Journal of Plant Resources https://nepjol.info/index.php/BDPR <p>In 2017, the Bulletin of the Department of Plant Resources changed its name to the <strong>Journal of Plant Resources</strong>.</p> <p>A scientific publication of the Department of Plant Resources, Ministry of Forests and Environment, Government of Nepal, Thapathali, Kathmandu, Nepal.</p> en-US info@dpr.gov.np (Nishanta Shrestha) sioux.cumming@ubiquitypress.com (Sioux Cumming) Thu, 03 Aug 2023 13:07:52 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.6 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 New Record of Fungi Cerotelium malvicola (Speg.) Dietel (Uredinales) Parasitic on Hibiscus Species from Nepal https://nepjol.info/index.php/BDPR/article/view/57189 <p>Recently a rust fungi (Uredinales) identified as <em>Cerotelium malvicola </em>(Speg.) Dietel parasitic on <em>Hibiscus </em>species is reported as new addition to fungi of Nepal.</p> Mahesh Kumar Adhikari Copyright (c) 2023 https://nepjol.info/index.php/BDPR/article/view/57189 Thu, 03 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Species Composition of Bryophytes at Different Altitudinal Habitats in Langtang National Park, Bagmati Province, Nepal https://nepjol.info/index.php/BDPR/article/view/57193 <p>The highland bryophytes of the Langtang National Park have not yet been published, despite the fact that it is an easily accessible high-altitude national park for study and research. This study carried out in different locations in and around this park in August 2010, September 2011 and October 2016, revealed a diversity of 80 species of this plant at various elevated habitats. This plant’s diversity was observed high at 2800 to 3000 m of elevations. The lowest known altitude of this study began at 1500 meters in Syabrubesi and went up to 3900 meters in Kyangjn and 4380 meters at the Gosainkund Lake. Some areas like Kutumsng and Gul Bhanjyang (2100-2500 m), Tarkyghyang and Shermathan (2440-2460 m), Nosim Pati (3650 m), Parbati Kund (2600 m), Golphu Bhanjyang (2150 m) and Panch Pokhari (4000 m) were among the unexplored buffer zones that were also considered in this study.</p> Nirmala Pradhan Copyright (c) 2023 https://nepjol.info/index.php/BDPR/article/view/57193 Thu, 03 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Nutrient Analysis of Selected Wild Edible Mushrooms Collected from Thulo Ban Community Forest, Myagdi District, Nepal https://nepjol.info/index.php/BDPR/article/view/57197 <p>The study analyzes the nutrient content of three wild edible mushrooms <em>Cantharellus cibarius, Laccaria laccata </em>and <em>Scleroderma cepa</em> commonly consumed by the local people of Arjam, Myagdi district. Thirteen parameters were analyzed such as ash, carbohydrate, fat, moisture, protein, manganese, zinc, magnesium, potassium, iron, copper, phosphorus and calcium. The test methods used for ash, fat, moisture, protein and phosphorous content were ignition, soxhlet extraction, oven dry method, kjeldahl digestion method and spectrophotometric method respectively. Carbohydrate content was determined by calculation method and iron, manganese, copper, zinc, calcium, magnesium and potassium content estimation were done by AAS method. All macro and micronutrient compositions were determined on a dry weight basis. Ash, carbohydrate, fat, moisture and protein are ranges from 7.05-13.38%, 61.89-71.37%, 0.78-1.94%, 12.37-13.66% and 16.18-24.47% respectively, whereas calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and potassium ranges from 0.13-0.15 µg/g, 0.09-0.11µg/g, 0.25-0.37 µg/g and 1.41-3.40 µg/g respectively. Similarly copper, iron, manganese and zinc ranges from 2.40-30.94 µg/g, 0.08-0.20 µg/g, 7.22-16.06 µg/g and 45.70-77.35 µg/g respectively.</p> Shashi Shrestha, Sadikshya Thapa, Sanjay Kumar Jha Copyright (c) 2023 https://nepjol.info/index.php/BDPR/article/view/57197 Thu, 03 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Phytochemical Studies and Toxicity Evaluation of Selected Medicinal Plants from Sarlahi District, Nepal https://nepjol.info/index.php/BDPR/article/view/57199 <p>Medicinal plants play a vital role in primary health care and the development of herbal drugs at low prices and with fewer side effects. The aim of the present work is focused on the study of antioxidant activity, cytotoxicity, phytochemical screening, and estimation of total phenolic and flavonoid contents of <em>Achyranthes aspera, Azadirachta indica</em>, <em>Cascabela thevetia, Catharanthus