Applying machine learning algorithms to estimate PM 2.5 using satellite data and metrological data

Authors

  • Ishwor Thapa Gandaki College of Engineering and Science, Pokhara University, Nepal
  • Bidur Devkota Gandaki College of Engineering and Science, Pokhara University, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jes2.v3i1.66239

Keywords:

Google Earth Engine, Kathmandu-Nepal, PM 2.5, Sentinel-5P

Abstract

Air pollution, particularly fine Particulate Matter (PM 2.5), poses significant health risks and environmental challenges worldwide. Therefore, it is essential to monitor air pollution to act on it. In this study, PM 2.5 was estimated using meteorological data and Sentinel-5P air pollution data using machine learning algorithms. The Sentinel-5P data are   and the meteorological data utilized are air temperature, Relative Humidity (RH), and Wind Speed (WS). The three Air Quality Monitoring (AQM) stations in Kathmandu, Nepal, were chosen as a study area for this research. The effectiveness of several machine learning methods, such as K-Nearest Neighbors (KNN), Support Vector Machine (SVM), eXtreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost), and Random Forest (RF), were evaluated. Both RF and XGBoost consistently performed better than SVM and KNN in terms of PM 2.5 estimation accuracy. RF got the highest R2 value of 0.80 and SVM with the lowest R2 value of 0.62 in the Sentinel-5P dataset only. The addition of meteorological data further improved the model's performance. After including metrological data in Sentinel-5P data the RF demonstrated the maximum R2 score of 0.816 and XGBoost with R2 score of 0.814. Hence, this study demonstrated machine learning algorithms can be used to estimate PM 2.5 by utilizing satellite and meteorological data, providing important information for air quality monitoring and management.

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Published

2024-06-04

How to Cite

Thapa, I., & Devkota, B. (2024). Applying machine learning algorithms to estimate PM 2.5 using satellite data and metrological data. Journal of Engineering and Sciences, 3(1), 74–80. https://doi.org/10.3126/jes2.v3i1.66239

Issue

Section

Research Articles