Factors of the Inflation in Nepal

Authors

  • Reem Prasad Humagai PMC TU

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ppj.v3i01.59007

Keywords:

nominal exchange rate, Inflation, Consumers Price Index, money supply M2, Real GDP, Nepal Inflation, Indian inflation, Money supply (M2),, government deficit

Abstract

This study examines the impacts of macroeconomic variables on the inflation in Nepal during 1975-2022. The variables considered for the study is limited to the use of broad money supply, real GDP, Indian prices. The results suggest that all variables considered are significant in long run implying that these variables are the determinants of inflation in Nepal. The results are consistent with monetary theory. The money supply and Indian prices cause inflation in the long-run based on an Ordinary Least Squares regression model. The empirical results show that in the long-run, the major determinants of inflation in Nepal are Indian inflation (0.453), real income (0.347),and exchange rate (0.224). In addition, Indian inflation (0.286), the exchange rate (0.141), and government deficit (0.039) have significant effects in the short-run. Finally, the error correction term is found to be negative and statistically significant suggesting a correction of short-run disequilibrium within two years.

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Author Biography

Reem Prasad Humagai, PMC TU

Economics Department

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Published

2023-10-09

How to Cite

Humagai, R. P. (2023). Factors of the Inflation in Nepal. Patan Prospective Journal, 3(01), 106–115. https://doi.org/10.3126/ppj.v3i01.59007

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Articles