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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point Times New Roman font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Ghodaghodi Multiple Campus, Research Committee yearly publication, multidisciplinary academic research journal Contemporary Research: An Interdisciplinary Academic Journal warmly welcomes original research articles from scholars, intellectuals, and researchers from education, management, Science, humanities and other disciplines of national priority area. Articles for the journal must be of high quality, must be research-based and must fall within the scope of the journal. Authors submitting articles to the Research Committee must follow the guidelines below:

  1. Articles must be written in English. Only the subject area occupying Nepali language and literature can be submitted in Nepali.
  2. Two hard copies of single side printed manuscript and a soft copy along with duly signed ‘cover letter and authorization form’ must be submitted by the author.
  3. Articles submitted to the Research Committee must be original work of the author(s) listed, and not previously published in part or full.
  4. All submissions should be a single Microsoft Word file, with figures (graphics) and tables embedded within them.
  5. An article must have a minimum of 3,000 words, but should not exceed 7000 words or not more than 10 pages of single line space A4 size paper and Times New Roman 12 point font size. The text or paragraphs should be left aligned only with a paragraph space.
  6. Articles should be consistent in style throughout, especially if different authors have contributed sections. All submissions are expected to contain scholarly citations, including layout formats of APA style.
  7. The following components should be included in all articles that are intended to help you achieve a clear, consistent style that is easy to read. All submissions must include a cover page that bears the title of the article, the author’s name and affiliation, and an abstract with keywords. The name of the author should not appear in any part of the text.
    • Title
    • Author's information (name, position, affiliation, address, email address)
    • Abstract (within 150 to 250 words)
    • Keywords (not more than five words or phrases)
    • Main Headings (sub-headings are optional; include introduction, body with several headings, and conclusion; recommendation is optional)
    • Acknowledgements (Optional)
    • References
  8. All submissions will be assessed by two blind reviewers to determine whether they fall within the nature of our journal and meet our requirements.
  9. The respective authors should take all ethical responsibility for submitted and published articles; if submitted articles are found plagiarized they will directly be rejected without review. The authors should also agree on the terms and conditions of the copyright authorization of the articles to the journal while submitting the final version of the articles.
  10. Submissions that deviate from the above guidelines will be returned to the corresponding authors for correction. Because the guidelines are updated as appropriate, authors should check them again before they submit their articles.
  11. Each issue of the journal will publish a maximum of 10 articles. All submissions will be evaluated and selected as per the reports obtained from the blind reviewers. However, the decision of the editorial board will be final.
  12. For any dispute regarding the selection of the manuscript for publication, the decision of the editorial board will be final.

Contact For further details:
Research Committee,
Ghodaghodi Multiple Campus,
Sukhad, Kailali, Nepal

Contact No.: 091-403117/ 091-403118
Journal Website:
Campus Website:

