Labor Migration Trend in Nepal

Authors

  • Bishnu Prasad Pangali Sharma State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Aerospace Information Research Institute Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Chandra Kanta Baral Department of Geography, Tri-Chandra Multiple Campus, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal
  • Liladhar Sapkota Central Department of Geography, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/tgb.v8i01.43488

Keywords:

Migration, Out-migration, Remittance, Pull and push factor, Household

Abstract

Migration is one of the major factors affecting population distribution of Nepal. Job opportunity, education facility, medical facility and topographic situation are the key causes of migration. Human movement from mountain to hill; hill to Tarai; and rural to urban area migration are the major trend observed in Nepal. Migration has direct impact on various sectors including financial, social, demographic, and biological. All kind of services including educational, medical, transformational, and safety services should make equally accessible over the various parts of the country. This research helps to understand the trend of internal and international labor migration in Nepal. The study has used secondary data from Department of Foreign Employment (DoFE), Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Ministry of Finance (MoF). Remittance is playing a crucial role in the Nepalese economy. The highest foreign labor migration was found in the year 2013/14. The trend was continuously increased until 2013/14 and it has stated decreasing thereafter. International labor migration has mostly taken place to Malaysia, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, 110 UAE and other Southeast Asian countries and it is growing over the time that has shifted the agricultural based economy towards remittance-based economy.

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Published

2021-12-31

How to Cite

Sharma, B. P. P., Baral, C. K., & Sapkota, L. (2021). Labor Migration Trend in Nepal. The Geographic Base, 8(01), 109–122. https://doi.org/10.3126/tgb.v8i01.43488

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Articles