Human elephant conflict management and issues in Nepalese context: A Review

Authors

  • Sandesh Neupane GoldenGate International College, Tribhuvan University, Nepal
  • Man Kumar Dhamala Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University
  • Prakash Chandra Aryal Companions for Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/njes.v6i0.30128

Keywords:

Biological deterrents, Electric fences, Elephas maximus, Land-use, Hunting

Abstract

Human Elephant Conflict has been an important conservation issue since decades in Africa and Asia. A comparative analysis was performed to identify the methods of the Human Wildlife Conflict management in African and Asian countries. Different studies from 1999 to 2018 in African and Asian Nations related to Human Elephant Conflict were obtained from reliable online sources such as published articles, policies and reports relevant to Nepalese context were synthesized. The different methods used in Human Elephant Conflict management in both continents were broadly classified into fifteen different categories and their effectiveness was compared based on economic viability, safety for elephants and humans while adopting the mitigation measures and the control of the Human Elephant Conflict after adoption of the measure. Land-use management is proposed in Nepalese context to reduce the Human Elephant Conflict centered on different social, financial and environmental conditions.

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Published

2018-12-31

How to Cite

Neupane, S., Dhamala, M. K., & Aryal, P. C. (2018). Human elephant conflict management and issues in Nepalese context: A Review. Nepal Journal of Environmental Science, 6, 69–74. https://doi.org/10.3126/njes.v6i0.30128

Issue

Section

Review Articles