Guiding Checklist for Authors

  1. Rationale for the research question. (Introduction and Literature Review)
    • Does the author, in the initial portion of the article, provide an overview of the problem to be addressed in the study?
    • Did the author present evidence of knowledge of the topic of research through references to and descriptions of relevant and current research?
    • Did the author address the major current theoretical perspectives on the problem at hand?
    • How did the author make the case for the importance of the research question?
    • Does the author’s rationale form a coherent argument for the research problem through the use of sound logic and relevant citations?
    • Does the author end the introduction with a concise and focused summary and statement of the problem or research hypothesis?
    • Does the Introduction overall make sense logically and empirically?
  2. Methods and design of the study used to answer the research question.
    • Materials and assessment instruments used in the study
      • Are the materials and assessment devices consistent with the research question or hypothesis?
      • Do materials and assessment devices match the characteristics of the participants?
      • Is there evidence for the validity and reliability of the instruments?
      • How are the instruments or measures used in the study analyzed or scored?
      • Procedures for collecting the data and conducting the study
    • Analysis of the Data
      • Do the analysis schemes reflect the research question, problem statement or statistical hypothesis?
      • Is the analytical plan appropriate for the type of data collected? (e.g. Are the assumptions required for the analytical schemes met by the data collected?)
      • When the planned analytical strategies are changed, does the author provide a rationale for the change and a description of the alternative plan?
      • Is the sample size reasonable for the analytical strategy?
      • Do the design of the study and analytical strategy account for rival explanations?
    • Overall Methods and Design of the Study: Does the design of the study including selection of the participants, instruments and materials, procedures, and analytical strategies address the research question, problem statement, or research hypothesis?
    • Does the design allow the author to rule out alternative explanations when appropriate? Does the design reflect the nature of the study (description, prediction, explanation, testing applications)? Does the design of the study follow from the Introduction and the Literature Review?
  3. Results or Findings of the Study
    In this section the author reports the results of the analyses of the data, whether quantitative or qualitative. Ethics and professional responsibility dictate that the researcher make a complete and accurate report of the findings even when those findings deviate from the predictions made, perspectives held, and personal and biases held by the researcher or the sponsoring institution.
    Findings are most effectively reported when they are organized around the research question, problem statement or statistical hypothesis. A clear and unambiguous report of the findings serves both the author and the reader well. The initial paragraph of the Results section should contain a restatement of the research question, problem statement, or statistical hypothesis. This will provide the reader with a guide for reading the Results section.
    • Presentation of summary data in the form of tables appropriate for the type of data collected (e.g. means, standard deviations, frequencies) typically provide an initial overview for readers of quantitative, and in some cases qualitative articles. Any tables or figures used to present the data must be discussed in the text. Coupled with reports of statistical tests, tables allow readers to draw their own conclusions about the findings. You might refer to particular journal or professional guidelines for format and presentation of tables in the article.
    • Typically authors will present the results in the same order in which the key variables were addressed in the Introduction and in the Methods Sections. Establishing a consistent order of presentation throughout the article makes the reader's task easier.
    • When reporting results of statistical tests, it is customary to report the type of test, the particular groups being compared, the obtained value of the statistic, the degrees of freedom, effect size, and obtained probability of error.
    • When statistical tests are conducted and no significance is obtained the author is best advised to state that clearly and concisely. Typically authors omit the presentation of the actual test information for non-significant outcomes. Some authors use the Results section to explain nearly significant differences or non-significant trends—this typically weakens the author's article. Such discussions might best be placed in the final section of the paper (Conclusions or Discussions).
    • When the research question or problem statements dictate that authors use qualitative methods, the findings typically follow one of two formats or a combination of the two. One format is organized around categories developed from the review of the literature and the other is based on categories that arise from the data (see Levi-Straus’s work on grounded theory).
      • In the first case, the categories of information that are used to guide the analysis of narrative or other qualitative data are most convincing when they are derived from the review of the literature. The author is ethically bound to include findings that contradict presence of predicted categories. When presenting the categories, authors of qualitative studies typically include examples from the data. These are in the form of direct quotes and include information that defines the context in which the data were collected and the type of data (e.g. participants’ own words, author’s field notes). The information must be sufficiently complete to allow the reader to judge the validity of the categorical membership.
      • When categories are derived from the data as in grounded theory work, authors serve the reader well when they present the process for identifying categories and constructing theories from those categories. In this case, as the author constructs the Results or Findings section, additional literature review is often presented to provide support for the categories arising from the data and the author’s theory about the categories. In the case of grounded theory work, authors typically account for all data. That is, work with the data typically continues until categories account for the entire body of data.
      • Providing the reader with sufficient information on the validity and reliability of the findings of qualitative research is a much different task than with quantitative research. There are several ways to address this issue. Two are presented here:
        - Participant checking—here the researcher returns to participants or a representative sample of the participants with the emerging categories and theory to verify that the categories and theory accurately reflect the meaning intended by the participant. When disagreements occur between the author and participant’s perspectives, the author is ethically bound to present both perspectives and construct a discussion of possible reasons for the differences.
        - Multiple readers and raters—here the researcher enlists individuals who have not had contact with the participants to read and categorize the data. Whether the researcher is using existing theories drawn from research or grounded theory approaches, once the data have been categorized by the researcher, others are asked to complete a categorization of the data or a sample of the data. Typically, inter-rater agreement or inter-rater reliability is presented.
  1. Conclusions drawn based on research findings.
    • What conclusions did the author draw?
    • Do these conclusions answer the original question posed?
    • How did the author use the research findings to support the conclusions drawn? That is, which findings were used to support the conclusion(s) and why do such findings support this conclusion (rather than some other conclusion).
    • What other conclusions (if any) might be proposed that would also be supported by these findings? (Just because an author prefers one set of conclusions does not imply that these are the only reasonable conclusions that might be drawn.)
    • How do the author's conclusions compare with findings from other studies?
    • From the author’s perspective, what are the next questions to be answered?
    • From your perspective, what additional questions come to mind?

These ideas might guide both reading and writing. Given one tenet of the scientific enterprise is that the work of a scientist, whether in the field of biology, education, chemistry, or psychology is that the scientific process is available for public scrutiny. The clarity of the written product and the care with which the arguments are developed support this public scrutiny and ultimately lead to greater potential impact on the field.

Privacy Statement

Nepal Journals Online (NepJOL) is a member of the Ubiquity Partner Network coordinated by Ubiquity Press. According to the EU definitions, NepJOL is the data controller, and Ubiquity Press are the service providers and data processors. Ubiquity Press provide the technical platform and some publishing services to NepJOL and operate under the principle of data minimisation where only the minimal amount of personal data that is required to carry out a task is obtained.

