Predictors of Low Birth Weight Neonates Delivered in a Hospital of Rupandehi, Nepal

Authors

  • Anuja Kachapati Universal College of Nursing Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Kavita Lamichhane Universal College of Nursing Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Saraj Gurung Universal College of Nursing Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Nagendra Chaudhary Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Sharmila Bhandari Universal College of Nursing Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Narayan Bahadur GC Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Deepanjali Sharma Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jucms.v10i02.51291

Keywords:

Prevalence, Predictors and Low birth weight neonates

Abstract

INTRODUCTION Low birth weight has been defined by World Health Organization (WHO) as weight at birth of <2500 grams (5.5 pounds). Low birth weight is more common in developing than developed countries. Intrauterine growth restriction, prematurity or both cause low birth weight. It contributes to a range of poor health outcomes and it is closely associated with fetal and neonatal mortality and morbidity, inhibited growth and cognitive development, and Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs) later in life. Low birth weight infants are about 20 times more likely to die than heavier infants.

MATERIAL AND METHODS A cross-sectional design was used to find out the prevalence and predictors of low birth weight among 327 singleton neonates delivered in a Universal College of Medical Sciences, Teaching Hospital, Bhairahawa, Nepal by using Enumerative sampling technique. Semi-structured, pre-tested interview and record report was used to collect data and analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics with SPSS version 16.

RESULTS The study findings revealed that the prevalence of low birth weight is 28.5% and there is statistically significant association between parity (p= <0.000), mode of delivery (p= 0.001), ANC visit (p= 0.016), iron supplement (p=<0.000), tablet calcium (p=<0.000), tablet albendazole (p=0.023), food taboos (p= 0.058), rest at night (0.000), alcohol (0.015) during pregnancy parity (p= <0.000), mode of delivery (p= 0.001), ANC visit (p= 0.016), and low birth weight neonates.

CONCLUSION The study concluded that the factors those were associated with low birth weight, which can be prevented at pregnancy period through good prenatal care and intervention programs such as health education on diet, rest, time to time check up, taking medicines, early identification of complication.

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Author Biographies

Anuja Kachapati, Universal College of Nursing Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

 

 

Nagendra Chaudhary, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Pediatrics 

Deepanjali Sharma, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology

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Published

2022-12-31

How to Cite

Kachapati, A., Lamichhane, K., Gurung, S., Chaudhary, N., Bhandari, S., GC, N. B., & Sharma, D. (2022). Predictors of Low Birth Weight Neonates Delivered in a Hospital of Rupandehi, Nepal. Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences, 10(02), 7–11. https://doi.org/10.3126/jucms.v10i02.51291

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Original Articles