Management of Leaf Blight (<i>Bipolaris sorokiniana</i>) Disease of Wheat with Cultural Practices

Authors

  • PCP Chaurasia Regional Agriculture Research Station, Tarahara, Sunsari
  • E Duveiller CIMMYT, Kathmandu

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/narj.v7i0.1870

Keywords:

AUDPC, culture practices, disease management, leaf blight

Abstract

An experiment was conducted at agronomy farm of Agriculture research Station, Tarahara,
Nepal for three consecutive years viz 2000/2001,2001/2002, and 2002/2003 to evaluate the
effects of different cultural practices on leaf blight diseases of wheat caused by Bipolaris
sorokiniana
under terai conditions. The experiment was conducted in factorial Randomized
Complete Block Design with four replications. Four factors, two wheat verities RR-21 and
Nepal 297,two number of irrigations (two and three irrigations), two doses of Nitrogen fertilizer
viz. 60kg N/ha and 120 kg N/ha and two dates of sowing of wheat were examined. Different
yield components, grain yield (kg/plot) and disease severity were recorded to judge the effects of
these factors on severity of leaf blight of wheat. Nepal Line 297 had significantly less AUDPC
based on flag leaf infection and whole plan as compared to RR-21. Number of irrigations had no
significant effect on AUDPC, as there was frequent rain during experimental period. Doses of
Nitrogen fertilizer had significant effect on AUDPC based on flag leaf infection. It was higher in
case of 60 kg N/ha. The third week of November sowing of wheat had lower value of AUDPC
as compared to December sowing. Plant height, panicle lengths were highly significantly higher
in case of RR-21 as compared to Nepal-297. Thousand kernel weight, and grain yield kg/ha were
significantly higher in Nepal-297. All agronomic parameters except thousand kernel weight and
number of tillers/plan were significantly higher in 120kg N/ha. The third week of November
sowing of wheat had less plant height and panicle length, higher thousand kernel weight and
more grain yield. Leaf blight severity was highly significantly less in case of Nepal-297. Doses
of Nitrogen fertilizer had significant effect on plant height, panicle length, thousand kernel
weight, percentage flag leaf infection and AUDPC based on flag leaf infection. Based on the
results of three years of experimentations, it can be concluded that Nepal-297 had less disease,
number of irrigations had no effect on disease severity, higher doses of nitrogen fertilizer had
less flag infection and late sowing of wheat also had less disease. Numbers of irrigation's effects
were inconclusive as there were frequent rains during experimentation period. Based on above
conclusion, it is recommended that growing wheat verity like Nepal-297, use of higher doses of
nitrogen fertilizer and sowing of wheat / first week of Dec help in minimizing the severity of leaf
blight. However late sowing had lowered grain yield.

Key words: AUDPC; culture practices; disease management; leaf blight

DOI: 10.3126/narj.v7i0.1870

Nepal Agriculture Research Journal Vol.7 2006 pp.63-69

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Published

2009-05-22

How to Cite

Chaurasia, P., & Duveiller, E. (2009). Management of Leaf Blight (<i>Bipolaris sorokiniana</i>) Disease of Wheat with Cultural Practices. Nepal Agriculture Research Journal, 7, 63–69. https://doi.org/10.3126/narj.v7i0.1870

Issue

Section

Plant Pathology and Entomology