Effect of spinal extension exercises on mechanical low back pain in work from home IT professionals in India

Authors

  • Sandeep B Shinde Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences "Deemed To Be University"Krishna College of Physiotherapy, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed to be University, Karad, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6466-3888
  • Bajaj Manpreet Department of Musculoskeletal Sciences, Krishna College of Physiotherapy, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed to be University, Karad, Maharashtra, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7651-8135
  • Prachiti Rajan Bhore Department of Musculoskeletal Sciences, Krishna College of Physiotherapy, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed to be University, Karad, Maharashtra, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7292-6828

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ijosh.v12i2.39022

Keywords:

Mechanical low back pain, Work from Home, IT professionals, Extension exercises, McKenzie, Extensor Strength

Abstract

Introduction: Prolonged sitting with awkward posture and long working hours are the predisposing factors for developing Mechanical Low Back Pain (LBP) in IT professionals. Poor dynamic trunk extension performance is associated with back-related permanent work disability and recurrence of LBP. The purpose of this study was to find and analyze the effect of spinal Extension exercises on Mechanical Low Back Pain in work from home IT professionals.

Methods: In this comparative study, 50 work from home IT professionals from various companies were approached through emails. Subjects were randomized into two groups: Group A (n=25) was study group, and Group B (n=25) was control group. Subjects from both groups exercised three times per week for 4 months and followed the ergonomics. Pain intensity, functional disability, and strength of back extensor muscle were assessed at baseline and at the end of week 4. 

Results: Group A had lower pain intensity (3.24 ± 1.45 vs 4.76 ± 1.53) and functional disability (4.24 ± 2.14 vs 11.44 ± 1.75) and significantly higher back extensor strength (25.44 ± 4.3 vs 22.24 ± 4.58; P<0.05) than Group B at the end of week 4.  

Conclusion: Spinal Extension Exercises should be incorporated in work from home IT professionals with mechanical low back pain to stabilize back muscles and improve physical functioning with minimal discomfort. In line with this, IT professionals should also be made aware of the risk factors associated with mechanical low back pain and should be encouraged for maintenance of physical health and fitness.

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Author Biographies

Sandeep B Shinde, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences "Deemed To Be University"Krishna College of Physiotherapy, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed to be University, Karad, India

Associate Professor, Krishna College of Physiotherapy

E-mail: drsandeepshinde24@gmail.com

Bajaj Manpreet, Department of Musculoskeletal Sciences, Krishna College of Physiotherapy, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed to be University, Karad, Maharashtra, India

Department of Musculoskeletal Sciences E-mail: manpreetbajaj221@gmail.com

Prachiti Rajan Bhore, Department of Musculoskeletal Sciences, Krishna College of Physiotherapy, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed to be University, Karad, Maharashtra, India

Senior resident, Department of Musculoskeletal Sciences

E-mail: prachitibhore777@gmail.com

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Published

2022-03-13

How to Cite

Shinde, S. B., Manpreet, B., & Bhore, P. R. (2022). Effect of spinal extension exercises on mechanical low back pain in work from home IT professionals in India. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, 12(2), 75–80. https://doi.org/10.3126/ijosh.v12i2.39022

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Section

Original Articles