DNA Barcoding of Dendrobium moschatum (Banks) Sw. Specimen from Makawanpur, Central Nepal

Authors

  • Madhu Shudan Thapa Magar Department of Plant Resources, Thapathali, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Seerjana Maharjan Department of Plant Resources, Thapathali, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Januka Pathak Department of Plant Resources, Thapathali, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Ganga Rijal Department of Plant Resources, Thapathali, Kathmandu, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/bdpr.v20i2.57001

Keywords:

Accessions, Dendrobium, Evolutionary tree, Molecular markers, Plastome

Abstract

The genus Dendrobium, with sparse distribution in nature, is one of the largest genera of Orchidaceae. DNA barcoding could be the best option for rapid and accurate identification of the Dendrobium species. The objective of the present study is to delineate the Dendrobium species using DNA barcoding technology. Here, we used a specimen of Dendrobium sp. collected from Brindaban Botanical Garden, Makawanpur (540 m asl) as a test object. We amplified and sequenced three chloroplast loci, rbcL (Ribulose-1,5- bisphosphate carboxylase), matK (Maturase K) and psbA-trnH (intergenic spacer) from the specimen. We retrieved twelve accessions of plastome sequences from NCBI, representing six Dendrobium species (D. candidum, D. crepidatum, D. chrysanthum, D. denneanum, D. fimbriatum and D. moschatum) reported in Nepal. Similarly, one accession of plastome of Bulbophyllum epiphytum was also retrieved, to be used as an out-group. Respective aligned sequences of rbcL, matK and psbA-trnH were extracted from each accession. Evolutionary analysis was performed following the Maximum Likelihood approach using MEGA X. The result showed that the evolutionary tree generated with combined sequences of all three loci (rbcL, matK and psbA-trnH) was better compared to that generated with sequence of single locus. However, additional markers are required for higher accuracy.

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Published

2022-12-31

How to Cite

Thapa Magar, M. S., Maharjan, S., Pathak, J., & Rijal, G. (2022). DNA Barcoding of Dendrobium moschatum (Banks) Sw. Specimen from Makawanpur, Central Nepal. Journal of Plant Resources, 20(2), 124–129. https://doi.org/10.3126/bdpr.v20i2.57001