The Mega Journal https://nepjol.info/index.php/tmj <p>The Mega Journal is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary journal published by the Nepal Mega College, Babarmahal, Kathmandu, Nepal.</p> Nepal Mega College en-US The Mega Journal 2717-4840 Editorial Vol.2(1) https://nepjol.info/index.php/tmj/article/view/53141 <p>No abstract available.</p> Dinesh Khanal Copyright (c) 2023 Nepal Mega College 2023-03-15 2023-03-15 2 1 Foregrounding the Feminine Principle in Pushpa Kumari’s Contemporary Mithila Painting https://nepjol.info/index.php/tmj/article/view/53142 <p>This paper explores artist Pushpa Kumari’s female-centered perspectives in Mithila Paintings that foreground the grace of Shakti, goddess Kali, in all females. Moreover, it examines the agency of women as a source of fertility and energy centralizing on how the bi-union of Prakriti and Purusha, the cosmicized versions of the earthly phenomenal male and female, reflects one integrated form, an indivisible whole. Basically, the paper is based on Kumari’s preference for tantrism, which accepts fundamental dualism, through which an individual encounters universal phenomena. Thus, this paper will provide a new insight on females’ subjectivity—how in tantric rituals every woman, a counterpart of feminine principle, as a microcosmic version of feminine power shakti becomes a reincarnation of cosmic energy symbolizing the ultimate essence of reality. </p> Deepa Silwal Copyright (c) 2023 Nepal Mega College 2023-03-15 2023-03-15 2 1 1 19 10.3126/tmj.v2i1.53142 Work Life Balance among Women Employees in Service Sector with Special Reference to Banking Industry in Kathmandu Valley https://nepjol.info/index.php/tmj/article/view/53206 <p>This study was interested in female bank employees’ perceptions of work life balance at banking institutions in Kathmandu. The Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) Model was used as a theoretical framework to consider the demands that these women encounter as well as the support systems that they utilize to help facilitate work-life balance (WLB). Importantly, as a theoretical framework, the JD-R was used to bring to light employee experiences of their WLB in relation to their work demands and the resources that are available to them. A qualitative research design was used. Semi-structured interviews on a purposive sample of eight research participants were conducted within eight commercial banks of Kathmandu. Theory-led thematic analysis was used to analyze the interview transcripts. The findings of the study indicated that these women relied heavily upon domestic helpers in terms of household duties, extended family and their spouses in terms of childcare duties and needs. These employees felt that work dominates their lives more due to the core demands of meeting targets. These employees perceived that the bank as a whole was not supportive of WLB as they claimed to be and wanted to be involved with the HR Department in the formation of work-life balance policies. This research study offers insight into the needs of female bank employees and suggests the way forward for organizations to appropriately prioritize WLB as a quality strategy in an attempt to retain talented women in the organization.</p> Sarad Dhungel Copyright (c) 2023 Nepal Mega College 2023-03-15 2023-03-15 2 1 20 37 10.3126/tmj.v2i1.53206 Loss of Social Belongingness in Philip Roth's The Humbling https://nepjol.info/index.php/tmj/article/view/53207 <p>This article examines Philip Roth's <em>The Humbling</em>, a literary account of questions of aging and loss of self. Specifically, it analyzes the roles and actions of protagonist, Simon Axler, who has suddenly lost his talent and skills in theatrical performance and is desperately looking for salvation by indulging in temporary distractions around him. However, the loss is too deep to be complacent with. Drawing upon the protagonist’s recurring memories of the past performances that significantly govern the present struggle of Axler, the article assesses that the moments of struggle Axler recounts in the present after knowing his banal failure signal his inability to maintain social belongingness. Drawing on social identity theory, especially the three stages of social identity formation: categorization, social identification and social comparison, this article postulates an inherent and inevitable connection between social self and personal self. Following this, it argues that Axler's doomed predicament — the loss of personal self — results in eternal quest and loss of social belongingness. Finally, this article concludes that Axler’s failure to identify with the social groups is instrumental to lead him to embrace suicide as the ultimate alternative.