Screening of Antibiotic producing Actinomycetes for Antibiosis from soil of Sunsari, Nepal

Authors

  • Dhiren Subba Limbu aDepartment of Microbiology, Central Campus of Technology, Tribhuvan University, Dharan, Nepal
  • Ramesh Majhi Department of Microbiology, Central Campus of Technology, Tribhuvan University, Dharan, Nepal
  • ShivNandan Sah Department of Microbiology, Central Campus of Technology, Tribhuvan University, Dharan, Nepal
  • Kamana Bantawa Department of Microbiology, Central Campus of Technology, Tribhuvan University, Dharan, Nepal
  • Bishan Rai Department of Microbiology, Central Campus of Technology, Tribhuvan University, Dharan, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/hijost.v7i1.61136

Keywords:

Actinomycetes, Antibacterial activity, Minimum inhibitory, concentration, Thin layer chromatography

Abstract

Actinomycetes, slow-growing gram-positive bacteria, are useful in the search for bioactive compounds. A total of 24 different actinomycete strains were recovered from farming soil samples collected from the Sunsari district. The isolates were then tested against two gram-positive and three gram-negative bacteria. Results showed that 21% of all isolates are antibacterial at least, one of the test organisms, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Salmonella Typhi, and Pseudomonas spp. According to antibacterial activity and spectrum broadness, one of the isolates (S11) was selected for secondary screening. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of crude antibacterial substances extracted from the broth culture of the isolate (S11) was found to be 1.3 mg/ml against test organisms. The chromatogram in TLC showed only one spot with an Rf value of 0.87 by the isolate suggesting that the isolate produced only one compound which was utterly different from the spot with an Rf value of 0.94 paid by gentamycin. According to identification by Microscopy (1000X) and overall biochemical, and physiological characteristics, the isolate was considered Streptomyces antibioticus, a distinct taxonomic group.

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Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

Limbu, D. S., Majhi, R., Sah, S., Bantawa, K., & Rai, B. (2023). Screening of Antibiotic producing Actinomycetes for Antibiosis from soil of Sunsari, Nepal. Himalayan Journal of Science and Technology, 7(1), 101–109. https://doi.org/10.3126/hijost.v7i1.61136

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Section

Original Research Articles