Prevalence and pattern of hand eczema in a tertiary referral hospital of Nepal

Authors

  • Rushma Shrestha Department of Dermatology, National Academy of Medical Sciences, Bir Hospital, Kathmandu
  • Anupama Karki Department of Dermatology, National Academy of Medical Sciences, Bir Hospital, Kathmandu

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/gmj.v1i2.27115

Keywords:

Hand eczema, Itch, Spongiosis

Abstract

 Background: Hand eczema is a very common condition that has a significant effect on an individual’s life in terms of daily functioning including various occupations. Studies show that the point prevalence of hand eczema is around 4% and the lifetime prevalence is 15%.

Objective: The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence and pattern of hand eczemas in patients attending the Dermatology outpatient department of Bir hospital.

Materials and methods: This is a retrospective study, where all the cases of hand eczema who presented to the Dermatology Out-Patient Department of Bir Hospital during the period from Baisakh 2075 till Chaitra 2075 B.S were recorded.

Results: Eczema was diagnosed in 5,100 new cases (15.74%) and among them, hand eczema was seen in 494 cases, which accounts for 9.68% of all eczemas. The mean age was 37.43 years. Out of all the hand eczemas recorded, 334 (67.6%) were unspecified hand eczemas, pompholyx was seen in 92 (18.6%) cases, chronic hand eczema in 27 (5.5%), contact dermatitis in 20 (4%) patients and finger tip eczema was seen in 15 (3%) cases.

Conclusion: Hand eczema is one of the common dermatological conditions. Our study showed the prevalence of hand eczema to be 9.68%.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
461
pdf
179

Downloads

Published

2019-12-31

Issue

Section

Census Data & Epidemiology