The Gendered Implication of Declining Spring Sources in the Rangun Watershed Area

Authors

  • Anju Pandit College of Science & Engineering, Flinders University, South Australia
  • Okke Batelaan College of Science & Engineering, Flinders University, South Australia
  • Smrittee Kala Panta Samriddhi Agriculture Research and Development, Godawari, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Vishnu Prasad Pandey Pulchowk Campus. Institute of Engineering. Tribhuvan University, Center for Water Resources Studies, Institute of Engineering, Tribhuvan University, Nepal
  • Sanot Adhikari Youth Alliance for Environment, Baluwatar, Kathmandu, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/fwr.v1i2.62134

Keywords:

gender sensitive, Women, climate change, poverty

Abstract

Rangun Khola watershed of Mahakali River Basin, located in Dadeldhura District in the mid[1]hill region of Nepal, serves as a model watershed for the region’s challenges associated with climate change. Springs are the lifeline for human survival and ecosystems in such watersheds. Data of spring discharge change of 1,122 springs in the region between 1998 and 2008 estimated using recall method showed that spring sources are drying up raising critical concern not only in terms of ecological wellbeing but also in terms of the community’s access to water. This study used data collected from focus group discussions and household survey to evaluate the gender implications of such dwindling spring sources in the watershed area. Results show that historically, women have been managing the majority of the family’s water demands. Due to declining spring water sources, women are becoming more time impoverished due to the lengthier time required for water collection, which has an effect on their own and their family’ well-being. Limited participation from women, the population most directly affected by climate change was found in local adaptation planning procedures. This study adds evidence of the gendered effects of climate change and advocates for the promotion of gender-responsive local adaptation planning in the water management sector.

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Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

Pandit, A., Batelaan, O., Panta, S. K., Pandey, V. P., & Adhikari, S. (2023). The Gendered Implication of Declining Spring Sources in the Rangun Watershed Area. Far Western Review, 1(2), 101–116. https://doi.org/10.3126/fwr.v1i2.62134

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Section

Articles