Distribution of ABO and Rhesus Blood Groups among the Blood Donors in a Teaching Hospital of Hilly Region, Nepal: A Cross-sectional Study

Authors

  • Bibek Pun Magar Department of Biochemistry, Karnali Academy of Health Sciences Jumla, Nepal
  • Jharendra Bahadur Oli Pathology Technician, Department of Laboratory, Royal Hobart Hospital, Tasmanian Health Services, Australia
  • Sagun Adhikari Medical laboratory Technical officer, NSW health pathology, Campbelltown hospital NSW 2560, Australia
  • Elisha Rana Nursing officer, Department of Nursing, Karnali Academy of Health Sciences Jumla, Nepal
  • Dilli Bahadur Pun Department of Physiology, Karnali Academy of Health Sciences Jumla, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/mjmms.v2i4.53679

Keywords:

ABO Blood Group, Blood Bank, Rhesus Blood Group System

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The ABO and Rhesus-D blood group systems are important and widely used in humans for transfusion of blood and blood components for various medical conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the distribution of ABO and Rhesus D blood groups among blood donors at Karnali Academy of Health Sciences, Teaching Hospital, Jumla, Nepal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From July 2019 to January 2022, a retrospective cross-sectional study among 800 blood donors was conducted using medical records from blood donors who donated blood in a Teaching Hospital of Jumla, Nepal. Microsoft Excel was used to analyze the
data, and the results were presented as frequency and percentage. RESULTS: The most common blood group was ‘A’ (30.6%) and the least common was ‘AB’ (14.5%) with a majority of male blood donors (84.6%). Only 2.2% of blood donors was Rhesus-negative, while 97.7% were Rhesus-positive. Considering ABO and Rhesus blood groups altogether, blood group ‘A’ Rhesuspositive (30.1%) was the most common and blood group ‘AB’ Rhesus-negative (0.1%) was the least common. CONCLUSIONS: Blood group ‘A’ was the most common, followed by blood groups ‘B’, ‘O’, and ‘AB’. The majority of the blood donors were Rhesus-positive, with blood group ‘AB’ Rhesus-negative being the most uncommon. This information would be helpful to the hospital’s blood bank in this rural hilly region, particularly in the hospital’s planning for blood transfusion services.

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Published

2022-12-31

How to Cite

Magar, B. P., Oli, J. B., Adhikari, S., Rana, E., & Pun, D. B. (2022). Distribution of ABO and Rhesus Blood Groups among the Blood Donors in a Teaching Hospital of Hilly Region, Nepal: A Cross-sectional Study. MedS Alliance Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, 2(4), 77–80. https://doi.org/10.3126/mjmms.v2i4.53679

Issue

Section

Original Investigations