Psychological Trauma in Anand’s Across the Black Waters

Authors

  • Kishor Dhungana Assistant Professor, (English), Department of Science and Humanities, Nepal Engineering College, Affiliated to Pokhara University, Nepal.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/shantij.v3i1-2.60855

Keywords:

Dislocation, Psychological trauma, Sepoy, Alienation, Dislocation Disintegration

Abstract

This paper explores the issue of psychological trauma in Mulk Raj Anand’s novel “Across  the Black Waters,” shedding light on the profound impact of World War I on Indian  soldiers under British rule. Central to the narrative is Lalu, a sepoy whose journey unveils  the stark realities of trench warfare, the constant specter of death, and the brutalities  of battle. The soldiers navigate the complex terrain of dislocation and alienation, torn  between allegiance to their homeland and serving the British Empire, all while contending  with prejudice within the military hierarchy. The aftermath of the war reverberates in  the soldiers’ lives, marked by the enduring symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder  (PTSD)—nightmares, flashbacks, anxiety, and depression. Through the lens of Lalu’s  perspective, this paper exposes the emotional toll exacted on these individuals amidst  the multifaceted challenges of war and colonialism. Importantly, the paper employs  a novel approach, applying trauma theory as a conceptual framework to delve into the psychological dimensions of the narrative, thereby offering a nuanced understanding of the  characters’ experiences in “Across the Black Waters.”  

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
67
PDF
95

Downloads

Published

2023-12-29

How to Cite

Dhungana, K. (2023). Psychological Trauma in Anand’s Across the Black Waters . Shanti Journal, 3(1-2), 124–141. https://doi.org/10.3126/shantij.v3i1-2.60855

Issue

Section

Articles