Growth and Yield Performance of Potato Clones under Different Planting Dates

Authors

  • Ganesh Lamsal Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Lamjung Campus, Nepal
  • Amit Khanal Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Lamjung Campus, Nepal
  • Lal Prasad Amgain Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Lamjung Campus, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jotmc.v5i1.46525

Keywords:

Delayed planting, genotype, potato tuber size, unmarketable tuber

Abstract

Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is the fourth most important crop of Nepal. However, variety and planting methods have been catered for its low productivity in the country. A field trial was conducted at Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Lamjung Campus, Nepal from October 2016 to February 2017 to identify the suitable planting time and the best genotype. The trial was laid out in two factorial RCBD with three replications. Planting factors included four planting dates (5th October, 20th October, 4th November and 19th November), while genotypes were two potato clones (Khumal Seto and Kufri Jyoti). The result revealed that the mean effect of planting date and clones both significantly affected percentage emergence, plant height, number of leaves/plant, number and weight of tuber/plant. The maximum yield was obtained from 5th October planting (31.55 t/ha) which was statistically similar to 20th October planting (30.94 t/ha), but the lowest yield was found on 19th November (22.27 t/ha) and was at par with 4th November (22.77 t/ha). The yield of clone Khumal Seto (27.68 t/ha) was at par with Kufri Jyoti (26.09 t/ha). However, interaction effect of two factors significantly influenced percentage emergence, plant height and number of small size (<25 g), medium size (25-50 g) and large size tubers (>50 g), but had no significant difference on overall yield. Delayed planting (19th Nov) of both clones produced the highest percentage of small size unmarketable tuber number. Thus, planting of both clones either on 5th October or 20th October helps to maximize the productivity.

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Published

2022-07-14

How to Cite

Lamsal, G., Khanal, A., & Amgain, L. P. (2022). Growth and Yield Performance of Potato Clones under Different Planting Dates. Journal of Tikapur Multiple Campus, 5(1), 187–200. https://doi.org/10.3126/jotmc.v5i1.46525

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Articles