roseus</em>, <em>Clerodendrum indicum</em>, <em>C. infortunatum</em>, <em>Oxalis latifolia</em>, <em>Paederia foetida</em> and <em>Tinospora cordifolia</em> from Sarlahi district, Nepal. Total phenolics and flavonoids were estimated by Folin-Ciocalteu and aluminum chloride methods respectively. The antioxidant activity and toxicity were evaluated by 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method and brine shrimp lethality method respectively. Among the plants studied, <em>A. indica</em> contained the highest phenolic content (250.08&nbsp;±&nbsp;0.319&nbsp;mg&nbsp;GAE.g<sup>-1</sup> of dry extract) and <em>O. latifolia</em> showed the highest flavonoid content (112.47&nbsp;±&nbsp;0.07&nbsp;mg&nbsp;QE.g<sup>-1</sup> dry extract). Methanolic extract of the bark of<em> A. indica,</em> the root of<em> Clerodendrum infortunatum</em>, and the stem of <em>C. indicum</em> showed potent <em>in vitro </em>antioxidant activity with IC<sub>50</sub> values of 14.84&nbsp;±&nbsp;2.250<em>&nbsp;</em>µg.mL<sup>-1</sup>, 23.94&nbsp;±&nbsp;2.245<em>&nbsp;</em>µg.mL<sup>-1</sup>, and 29.93&nbsp;±&nbsp;0.993&nbsp;µg.mL<sup>-1</sup> respectively as compared to the standard ascorbic acid with an IC<sub>50</sub> value of 9.44&nbsp;±&nbsp;0.902&nbsp;µg.mL<sup>-1</sup>. All nine selected medicinal plants showed low toxicity towards the larvae of <em>Artemia salina </em>in dose dependent pattern. The results of this study approve the traditional use of the medicinal plants by the local people.</p> Surya Kant Kalauni, Sushil Kumar Mahato, Lekha Nath Khanal Copyright (c) 2023 https://nepjol.info/index.php/BDPR/article/view/57199 Thu, 03 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Ethnomedicinal Study of Plants Used by Newar Community in Sindhupalchowk District, Nepal https://nepjol.info/index.php/BDPR/article/view/57205 <p>The information presented in this paper was gathered by field visits in the study area, key informant interview, informal interviews and group discussion with traditional healers and person from different age having knowledge about the plant and plant based remedies. From the study area, it was found that Newar community uses 32 species of plants belonging to 25 families for treating 13 types of ailments. Leaves and roots were the top priority plant part used for different ailments treatments. The Newar community has used plant resources for centuries and is still reliant on them for a living. The study area was discovered to be rich in plant resources and the elderly have extensive knowledge of the use of medicinal plants. However, due to the ease of access to hospitals and modern medical facilities, the younger generation is uninterested in herbal medicine. Many useful plant species are at risk of extinction in this area due to a lack of proper documentation, conservation and cultivation practices. With the introduction of modern and alternative treatment facilities in the district, indigenous traditional knowledge that has been transmitted orally for years is becoming extinct. Because of the preference of peoples of Newar communities for modern medicine and hospital facilities, indigenous knowledge and skills in medicine have become less focused as a result of modernization. As a result, documentation of such knowledge has become an urgent requirement. The documentation of this research is critical for the enhancement and preservation of local people’s traditional knowledge in Indrawati Rural Municipality.</p> Manisha Gurung Copyright (c) 2023 https://nepjol.info/index.php/BDPR/article/view/57205 Thu, 03 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Bijaysal: A Monograph of Pterocarpus marsupium in Nepal https://nepjol.info/index.php/BDPR/article/view/57299 <p>Not available&nbsp;</p> Chitra Bahadur Baniya Copyright (c) 2023 https://nepjol.info/index.php/BDPR/article/view/57299 Thu, 03 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A Handbook of the Flowering Plants of Nepal Volume 3 https://nepjol.info/index.php/BDPR/article/view/57300 <p>Not Available</p> Ram Prasad Chaudhary Copyright (c) 2023 https://nepjol.info/index.php/BDPR/article/view/57300 Thu, 03 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A Handbook of Bryophytes of Nepal Volume 1 https://nepjol.info/index.php/BDPR/article/view/57301 <p>Not Available</p> Sangeeta Rajbhandary Copyright (c) 2023 https://nepjol.info/index.php/BDPR/article/view/57301 Thu, 03 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000