Perceptions And Practices Of Self-Medication Among The Residents Of Western, Nepal

Authors

  • Pharsuram Adhikari

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jmmihs.v8i2.59764

Keywords:

Self-medication, Perception, Antibiotics, knowledge

Abstract

Correction: On 27/11/2023 the PDF was replaced because of a mismatch in the introduction and methodology inside the article and the error is human error (copy / paste).

Background: Self-medication is defined as the “The taking of drugs, herbs or some remedies on personal initiative, or on the advice of another person without consulting a physician for the aliment of self-diagnosed physical illness”. Self-medication is practiced throughout the world, including both developing and developed countries. Self-medication includes both risks and benefits.

Objectives: To assess the perceptions and practices of self-medication among the residents of Western, Nepal.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 378 respondents aged above 18. Closed ended questionnaire was used as data collection tool. Non-probability purposive sampling method was used for the collection of data.

Results: The prevalence of self-medication practices was found to be 76.8%. Friends/Family members/Relatives 34.20%), Past-own experience (23.9%) and Pharmacist (23.5%) were the major source of information for self-medication practices. The most common type of illness for self-medication were Headache (19.7%), Cough and Cold (19.1%) and fever (18.10%). NSAIDs (32.9%), Cough Syrups (15.0%) and Antibiotics (14.8%) were the mostly used drugs in self-medication practices. The most common reasons for self-medication were previous experience (23.59%), minor illness (19.77%) and quick reliefs (19.1%). More than half of respondents (57.0%) were found to have positive perception towards the self-medication practices. This study showed education status (p=0.033) had significant association with the self-medication practices.

Conclusion: The study focused to assess the perception and practices of self-medication. The prevalence of self-medication was found to be 78.6%. More than half of the residents were found to possess positive perception towards the self-medication practices.

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Author Biography

Pharsuram Adhikari

Department of Pharmacy
Lecturer
Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences, Solteemode Kathmandu

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Published

2023-11-06

How to Cite

Adhikari, P. (2023). Perceptions And Practices Of Self-Medication Among The Residents Of Western, Nepal. Journal of Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences, 8(2), 127–137. https://doi.org/10.3126/jmmihs.v8i2.59764

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