Prevalence and impact of falls as domestic injury among rural housewives of Raipur District, Chhattisgarh, India

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ijosh.v13i4.49182

Keywords:

Domestic injuries, Fall, Housewives, Mechanical agents, Physical agents

Abstract

Introduction: The most common domestic injury among housewives is falling from stairs and ramps or on the floor. The present study aimed to find and associate the prevalence of falls with various agents, risk factors causing falls and the impact of falls among rural housewives.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out among 500 randomly selected housewives from rural areas of Raipur district, Chhattisgarh in the month of March to June 2019. Demographic data and information regarding the occurrence of falls, various agents & factors associated with falls were collected by questionnaires, lux meter, anemometer and sound level meter through interviews, and observation techniques. The Nordic questionnaire was used to assess the impact of falls. Collected data were analyzed by using SPSS 20 statistical package.

Results: 295 out of 500 housewives had domestic injuries which included 12.8 % of fall injuries. Fall had a significant association with various physical agents like illumination in the living room (χ2=11.004, df=1), relative humidity of the kitchen (χ2=18.03, df=2) and presence of adequate natural light (χ2=11.232, df=1). Even various personal risk factors were significant causes of falls like wearing slippers on a wet floor (χ2=11.845, df=1), presence of open electric wires (χ2=4.84, df=1), self-cleaning of toilet & floor (χ2=11.371, df=1) and self-cooking (χ2=10.959, df=1). Heavy works like carrying water in a big container (χ2=6.025, df=1), working under direct sunlight (χ2=4.195, df=1), prolonged standing while cooking or on an agricultural field (χ2=32.073, df=1) and using of hand pump per day to draw water (χ2=42.329, df=1) were highly significant causes of domestic fall.

Conclusion: Findings of the study concluded that fall was very much prevalent among housewives, and being at home still housewives are exposed to various agents and personal risk factors causing fall.

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Author Biographies

Jaita Mondal, NIMS College of Nursing, NIMS University Rajasthan, Jaipur, India

Research Scholar, NIMS College of Nursing, NIMS University Rajasthan, Jaipur, India
Professor & Principal, Sri Sri College of Nursing, FHW, Sri Sri University, Cuttack, Odisha
Tel.: +91 6394523995, E-mail: jaidolsmon@gmail.com

Maharaj Singh, NIMS Nursing College, NIMS University Rajasthan, Jaipur, India

Professor & Research Head, NIMS Nursing College, NIMS University Rajasthan, Jaipur, India
E-mail: maharaj.singh@nimsuniversity.org

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Published

2023-10-10

How to Cite

Mondal, J., & Singh, M. (2023). Prevalence and impact of falls as domestic injury among rural housewives of Raipur District, Chhattisgarh, India. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, 13(4), 540–547. https://doi.org/10.3126/ijosh.v13i4.49182

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Original Articles