Performance Evaluation of Rainfall-Runoff Models for Predictions of Inflows to Bhumibol Reservoir in Thailand
Keywords:Reservoir regulation, Rainfall-runoff model, Flood control, Inflow, Prediction
The Bhumibol reservoir in the Ping River basin is the largest reservoir in the Kingdom of Thailand. This reservoir has contributed to economic development of the country by supplying increased electricity and irrigation water demands as well as flood mitigation in riparian areas along the Ping and the Chao Phraya River. The prediction of inflows to the reservoir is crucial for the optimal management of water for irrigation, power generation and flood control. Properly customized rainfall-runoff models of the catchment could provide the basis for predicting the inflows to the reservoir. Hence, five lumped conceptual rainfall-runoff models were developed for the Ping River basin to simulate daily inflows to the Bhumibol reservoir. The rainfall-runoff models are Australian Water Balance Model (AWBM), Sacramento Soil Moisture Accounting Model, Simplified Hydrolog Model (SIMHYD), Soil Moisture Accounting and Routing Model (SMAR) and Tank Model. The evaluation of the performances of these models showed that all models are capable of predicting inflows. However, the SIMHYD, Sacramento, AWBM and Tank models perform better than SMAR model. Hence, these models could be employed for prediction of inflows to the reservoir with acceptable accuracy.