People’s Multiparty Democracy, the 2015 Constitution, and the Impending Agenda of Land Reform
Keywords:PMPD, 2015 Constitution of Nepal, Socialist orientation, Land Reform, Social transformation
The politics of any country has its sociological foundations. In Nepal, the social aspects of PMPD are equally significant, given that Nepali politics, since the restoration of democracy, has revolved around Bhandari’s political philosophy. This article critically examines its influence on the 2015 Constitution of Nepal, which established Nepal as a socialism-oriented federal democratic republic. Furthermore, the article argues that political parties, especially the CPN (UML), have not fully recognized the implications of this political shift in their strategies for social transformation, particularly concerning the agenda of land reform. Moreover, despite the CPN (UML) having led the government multiple times after the restoration of democracy, Nepal has made limited progress in realizing the social agendas postulated in PMPD. The article emphasizes the need for a critical review of strategies to address the key sociological objectives and to establish the democratic and equitable society envisioned in PMPD.
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