Anaemia in Pregnancy, Severity and Outcome in Lumbini Province, Nepal

Authors

  • Deepanjali Sharma Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Manoj Lamsal Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Jigyasa Subedi Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Tara KC Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Hasina Banu Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Bekha Laxmi Manandhar Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jucms.v10i02.51245

Keywords:

Anemia, Pregnancy, Outcome

Abstract

INTRODUCTION Anemia is common nutritional deficiency disorder in pregnant women. It is important cause of morbidity and mortality among pregnant women. We evaluated pregnant women presenting to UCMS-TH with hemoglobin level less than 9 gm/dl with reference to maternal and fetal outcome.

MATERIAL AND METHODS Total of 255 women presenting with moderate to severe anemia at our hospital were evaluated. Demographic profile of patients, maternal outcomes and fetal outcomes were evaluated.

RESULTS Most of patients were from rural area (78%) of which majority (69.8%) were unbooked. Severe anemia was present in 16.5% cases. Maternal complications included preterm labor (23.1%), post partum hemorrhage (19.2%), wound infection (8.6%), ante partum hemorrhage (5.5%), intensive care unit admission (4.3%) and mortality (0.4%). Fetal outcomes included neonatal intensive care unit admission (29.8%), intrauterine growth restriction  (9%) and neonatal death (7.5%).

CONCLUSION Severity of anemia associated with significant increase in PPH, preterm delivery, ICU admission and heart failure.

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Author Biographies

Deepanjali Sharma, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology

Manoj Lamsal, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology 

Jigyasa Subedi, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology 

Tara KC, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology 

Hasina Banu, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology 

Bekha Laxmi Manandhar , Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology 

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Published

2022-12-31

How to Cite

Sharma, D., Lamsal, M., Subedi, J., KC, T., Banu, H., & Manandhar , B. L. (2022). Anaemia in Pregnancy, Severity and Outcome in Lumbini Province, Nepal . Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences, 10(02), 3–6. https://doi.org/10.3126/jucms.v10i02.51245

Issue

Section

Original Articles