Status of Migration and Its Perceived Effects in Khopasi, Kavrepalanchowk District: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study

Keywords: Attitude, Effect of migration, Families left behind, Migrant workers

Abstract

Introduction: Labor migration has become a means to make ends meet for low-income countries. It plays a key role to provide employment opportunities and has helped in the improvement of the standard of living. With the alarming rise of migrating workers, it becomes important to acknowledge the effects of migration on both the migrant workers in the destination country as well as families left behind at the place of origin. The objective of this study was to find out the status of migration of population in Khopasi village and their attitude towards the effects of migration on families left behind. 

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 256 residents of Khopasi, Kavrepalanchowk district from 10-15th November 2019. Participants were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire to assess the status of migration of immediate family members as well as the attitude towards migration and its effects.

Results: The prevalence of migrant workers was 39.8%. The process of migration was assisted by their migrated relatives 59 (19.1%) and by foreign employment agencies 30 (12.92 %). The expenses for migration were managed by bank loan 34 (33.34%). Among102 migrant workers, 54(52.9%) are still working abroad whereas 48 (47.1%) have returned to Nepal. The main reason for migrant workers to go abroad was unemployment 59 (57.8%) in Nepal. Out of 102 who migrated, most of them 39 (38.23%) have spent 1-3 years abroad while 76 (68.6%) send remittance regularly to their family members at home around 1-3 lakhs/year. Among all the migrant worker  37(36.27%) reported some form of disease and disability. There was a positive attitude toward family and the country’s economy but the overall attitude towards migration was negative.

Conclusion: In this study, remittance sent by migrant workers to their families was not adequate as there were no visible financial benefits and negative health consequences were also present. There are other impacts of migration like broken families, separation, difficulty in the rearing of children, mental health of elderly were seen on the families left behind. Various studies are required to further analyze the impact of migration other than remittance.

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Author Biographies

Nikita Bhattarai, Dr, Department of Community Medicine, Kathmandu Medical College

Dr. Nikita Bhattarai

MD resident

Department of Community Medicine,

Kathmandu Medical College,

Sinamangal, Kathmandu, Nepal

Tel: +977 9841212990

Naresh Manandhar, Dr, Department of Community Medicine, Kathmandu Medical College

Associate Professor

Department of Community Medicine,

Kathmandu Medical College

Sinamangal, Kathmandu

Shruti Shah, Dr, Department of Community Medicine, Kathmandu Medical College

MD Resident

Department of Community Medicine,

Kathmandu Medical College,

Sinamangal, Kathmandu, Nepal

Renu Twanabasu, Dr, Department of Community Medicine, Kathmandu Medical College

MD Resident

Department of Community Medicine,

Kathmandu Medical College,

Sinamangal, Kathmandu, Nepal

Santripti, Shrestha, Dr, Department of Community Medicine, Kathmandu Medical College

MD Resident

Department of Community Medicine,

Kathmandu Medical College,

Sinamangal, Kathmandu, Nepal

Sabita Jyoti, Dr, Department of Community Medicine, Kathmandu Medical College

MD Resident

Department of Community Medicine,

Kathmandu Medical College,

Sinamangal, Kathmandu, Nepal

Isha Amtya, Dr, Department of Community Medicine, Kathmandu Medical College

MD resident

Department of Community Medicine,

Kathmandu Medical College

Sinamangal, Kathmandu, Nepal

Sunil Kumar Joshi, Prof, Department of Community Medicine, Kathmandu Medical College

Professor and Head,

Department of Community Medicine,

Kathmandu Medical College

Sinamangal, Kathmandu

Published
2020-12-11
How to Cite
Bhattarai, N., Manandhar, N., Shah, S., Twanabasu, R., Shrestha, S., Jyoti, S., Amtya, I., & Joshi, S. (2020). Status of Migration and Its Perceived Effects in Khopasi, Kavrepalanchowk District: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, 10(2), 124-30. https://doi.org/10.3126/ijosh.v10i2.33362
Section
Original Articles