Study of the Variations of Asterion, Pterion & Inion in Human Dry Skulls & its Anthropological importance


  • Sudeep Kumar Yadav Department of Anatomy, Peoples Dental College
  • Anusuya Shrestha Department of Anatomy, IOM, TU
  • Niraj Pandey Department of Anatomy,Devdaha Medical College And Research Institute, Nepal
  • Bijendra Prasad Yadav Department of Anatomy, Gandaki Medical College, Nepal
  • Pranav Yadav Department of Anatomy, UCMS, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Amrita Sharma Department of Anatomy, National medical College, birgunj
  • Sarita Yadav Department of Anatomy, Peoples Dental College, Ktm, Nepal
  • Urmila Yadav Everest nursing College



Asterion Mastoid, Lateral Fontanelle, Mastoid Suture, Occipito-mastoid, Parieto mastoid sutures, Pterion, Sutural bones, Unknown Skulls


Background and objectives: Asterion is the meeting point of three bones namely parietal, temporal and occipital bones in the norma lateralis of all human skulls the variations showed a pattern of formations. Pterion is the point of convergence of the sutures between the frontal, sphenoid, parietal and squamous temporal bones. Asterion have profound surgical importance. 

Materials and methods: Good intact skulls from different medical college of Nepal were used for the present study. Each skull was studied in detail regarding the formation of Asterion, Pterion on both sides and associated findings were observed. Sixty eight dry unknown human skulls constituted the materials for the present study. The observation was made on Asterion, Pterion & Inion. This study was done in the departments of Anatomy in different medical colleges of Nepal between the years 2019-2021.

Results: Incidence of asterion with wormian bones  on the right side  was 4.41% that of the left side 5.88%. More number of H shaped pterion on the right side [80.82%} than on left side [70.94%).  Presence of Wormian bones more on the right  side [7.69%] than on the left side [2.94%) were observed.

Conclusion: The knowledge of the formation of asterion and the presence of wormian bones in the sutures at the site and its effect should be known not only to the Anatomists but also to the Radiologist and the Neurosurgeons because it has profound neurosurgical importance. Hence this study has been done and reported.


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How to Cite

Yadav, S. K., Shrestha, A., Pandey, N., Yadav, B. P., Yadav, P., Sharma, A., Yadav, S., & Yadav, U. (2022). Study of the Variations of Asterion, Pterion & Inion in Human Dry Skulls & its Anthropological importance. Janaki Medical College Journal of Medical Science, 10(2), 23–27.



Research Articles