Ultraleftism to Missary of Commoners: Case of Victims of Sexual Violence During Insurgency


  • Shiva Datta Bhandari PhD Fellow, Conflict, Peace and Development Studies, Tribhuvan University




Armed conflict, Conflict resolution, Conflict-related sexual violence, Peace building, Survivors


A decade-long armed conflict resulted in the prevalence of survivors of sexual violence in Nepal. The survivors include those who sustained physical and/or mental harm and social distress due to sexual violence or having such family members. The insurgency launched by the then CPN (Maoist) in 1996 was an act of ultra-leftism. The victims of conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) are being deprived of justice even after a decade and a half without realization of the agreed transitional justice process as per the Comprehension Peace Accord (CPA). Despite the examples of good practices that exist globally, the CRSV survivors in Nepal have not been acknowledged adequately as a crucial facet of the conflict resolution processes neither in any peace dialogue nor in the CPA and peace-building initiatives pursued afterward. Findings concluded that the conflict resolution processes so far do not mean anything to them as they have neither been part of nor benefited from the claimed ‘peace-building initiatives’in Nepal. This article has revealed that the situation is worrying sum as leaving the survivors behind does not simply lead to failure of the conflict resolution process in Nepal. In explaining PMPD Bhandari states that the communist party can resolve any problem with the help of people amidst the political and organizational works without imposing the security forces. Therefore, while illustrating the severity of incidents and concerns of CRSV survivors, the article has drawn the attention of all stakeholders to ensure the effective participation of the CRSV survivors’ and integrate their issues and concerns into peace-building processes.


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How to Cite

Bhandari, S. D. (2023). Ultraleftism to Missary of Commoners: Case of Victims of Sexual Violence During Insurgency. State, Society and Development: PMPD Perspectives, 1(1), 77–90. https://doi.org/10.3126/ssd.v1i1.58471