Evaluation of the knowledge of sun exposure and sun protective measures in healthcare workers

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ijosh.v13i2.43305

Keywords:

Health personnel, Knowledge, Sunscreen, Ultraviolet

Abstract

Introduction: Solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation has a great impact on human life. The sun has always played an important role in Asian culture, so much so, that it is often prayed to as a God. Prolonged sun exposure can cause extensive and chronic harmful effects. Healthcare personnel is supposed to have good knowledge regarding sun protection as they play a key role in society disseminating knowledge to the general public. There are limited data regarding the knowledge of sun protection and sunscreen practice among health care workers.

Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out from June to October 2020 on healthcare workers (medical staff) in Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital. A questionnaire was distributed to the target study population without disturbing or hampering the healthcare worker’s duty.

Results: Out of a total of 264 participants in the study, 84 (31.8%) were male and 180 (68.2%) were female. The knowledge of proper terminology for SPF (Sun Protection Factor) was noted in 196 (74.2%) and 57 (21.6%) agreed that the value of SPF was related to age. No significant difference was noted regarding knowledge about the time of sun exposure for Vitamin D synthesis. No significant differences were found in practices of sunscreen use for purposes of fairness, or prevention of tanning, wrinkle, mole, and skin cancer.

Conclusion: A higher level of education was associated with better knowledge and proper abiding practices regarding sunscreen use. As healthcare workers play a key role in distributing information in society, they should be targeted in education campaigns regarding sun exposure and sun protection measures; with these efforts focused more on nurses and medical officers.

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Author Biographies

Eliz Aryal, Department of Dermatology, Kathmandu Medical College, Kathmandu, Nepal

Associate Professor, Department of Dermatology, Kathmandu Medical College, Kathmandu, Nepal

E-mail: eliz_aryal@yahoo.com

Prashanna Raj Shrestha, Department of Dermatology, Kathmandu Medical College, Kathmandu, Nepal

Lecturer, Department of Dermatology, Kathmandu Medical College, Kathmandu, Nepal

E-mail: prashannarajshrestha@gmail.com

Sujan Gautam, Department of Dermatology, Kathmandu Medical College, Kathmandu, Nepal

Resident, Department of Dermatology, Kathmandu Medical College, Kathmandu, Nepal

E-mail: gautam_sujan@yahoo.com  

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Published

2023-03-15

How to Cite

Aryal, E., Shrestha, P. R., & Gautam, S. (2023). Evaluation of the knowledge of sun exposure and sun protective measures in healthcare workers. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, 13(2), 199–205. https://doi.org/10.3126/ijosh.v13i2.43305

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Section

Original Articles