Clinical Profile of Acute Pancreatitis
Keywords:Abdominal Pain, Acute Pancreatitis, Clinical Presentation, Gall stone
Background and objectives: Acute pancreatitis is a disorder that has a wide-ranging presentation, etiology, multifactorial pathogenesisandclinicalconsequencesfrommildselflimitingtoseverelife threatening. The aim of this study is to evaluate demographic characteristics, etiology, clinical presentation and its management.
Materials and methods: This retrospective study was carried out in Department of Surgery of National Medical College and Teaching Hospital. A total of45 patients with diagnosis as acute pancreatitis over period of March 2020 to February 2022 were included in this study. History and detailed clinical examination was performed as per the working proforma which included. Chi square test were used for correlation analysis. Data analysis was done using SPSS (Statistical Package for social sciences), version 25.
Results: Most of acute pancreatitis were seen in 20-39 years of age group with mean age of 39.7 years. 66.6% patients were female. Gall stone was the most common cause (71.1% patients) of pancreatitis. Abdominal pain was the most common mode of presentation, and tenderness the most common sign. Most of the patients were managed conservatively. Median hospital stay was 9 days.
Conclusion: Acute pancreatitis is a common cause of acute abdomen in patients presenting to the emergency department. Gall stone is the most common cause of acute pancreatitis .Clinical diagnosis along with biochemical and radiological findings are required for diagnosis .The management is mainly conservative.
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© JMCJMS, JMC, Janakpur, Nepal