Direct Seeded Rice Might Be One of the Potential Climate Smart Agricultural Technologies in Nepal

Authors

  • Tika Bahadur Karki National Agronomy Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Reshama Neupane National Agronomy Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Rajendra Kumar Bhattarai National Agronomy Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Bhimsen Chaulagain National Agronomy Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Sangita Kaduwal National Agronomy Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Pankaj Gyawaly National Agronomy Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Ramesh Acharya Directorate of Agricultural Research, Lumle, Kaski, Nepal
  • Soni Kumari Das National Agronomy Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Jiban Shrestha National Plant Breeding and Genetics Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ajn.v7i1.62062

Keywords:

Direct seeded rice, climate smart, adoption, Wheat yield

Abstract

The conventional system of puddled transplanting of rice (PTR) with intensive tillage is common practice of rice growing in Nepal. It has many negative impacts on soil, water, labor, climate change and gender equality. Therefore, an alternative production system has been explored. Direct seeded rice (DSR) has been one of the potential systems of rice production in Nepal. The results of various studies on DSR revealed that it saves labor, requires less water, less drudgery, less energy, early crop maturity, low cost of production, better soil physical conditions and less greenhouse gas emission. The grain yields in DSR are comparable with PTR. However, special attentions must be given in selection of suitable cultivars, appropriate time of sowing, optimum seed rate, proper weed and water management practices. Despite its promise, the rate of its adoption is not as expected. It might be due to some of the constraints associated it. In this paper an attempt has been made to highlight the works done in DSR within and outside of the country, its constraints and the possible solutions to scale-out it.

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Published

2023-07-10

How to Cite

Karki, T. B., Neupane, R., Bhattarai, R. K., Chaulagain, B., Kaduwal, S., Gyawaly, P., Acharya, R., Das, S. K., & Shrestha, J. (2023). Direct Seeded Rice Might Be One of the Potential Climate Smart Agricultural Technologies in Nepal. Agronomy Journal of Nepal, 7, 28–35. https://doi.org/10.3126/ajn.v7i1.62062

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Articles