Capital Structure Choice and the Firm Value in The Indian Automobile Sector: An Empirical Exploration Using Panel Threshold Regression Approach

Authors

  • Tapas Kumar Sahoo Department of Commerce, Assam University, Silchar 788011, India
  • A. S. Yarso Department of Commerce, Assam University, Silchar 788011, India

Keywords:

Optimal capital structure, Panel threshold regression, Firm’s value, Trade-off theory

Abstract

Over the past 50 years, there have been significant studies conducted on the relationship between capital structure and firm value; however, the outcome of these studies was controversial in the subject of finance; and the findings have sparked debate in the field of finance because theories on the subject predict inconsistent results or no statistically significant relationship. Prior studies of capital structure have often relied on data from developed countries. However, those theories apply to countries other than developed countries that still need to be explored. In order to determine the impact of capital structure on a firm’s value, this study identifies whether there is an optimal leverage proportion at which a firm can maximize its value. An advanced panel threshold regression model is applied to test the panel threshold effect of debt ratio on firm value among 93 listed Indian automobile and ancillary firms from 2004 to 2020. The findings indicate a double-threshold effect and show an inverted “U” association between leverage and firm’s value. The empirical findings using the portent panel threshold regression model confirm the nonlinear relation and identify the exact turning point of debt effectiveness. Moreover, the findings show that debt positively relates to firm value when it has not reached the threshold value. However, it must be highlighted that increasing debt above the threshold value established in this study will reduce the firm’s value. The findings of this study is consonant with the trade-off theory.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
3
PDF
6

Author Biographies

Tapas Kumar Sahoo, Department of Commerce, Assam University, Silchar 788011, India

Full-time Doctoral Fellow

A. S. Yarso, Department of Commerce, Assam University, Silchar 788011, India

Assistant Professor

Downloads

Published

2024-04-09

How to Cite

Sahoo, T. K., & Yarso, A. S. (2024). Capital Structure Choice and the Firm Value in The Indian Automobile Sector: An Empirical Exploration Using Panel Threshold Regression Approach. Nepalese Journal of Management Science and Research, 7(1), 36–54. Retrieved from https://nepjol.info/index.php/njmsr/article/view/64608

Issue

Section

Original Articles