Soil fertility status of agricultural land in mid-hill of Gorkha District, Nepal


  • Ashok Kumar Shrestha Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University
  • Binod Dawadi Central Department of Hydrology and Meteorology, Tribhuvan University
  • Sabitri Shrestha Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
  • Kishor Kumar Maharjan Tri-Chandra Multiple Campus, Tribhuvan University
  • Rabin Malla Center of Research for Environment, Energy and Water, Baluwatar, Kathmandu



Lowland, Nepal, Soil nutrient index, Upland agriculture


Soil fertility management in agricultural land is challenging in hilly areas of Nepal. The study assesses the soil fertility status of Bari (upland) and Khet (lowland) agriculture land in Mid-hill of Gorkha district. Altogether 30 samples were collected from soil surface (0 to 20 cm) by using hand shovel in January, 2017. The soil fertility parameters like pH, organic matter (OM), total nitrogen (TN), available phosphorus (P) and available potassium (K) were analyzed using standard methods in the laboratory of Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University. Results revealed that an average pH in upland (6.62) was higher than the lowland (5.94). Similarly, OM (3.95%) and K (36.49 kgha-1) were relatively high in upland. In addition, pH, OM and available K were significantly varied at p<0.05 in upland and lowland soils, however, there is no significant difference in TN and available P. In addition, soil nutrient index showed that status of available K in both types of land is low, while OM and TN are medium soil quality in upland and lowland soil. The use of organic fertilizer and improved farming system can maintain and sustain soil fertility for crop growth and yield. Understanding distribution of soil nutrients in the study area might be useful for planners to make effective soil fertilizer management strategies.


Download data is not yet available.




How to Cite

Shrestha, A. K., Dawadi, B., Shrestha, S., Maharjan, K. K., & Malla, R. (2018). Soil fertility status of agricultural land in mid-hill of Gorkha District, Nepal. Nepal Journal of Environmental Science, 6, 9–16.



Research Articles