More information on the type of data that is required can be found in Ubiquity Press’ privacy policy below.

Ubiquity Press Privacy Policy

We take seriously our duty to process your personal data in a fair and transparent way. We collect and manage user data according to the following Privacy Policy. This document is part of our Terms of Service, and by using the press portal, affiliated journals, book, conference and repository websites (the “Websites”), you agree to the terms of this Privacy Policy and the Terms of Service. Please read the Terms of Service in their entirety, and refer to those for definitions and contacts.

What type of personal data do we handle?

There are four main categories of personal data stored by our journal platform, our press platform, and our book management system; Website User data, Author data, Reviewer data and Editor data.

The minimum personal data that are stored are:

  • full name
  • email address
  • affiliation (department, and institution)
  • country of residence

Optionally, the user can provide:

  • salutation
  • gender
  • associated URL
  • phone number
  • fax number
  • reviewing interests
  • mailing address
  • ORCiD
  • a short biography
  • interests
  • Twitter profile
  • LinkedIn profile
  • ImpactStory profile
  • profile picture

The data subjects have complete control of this data through their profile, and can request for it to be removed by contacting

What do we do to keep that data secure?

We regularly backup our databases, and we use reliable cloud service providers (Amazon, Google Cloud, Linode) to ensure they are kept securely. Backups are regularly rotated and the old data is permanently deleted. We have a clear internal data handling policy, restricting access to the data and backups to key employees only. In case of a data breach, we will report the breach to the affected users, and to the press/journal contacts within 72 hours.

How do we use the data?

Personal information is only used to deliver the services provided by the publisher. Personal data is not shared externally except for author names, affiliations, emails, and links to ORCiD and social media accounts (if provided) in published articles and books which are displayed as part of the article/book and shared externally to indexes and databases. If a journal operates under open peer review then the reviewer details are published alongside the reviewer details.

How we collect and use your data:

1. When using the website

1.1 what data we collect

  • When you browse our website, we collect anonymised data about your use of the website; for example, we collect information about which pages you view, which files you download, what browser you are using, and when you were using the site.
  • When you comment on an article or book using Disqus, we are not collecting, controlling or processing the data. More details on the DISQUS privacy policy can be found on their website.
  • When you annotate an article or book, this is done via a 3rd party plugin to the website called In using this plugin we are not collecting, controlling or processing the data. More details on the privacy policy can be found on their website.

1.2 why we collect the data

  • We use anonymised website usage data to monitor traffic, help fix bugs, and see overall patterns that inform future redesigns of the website, and provide reports on how frequently the publications on our site have been accessed from within their IP ranges.

1.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • We do not collect personal information that can be used to identify you when you browse the website.
  • We currently use Google Analytics for publication reports, and to improve the website and services through traffic analysis, but no personal identifying data is shared with Google (for example your computer’s IP is anonymised before transmission).

1.4 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • Please contact to request a copy of your data, or for your data to be removed/anonymised.

2. When registering as an author, and submitting an article or book

2.1 what data we collect

  • When registering an account we ask you to log in and provide certain personal information (such as your name and email address), and there is the option to register using an ORCiD which will pre-fill the registration form.
  • As part of submitting an article for publication, you will need to provide personally identifying information which will be used for the peer review process, and will be published. This can include ‘Affiliation’, ‘Competing interests’, ‘Acknowledgements’.

2.2 why we collect the data

  • Registering an account allows you to log in, manage your profile, and participate as an author/reviewer/editor. We use cookies and session information to streamline your use of the website (for example in order for you to remain logged-in when you return to a journal). You can block or delete cookies and still be able to use the websites, although if you do you will then need to enter your username and password to login. In order to take advantage of certain features of the websites, you may also choose to provide us with other personal information, such as your ORCiD, but your decision to utilize these features and provide such data will always be voluntary.
  • Personal data submitted with the article or book is collected to allow follow good publication ethics during the review process, and will form part of the official published record in order for the provenance of the work to be established, and for the work to be correctly attributed.

2.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • We do not share your personal information with third parties, other than as part of providing the publishing service.
  • As a registered author in the system you may be contacted by the journal editor to submit another article.
  • Any books published on the platform are freely available to download from the publisher website in PDF, EPUB and MOBI formats on the publisher’s site.
  • Any personal data accompanying an article or a book (that will have been added by the submitting author) is published alongside it. The published data includes the names, affiliations and email addresses of all authors.
  • Any articles published on the platform are freely available to download from the publisher website in various formats (e.g. PDF, XML).
  • Ubiquity Press books and articles are typeset by SiliconChips and Diacritech.This process involves them receiving the book and book associated metadata and contacting the authors to finalise the layout. Ubiquity Press work with these suppliers to ensure that personal data is only used for the purposes of typesetting and proofing.
  • For physical purchases of books on the platform Ubiquity Press use print on demand services via Lightning Source who are responsible for printing and distribution via retailers. (For example; Amazon, Book Repository, Waterstones). Lightning Source’s privacy policy and details on data handling can be found on their website.

