MRI Evaluation of Degenerative Lumbar Spine in Population Of Eastern Nepal

Authors

  • Nawaraj Ranabhat Patan Academy of Health Sciences
  • Rakshya Bhattarai Madan Bhandari Hospital and Trauma Centre,
  • Prasansa Basnet Nobel Medical College and Teaching Hospital
  • Udaya Raj Banjade Patan Academy of Health Sciences
  • Shreebridhi Pande Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences
  • Suhail Sapkota Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences
  • Diki Sherpa Nobel Medical College and Teaching Hospital

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/njr.v13i1.57823

Keywords:

Adult, Back Pain, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Prevalence, Radiology

Abstract

Introduction:
Low back pain is the most commonly encountered symptom, with approximately 80% of individuals experiencing at least one instance of back pain throughout their lifetime. Magnetic resonance imaging is widely regarded as a highly effective diagnostic tool for assessing different factors contributing to back pain.
Methods:
The study included all patients who had a history of chronic low back pain and were referred for Magnetic resonance imaging at the Radiology Department of Nobel Medical College between September 1, 2020, and September 1, 2021. These patients were suspected to have degenerative diseases of the lumbar spine.
Results:
A total of 120 patients were included in the study, with ages ranging from 28 to 81 years (mean: 53.38 ± 11.5 years). Among these patients, 64 individuals (53.3%) were females. The most common finding observed was disc desiccation, which was present in 115 patients (95.8%). The prevalence of degenerative findings increased with age, indicating a correlation between age and degenerative changes in the lumbar spine.
Conclusions:
The study's conclusion states that Magnetic resonance imaging is the most sensitive imaging technique for evaluating low back pain related to degenerative changes. The use of Magnetic resonance imaging is recommended due to its lack of known side effects, absence of radiation exposure, and noninvasive nature. It was found that various types of degenerative changes can be present in symptomatic patients aged over
40.

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Author Biographies

Nawaraj Ranabhat, Patan Academy of Health Sciences

Lecturer, Department of Radiology and Imaging 

Rakshya Bhattarai, Madan Bhandari Hospital and Trauma Centre,

Radiologist, Department of Radiology and Imaging 

Prasansa Basnet, Nobel Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Medical Officer

Udaya Raj Banjade, Patan Academy of Health Sciences

Lecturer, Department of Radiology and Imaging 

Shreebridhi Pande, Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences

Medical Officer

Suhail Sapkota, Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences

Medical Officer

Diki Sherpa, Nobel Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Medical Officer

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Published

2023-06-30

How to Cite

Ranabhat, N., Bhattarai, R., Basnet, P., Banjade, U. R., Pande, S., Sapkota, S., & Sherpa, D. (2023). MRI Evaluation of Degenerative Lumbar Spine in Population Of Eastern Nepal. Nepalese Journal of Radiology, 13(1), 9–14. https://doi.org/10.3126/njr.v13i1.57823

Issue

Section

Original Articles