Lifestyle as an Indicator of Central Obesity in Coal Mining Workers from Indonesia

Authors

  • Ratna Setyaningrum Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Lambung Mangkurat University, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8940-9416
  • Mufatihatul Aziza Nisa Faculty of Medicine, Lambung Mangkurat University, Banjarbaru, Kalimantan Selatan, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1566-6476
  • Gusti Firdha Amalia Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Lambung Mangkurat University, Indonesia
  • Widya Wati Rahmadani Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Lambung Mangkurat University, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Arwi Firdaus Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ijosh.v12i3.40920

Keywords:

Lifestyle, indicator, central obesity, mining

Abstract

Introduction: Central obesity is an indicator of several non-communicable diseases, influenced by a lifestyle with low physical activity and foods consumption. Statistics in Indonesia showed that central obesity was 3.70% causing death in coal mining workers. However, few studies examine the risk factors for coal mining workers in Indonesia. Thus, this study aims to determine lifestyle indicators of central obesity in coal mining workers.

Methods: It was a cross-sectional study, measuring abdominal circumference with a tape measure, using a standard questionnaire for risk factors of central obesity (age, family history, smoking habits, exercise habits, drinking alcohol habits, and food frequency). The sample was 22 workers of a coal mining company in Indonesia and data collection was done in November 2021.

Results: All respondents were male, were not drinking alcohol, were less than 40 years old (55%), and most had no family history, but five percent (5%) had a family history of diabetes mellitus. Smokers (54.5%), light category smokers (33.3%) with a smoking duration of less than ten years (55.6%), having the habit of exercising less than two times a week, more than equal to 30 minutes per day. Among respondents, most of them consumed eating steamed rice (86.4%), chicken cooked 'habang' (40.9%), tofu (31.8%), kale (54.4%), apples (63.6%), and fried foods (45.5%). Lifestyles that have a relationship with central obesity are the length of exercise per day (0.003), the frequency of eating bread (0.033), and bananas (0.026).

Conclusion: Indicators of central obesity can be prevented by monitoring indicators of lifestyle factors (exercising habits, frequency of eating bread, and bananas).

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Author Biographies

Ratna Setyaningrum, Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Lambung Mangkurat University, Indonesia

Lecturer and Head, Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Lambung Mangkurat University, Banjararu, Kalimantan Selatan, Indonesia

E-mail: ratnasetyaningrum@ulm.ac.id

Mufatihatul Aziza Nisa, Faculty of Medicine, Lambung Mangkurat University, Banjarbaru, Kalimantan Selatan, Indonesia

Lecturer, Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Lambung Mangkurat University, Banjarbaru, Kalimantan Selatan, Indonesia

E-mail: mufatihatul.nisa@ulm.ac.id

Gusti Firdha Amalia, Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Lambung Mangkurat University, Indonesia

Research Assistant, Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Lambung Mangkurat University, Banjararu, Kalimantan Selatan, Indonesia

E-mail: gustifirhda@gmail.com

Widya Wati Rahmadani, Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Lambung Mangkurat University, Indonesia

Research Assistant, Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Lambung Mangkurat University, Banjararu, Kalimantan Selatan, Indonesia

E-mail: widyawatirahmadani98@gmail.com

Muhammad Arwi Firdaus, Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Indonesia

Student, Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Lambung Mangkurat University, Banjararu, Kalimantan Selatan, Indonesia

E-mail: muhammadarwifirdaus@gmail.com

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Published

2022-06-27

How to Cite

Setyaningrum, R., Nisa, M. A., Amalia, G. F., Rahmadani, W. W., & Firdaus, M. A. (2022). Lifestyle as an Indicator of Central Obesity in Coal Mining Workers from Indonesia. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, 12(3), 180–184. https://doi.org/10.3126/ijosh.v12i3.40920

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Original Articles