2.4 why we store the data

  • We store the account data so that you may choose to become a reviewer and be able to perform those tasks, or to become an author and submit an article and then track progress of that article.
  • Published personal data that accompanies an article or a book forms part of the official published record in order for the provenance of the work to be established, and for the work to be correctly attributed.

2.5 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • You are able to view, change and remove your data associated with your profile. Should you choose to completely delete your account, please contact us at and we will follow up with your request as soon as possible.
  • To conform to publication ethics and best practice any personal data that is published alongside an article or book cannot be removed. If you have a query about a publication to which you are attributed please contact

3. When registering as a reviewer

3.1 what data we collect

  • To become a reviewer you must first register as a user on the website, and set your preference that you would like to be considered as a reviewer. No new personal data is collected when a registered user elects to become a reviewer.
  • When registering an account we ask you to log in and provide certain personal information (such as your name and email address), and there is the option to register using an ORCiD which will pre-fill the registration form.
  • Reviewers can also be registered by editors who invite them to review a specific article. This requires the editor to provide the reviewer’s First Name, Last Name, and Email address. Normally this will be done as part of the process of inviting you to review the article or book.
  • On submitting a review, the reviewer includes a competing interest statement, they may answer questions about the quality of the article, and they will submit their recommendation.

3.2 why we collect the data

  • The data entered is used to invite the reviewer to peer review the article or book, and to contact the reviewer during and the review process.
  • If you submit a review then the details of your review, including your recommendation, your responses to any review form, your free-form responses, your competing interests statement, and any cover letter are recorded.

3.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • This data is not shared publicly and is only accessible by the Editor and system administrators of that journal or press.
  • The data will only be used in connection with that journal or press.
  • Data that is retained post final decision is kept to conform to publication ethics and best practice, to provide evidence of peer review, and to resolve any disputes relating to the peer review of the article or book.
  • For journals or presses that publish the peer reviews, you will be asked to give consent to your review being published, and a subset of the data you have submitted will become part of the published record.

3.4 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • If you would no longer like to be registered as a reviewer you can edit your profile and tick the box ‘stop being a reviewer’. This will remove you from the reviewer database, however any existing reviews you may have carried out will remain.
  • If you have been contacted by an editor to peer review an article this means that you have been registered in the system. If you would not like to be contacted for peer review you can reply to the email requesting that your data be deleted.

4. When being registered as a co-author

4.1 what data we collect

  • Co-author data is entered by the submitting author. The submitting author will already have a user account. According to standard publishing practice, the submitting author is responsible for obtaining the consent of their co-authors to be included (including having their personal data included) in the article/book being submitted to the journal/press.
  • The requested personal data for co-authors are at the bare minimum; first name, last name, institution, country, email address. This can also include; ORCID ID, Title, Middle Name, Biographical Statement, Department, Twitter Handle, Linkedin Profile Name or ImpactStory ID.

4.2 why we collect the data

  • Assuming that it is accepted for publication, this data forms part of the official published record in order for the provenance of the work to be established, and for the work to be correctly attributed.
  • Author names, affiliations and emails are required for publication and will become part of the permanent cited record.

4.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • The co-author’s personal data is stored in the author database. This personal data is only used in relation to the publication of the associated article.
  • Any co-author data collected is added to the author database and is only used in association with the article the user is co-author on.

4.5 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • To receive a copy of your data, please contact
  • To conform to publication ethics and best practice any personal data that is published alongside an article or book cannot be removed. If you have a query about a publication to which you are attributed please contact

5. When signing-up to receive newsletters

5.1 what data we collect

  • We require you to include your name and email address

5.2 why we collect and store the data, and for how long

  • This data would be collected to keep you updated with any news about the platform or specific journal

5.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • We use mailchimp to provide our mailing list services. Their privacy policy can be found here

5.4 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data or want your data to be removed

  • All emails sent via our newsletter client will include a link that will allow you to unsubscribe from the mailing list

Notification about change of ownership or of control of data

We may choose to buy or sell assets. In the case that control of data changes to or from Ubiquity Press and a third party, or in the case of change of ownership of Ubiquity Press or of part of the business where the control of personal data is transferred, we will do our best to inform all affected users and present the options.

(Updated: 18 May 2018)