Association Between Acne Vulgaris and Body Mass Index - A Cross Sectional Study in Tertiary Hospital of Western Nepal
Keywords:Acne vulgaris, BMI, Obesity, Overweight
INTRODUCTION Acne vulgaris is a chronic inﬂammatory disease of pilosebaceous duct mainly affecting adolescents. There is conﬂicting data regarding association between acne and body mass index (BMI). The main objective was to ﬁnd the association between different grades of acne and BMI.
MATERIAL AND METHODS We conducted a cross-sectional observational study involving 251 patients with acne vulgaris. Severity of acne vulgaris was assessed using simple grading system and WHO reference was used for classiﬁcation of body mass index (BMI). Data was analyzed using SPSS, version 20. p value of less than 0.05 was considered statically signiﬁcant.
RESULTS The study included 149 females (59.4%) and 102 males (40.6%). Acne vulgaris is recorded in 47.8% in age group12-20 years, followed by 44.6% in age group 21-30 years and 7.6% in age group 31-40 years. Grade 2 acne vulgaris was the most common (47%), followed by grade 3 (24.7%), grade1 (16.7%), and grade 4 (11.6%). About 49.4% of acne vulgaris patient had normal BMI, 19.5% had obesity. There was no signiﬁcant association between different grades of acne vulgaris and BMI (p=0.07).
CONCLUSION There was no signficant association beween severetiy of acne and BMI.
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