Mental Health and Well-being of Healthcare Professionals Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic in Canada

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ijosh.v14i2.55959

Keywords:

COVID-19, Healthcare professionals, Mental health, Psychological well-being

Abstract

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic posed unique challenges to healthcare professionals (HCPs) with increased risk of mental health and well-being globally. However, the psychological impact of the pandemic on the mental health and well-being of HCPs in Canada is not fully understood. This paper critically reviews broadly available literature on the mental health and psychosocial status of HCPs amid the COVID-19 pandemic in Canada.

Methods: A comprehensive online search was conducted using the guidelines outlined by the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination for combining the findings of diverse primary studies within a single review. Online search was conducted through databases such as AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine), Embase, Global Health, Ovid Healthstar, Mental Measurements Yearbook, EBM Reviews - ACP Journal Club, EBM Reviews - Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Ovid MEDLINE(R) and Epub Ahead of Print, In-Process, In-Data-Review, and Google Scholar for the period between March 2020 and May 2023. Twenty-two studies met the inclusion criteria and were analyzed systematically using a thematic analysis approach to identify the main themes across studies. 

Results: The analysis uncovers three key themes: 1) HCPs face diverse mental health impacts during the pandemic; 2) HCPs are dissatisfied with organizational approaches to COVID-19; and 3) HCPs express concerns about personal well-being and the safety of others during the pandemic.

Conclusion: These findings emphasize the need for HCPs to cope effectively with stressors for their own, their patients, and their families' well-being. Therefore, future research should prioritize the ways in which HCPs can maintain their emotional, mental, and psychological well-being.

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Author Biographies

Karun Kishor Karki, University of the Fraser Valley, British Columbia, Canada

Assistant Professor, School of Social Work and Human Services, University of the Fraser Valley, 33844 King Road, Abbotsford, British Columbia, Canada, V2S 7M8 (Corresponding author)

E-mail: karun.karki@ufv.ca

Anjelica Shrestha, McMaster University, Ontario, Canada

Master of Public Health (Student), Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

E-mail: shresa9@mcmaster.ca

Rahul Jain, Yorkville University, BC, Canada

Adjunct Professor, Master of Counselling Psychology, Yorkville University, BC, Canada

Email: rjain@yorkvilleu.ca

Riham Al-Saadi, School of Social Work, University of Windsor, ON, Canada

Assistant Professor, School of Social Work, University of Windsor, ON, Canada

E-mail: rihama@uwindsor.ca

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Published

2024-03-25

How to Cite

Karki, K. K., Shrestha, A., Jain, R., & Al-Saadi, R. (2024). Mental Health and Well-being of Healthcare Professionals Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic in Canada. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, 14(2), 268–281. https://doi.org/10.3126/ijosh.v14i2.55959

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Section

Review