Effects of Nitrogen Levels on Growth and Yield of Some Newly Released Wheat Genotypes under Bhairahawa Condition

Authors

  • Narayan Khatri National Wheat Research Program, Bhairahawa, Rupandehi
  • Bisheshwor Prasad Pandey National Wheat Research Program, Bhairahawa, Rupandehi
  • Nabin Rawal National Soil Science Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur
  • Chetan Gyawali National Rice Research Program, Hardinath, Dhanusha
  • Prakash Paneru National Soil Science Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur
  • Khem Raj Pant National Wheat Research Program, Bhairahawa, Rupandehi
  • Chandra Prakash Upadhyay National Wheat Research Program, Bhairahawa, Rupandehi
  • Govinda Prasad Poudel National Wheat Research Program, Bhairahawa, Rupandehi
  • Mamata Bista National Wheat Research Program, Bhairahawa, Rupandehi

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ajn.v7i1.62086

Keywords:

Economics, Nitrogen level, Wheat genotypes, Yield

Abstract

The newly released wheat varieties with different nutritional demands and their yield potential hinder generalized recommendations for nitrogen (N) fertilization. Field experiments were carried out during 2018/19 and 2019/20 growing seasons to evaluate the response of varying N fertilizer rates on growth and yield parameters of two newly released wheat varieties (Borlaug 2020 and   Zinc Gahun-1), one promising line (NL 1179) and Vijay as a check variety. Five N levels (i.e. 0, 50,100,150 and 200 kg N ha-1) were applied in the experiment designed in split plot with three replications. Nitrogen levels and genotypes were allocated as main plot and sub plot treatments, respectively. The combined analysis of both growing seasons indicated that, all newly released and promising genotypes performed better than check variety. NL 1179 recorded the highest grain yield followed by Borlaug 2020 and Zinc Gahun-1. A linear increase of grain yield was observed with increased rate of N from 0 to 200 kg ha-1, while 200 kg N ha-1showed significantly (p<0.001) highest grain yield which was statistically at par with 150 kg N/ha. Similarly, gross margin (Rs. 148933 ha-1) was highest with the application of N @ 150 kg ha-1. Interaction effect of genotypes and N levels was not found significant. Thus, it can be concluded that for higher grain production of improved wheat varieties, 150 kg Nha-1could be recommended under Bhairahawa condition.

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Published

2023-07-10

How to Cite

Khatri, N., Pandey, B. P., Rawal, N., Gyawali, C., Paneru, P., Pant, K. R., Upadhyay, C. P., Poudel, G. P., & Bista, M. (2023). Effects of Nitrogen Levels on Growth and Yield of Some Newly Released Wheat Genotypes under Bhairahawa Condition. Agronomy Journal of Nepal, 7, 74–81. https://doi.org/10.3126/ajn.v7i1.62086

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Articles