Assessment of Fluoride Level in Drinking Water Sources of Jumla, Nepal

Authors

  • Kabiraj Poudel Karnali Academy of Health Sciences, Jumla, Nepal
  • Sudeep Subedi Private Practitioner
  • Merika Banskota Karnali Academy of Health Sciences, Jumla, Nepal
  • Bishow Raj Timalsina Karnali Academy of Health Sciences, Jumla, Nepal
  • Kushal Bhattarai Karnali Academy of Health Sciences, Jumla, Nepal
  • Nabin Thapa Karnali Academy of Health Sciences, Jumla, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jnapd.v3i2.57661

Keywords:

Dental caries, drinking water, fluoride concentration, Jumla, Nepal

Abstract

Introduction: Dental caries is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases. Though, preventable recent trend shows an increase in the prevalence of dental caries in developing country like Nepal. Optimal level of Fluoride in drinking water has a proven effect of preventing dental caries.

Objective: The objective of this study was to estimate the amount of fluoride in drinking water of Jumla, Nepal.

Methods: This study was an observational cross-sectional study conducted from August to September 2022 during which 78 drinking water samples were collected from different randomly selected wards of one municipality and seven rural municipality of Jumla district using simple random sampling technique. The drinking water sample for fluoride level of different area was analyzed and interpreted using SPADNS colorimetric method which is set as standard by American Public Health Association.

Results: A total of 78 samples were collected from distinctive drinking water sources of randomly selected wards of 7 rural municipality and a municipality. Out of 78 samples collected, only 5 samples (6.41%) had a fluoride concentration of more than 0.5mg/L. The highest fluoride concentration was 1.31mg/L. The overall mean (±SD) fluoride concentration of Jumla district was 0.20(±0.24). The median (Q1-Q3) concentration of fluoride in drinking water of Jumla district was estimated to be 0.11mg/L (0.05-0.29).

Conclusions: This study estimated the fluoride level in drinking water of Jumla district to be below the optimal level and shows the importance of water fluoridation in order to prevent dental caries.

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Author Biographies

Kabiraj Poudel, Karnali Academy of Health Sciences, Jumla, Nepal

Lecturer, Department of Dental Surgery

Sudeep Subedi, Private Practitioner

Consultant

Merika Banskota, Karnali Academy of Health Sciences, Jumla, Nepal

Dental Surgeon, Department of Dental Surgery

Bishow Raj Timalsina, Karnali Academy of Health Sciences, Jumla, Nepal

Lecturer, Department of Opthalmology

Kushal Bhattarai, Karnali Academy of Health Sciences, Jumla, Nepal

Associate Professor, Department of Biochemistry

Nabin Thapa, Karnali Academy of Health Sciences, Jumla, Nepal

Lecturer, Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care

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Published

2022-12-31

How to Cite

Poudel, K., Subedi, S., Banskota, M., Timalsina, B. R., Bhattarai, K., & Thapa, N. (2022). Assessment of Fluoride Level in Drinking Water Sources of Jumla, Nepal. Journal of Nepalese Association of Pediatric Dentistry, 3(2), 14–19. https://doi.org/10.3126/jnapd.v3i2.57661

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Section

Original Articles