Name, and Email address. Normally this will be done as part of the process of inviting you to review the article or book.
  • On submitting a review, the reviewer includes a competing interest statement, they may answer questions about the quality of the article, and they will submit their recommendation.

3.2 why we collect the data

  • The data entered is used to invite the reviewer to peer review the article or book, and to contact the reviewer during and the review process.
  • If you submit a review then the details of your review, including your recommendation, your responses to any review form, your free-form responses, your competing interests statement, and any cover letter are recorded.

3.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • This data is not shared publicly and is only accessible by the Editor and system administrators of that journal or press.
  • The data will only be used in connection with that journal or press.
  • Data that is retained post final decision is kept to conform to publication ethics and best practice, to provide evidence of peer review, and to resolve any disputes relating to the peer review of the article or book.
  • For journals or presses that publish the peer reviews, you will be asked to give consent to your review being published, and a subset of the data you have submitted will become part of the published record.

3.4 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • If you would no longer like to be registered as a reviewer you can edit your profile and tick the box ‘stop being a reviewer’. This will remove you from the reviewer database, however any existing reviews you may have carried out will remain.
  • If you have been contacted by an editor to peer review an article this means that you have been registered in the system. If you would not like to be contacted for peer review you can reply to the email requesting that your data be deleted.

4. When being registered as a co-author

4.1 what data we collect

  • Co-author data is entered by the submitting author. The submitting author will already have a user account. According to standard publishing practice, the submitting author is responsible for obtaining the consent of their co-authors to be included (including having their personal data included) in the article/book being submitted to the journal/press.
  • The requested personal data for co-authors are at the bare minimum; first name, last name, institution, country, email address. This can also include; ORCID ID, Title, Middle Name, Biographical Statement, Department, Twitter Handle, Linkedin Profile Name or ImpactStory ID.

4.2 why we collect the data

  • Assuming that it is accepted for publication, this data forms part of the official published record in order for the provenance of the work to be established, and for the work to be correctly attributed.
  • Author names, affiliations and emails are required for publication and will become part of the permanent cited record.

4.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • The co-author’s personal data is stored in the author database. This personal data is only used in relation to the publication of the associated article.
  • Any co-author data collected is added to the author database and is only used in association with the article the user is co-author on.

4.5 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • To receive a copy of your data, please contact
  • To conform to publication ethics and best practice any personal data that is published alongside an article or book cannot be removed. If you have a query about a publication to which you are attributed please contact

5. When signing-up to receive newsletters

5.1 what data we collect

  • We require you to include your name and email address

5.2 why we collect and store the data, and for how long

  • This data would be collected to keep you updated with any news about the platform or specific journal

5.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • We use mailchimp to provide our mailing list services. Their privacy policy can be found here

5.4 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data or want your data to be removed

  • All emails sent via our newsletter client will include a link that will allow you to unsubscribe from the mailing list

Notification about change of ownership or of control of data

We may choose to buy or sell assets. In the case that control of data changes to or from Ubiquity Press and a third party, or in the case of change of ownership of Ubiquity Press or of part of the business where the control of personal data is transferred, we will do our best to inform all affected users and present the options.

(Updated: 18 May 2018)