Self-reported low back pain intensity and interferences among three-wheel drivers in Southwest of Ethiopia: A Community-Based Cross-sectional Study

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ijosh.v13i4.51657

Keywords:

Chronic pain, Low back pain, Pain management, Three wheel drivers

Abstract

Introduction: Low back pain is one of the most reported conditions among vehicle drivers. However, there is a paucity of information about low back pain experiences among three-wheel drivers in Ethiopia. This study aimed to determine the low back pain experience among three-wheel drivers in Ethiopia Jimma City, Southwest Ethiopia.

Methods: A Community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 1-25, 2020 among 396 samples. Computer generated simple random sampling method was employed to get the required sample. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data. The data was checked for completeness, coded, cleaned and entered into Epi-data version 3.1 and exported to SPSS version 23 for analysis. Data was analyzed using mean and standard deviations for continuous and proportions for categorical variables. Binary and multivariable logistic regression was used to see an association between dependent and independent variables. P-value <0.05 at 95% CI was declared statistically significant.

Results: Of 396 study participants, 26.26% of them had low back pain at any time among which, 73.1% reported pain in the last 24 hours.  Regarding pain intensity in 24 hours, the mean ± standard deviation of worst pain was 5.3 ± 2.5.  The independent variables significantly associated with low back pain along with their adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval) were: age 3.45 (1.98, 6.03), educational status: 1.96 (1.07, 3.59), physical exercise: 0.52 (0.31, 0.86) drinking alcohol: 2.32 (1.22, 4.39) and working hours: 0.32 (0.13, 0.83).

Conclusion: The three-wheel drivers experienced moderate to severe low back pain and moderate to severe functional and emotional interferences. More than half of the participants reported the worst pain experience within 24 hours. Age, educational status, physical exercise, drinking alcohol and working hours were significantly associated with low back pain.

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Author Biographies

Ebissa Bayana Kebede, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia

School of Nursing, Institute of health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
E-mail: ebisabayana@ymail.com

Yonas Biratu Terfa, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia

School of Nursing, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
E-mail: ayalunegash@gmail.com

Abdisa Eba Tucho, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia

School of Nursing, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
E-mail: badhaasaolii@yahoo.com

Gugsa Nemera Germossa, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia

School of Nursing, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
E-mail: gnemera33@gmail.com

Fikadu Balcha Hailu, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia

School of Nursing, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
E-mail: fikaadubaalchaa87@gmail.com

Birhanu Abdisa, Jimma University, Jimma,Oromiya, Ethiopia

School of Medicine, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Oromiya, Ethiopia
E-mail: biranuabdisa8@gmail.com

Selam Ayele Mamo, Jimma University, Jimma, Oromiya, Ethiopia

School of Nursing, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Oromiya, Ethiopia
E-mail: wabiituraa@gmail.com

Mestawet Getachew Enbakom, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia

School Pharmacy, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
E-mail: nattimosiis@gmail.com

Adugna Olani Akuma, Institute of Health Sciences, Nekemte, Oromiya, Ethiopia

Department of Nursing, Wollega University, Institute of Health Sciences, Nekemte, Oromiya, Ethiopia
E-mail: ebhioliitii@gmail.com

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Published

2023-10-10

How to Cite

Kebede, E. B., Terfa, Y. B., Tucho, A. E., Germossa, G. N., Hailu, F. B., Abdisa, B., Mamo, S. A., Enbakom, M. G., & Akuma, A. O. (2023). Self-reported low back pain intensity and interferences among three-wheel drivers in Southwest of Ethiopia: A Community-Based Cross-sectional Study. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, 13(4), 512–520. https://doi.org/10.3126/ijosh.v13i4.51657

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Original Articles