</p> Saroj G.C. Copyright (c) 2023 Nepal Mega College 2023-03-15 2023-03-15 2 1 38 52 10.3126/tmj.v2i1.53207 Government Capital Expenditure and Economic Growth in Nepal https://nepjol.info/index.php/tmj/article/view/53208 <p>This paper explores the short-run and long-run causal relationship between government expenditure, labor force, gross investment, aggregate consumption, and economic growth of Nepal. The gross domestic product (Y), capital expenditure (K), population (L), gross investment (GI), and aggregate consumption (CO) have been used to find the causal relationship between government expenditure, and economic growth. The ARDL cointegration technique confirms a long-run association among the variables. The study revealed that capital expenditure, labor force participation, gross investment, and aggregate consumption all are the long-run driver of the economic growth of Nepal. These findings tell that efficient and timely allocation and use of capital expenditure, expansion of public as well private investment, and increased aggregate consumption matters for economic growth. The study also shows the existence of unidirectional causation from capital expenditure to growth and bidirectional relationship between other variables. The findings support Keynesian thought of government expenditure and economic growth. The regulatory and policymakers should focus on expansionary fiscal policy to stimulate capital formation, efficient productive investment, boost effective demand, and enhance long-run economic growth in Nepal.</p> Tilak Singh Mahara Copyright (c) 2023 Nepal Mega College 2023-03-15 2023-03-15 2 1 53 81 10.3126/tmj.v2i1.53208 परिमार्जित ब्लुम टेक्सोनोमीको अनुरूपताका दृष्टिले विद्यालय तहको नेपाली भाषा पाठ्यक्रम {School Level Nepali Language Curriculum in Conformity with Revised Bloom's Taxonomy} https://nepjol.info/index.php/tmj/article/view/53229 <p>प्रस्तुत लेख विद्यालय तहका नेपाली भाषा पाठ्यक्रमका सिकाइ उपलब्धिहरूको ब्लुमटेक्सोनोमीय वर्गीकरण तथा भाषिक सिप वितरणको सन्तुलन पहिचान गर्नमा केन्द्रित छ । यसलेखमा विद्यालयका आधारभूत र माध्यमिक तह (कक्षा छ, नौ, एघार) का नेपाली भाषा पाठ्यक्रमको उद्देश्यहरूलाई परिमार्जित ब्लुम टेक्सोनोमीमा आधारित छ ओटा चिन्तन तहका शैक्षणिक उद्देश्यहरूको वर्गीकरणका आधारमा उच्च अनुक्रम चिन्तन र निम्न अनुक्रम चिन्तनतहका दृष्टिले तथा भाषिक सिपगत वितरणका आधारमा वर्गीकरण विश्लेषण गरिएको छ । गुणात्मक अध्ययन ढाँचाअन्तर्गत विषयवस्तु विश्लेषण (Content Analysis) विधि अवलम्बन गरी गरिएको यस अध्ययनका मुख्य निष्कर्षहरूमा चिन्तन तहका दृष्टिले विद्यालय तहका पाठ्यक्रमका सिकाइ उपलब्धिहरू उच्च अनुक्रम भन्दा निम्न अनुक्रम चिन्तन तहमा बढी केन्द्रित रहेका अनि भाषिक सिप वितरण दृष्टिले उक्त पाठ्यक्रमका सिकाइ उपलब्धिहरू सन्तुलित रहेको देखिन्छ ।</p> दिनेश Dinesh घिमिरे Ghimire Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-15 2023-03-15 2 1 82 108 10.3126/tmj.v2i1.53229 उत्तरवर्ती नेपाली कथामा प्रयुक्त भाषाशैली {The style of language used in later Nepali stories} https://nepjol.info/index.php/tmj/article/view/53230 <p>प्रस्तुत लेखमा कथामा निहित कथाकलाको सौन्दर्य प्रस्फुटित गर्ने क्रममा कथाकारको केकस्तो भाषिक अभिव्यक्ति कौशलको प्रयोग भएको छ भन्ने विषयमा केन्द्रित भई कथामा प्रकट भएको भाषाबारे अध्ययन गरिएको छ । उत्तरवर्ती नेपाली कथामा प्रयुक्त भाषाले कथामा अभिव्यक्त घटना, विचार लगायतका विभिन्न कुरा बुझाउन के कत्तिको सामथ्र्य राख्दछ भन्ने जिज्ञासाको शमनतर्फ यो अध्ययन केन्द्रित छ । विभिन्न विद्वान् हरूले कथा सिद्धान्तअन्तर्गतव्यक्त गरेका भाषासम्बन्धी सैद्धान्तिक ज्ञानलाई आधार मानेर उत्तरवर्ती नेपाली कथामा अभिव्यक्त भाषाको अध्ययन विश्लेषण गरिएको छ। प्रस्तुत लेखमा उत्तरवर्ती नेपाली कथामा प्रयुक्त भाषाले कथा बोधगम्य, विश्वसनीय, आकर्षक, कलात्मक, सम्प्रेषणीय, संवेद्य र सौन्दर्यमय बनेको छ भन्ने निचोड निकालिएको छ ।</p> शान्तिमाया Shantimaya गिरी Giri Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-15 2023-03-15 2 1 109 127 10.3126/tmj.v2i1.53230 'टाइपिस्ट’ कथामा लैङ्गिकता {Gender in the 'Typist' Story} https://nepjol.info/index.php/tmj/article/view/53231 <p>प्रस्तुत आलेख भवानी भिक्षुको ‘टाइपिस्ट’ कथाको लैङ्गिक विश्लेषणमा आधारित रहेको छ । यो कथामा लैङ्गिक प्रतिनिधित्वको हिसाबले हेर्दा सात पुरुष र चार महिला पात्र भए पनि भूमिकाका हिसाबले महिला प्रमुख, नेतृत्वदायी हैसियतमा देखिन्छन् । यौनिक अभिमुखीकरणका कोणबाट हेर्दा यो नारी यौन मनोविज्ञानमा आधारित कथा हो । प्रमुख नारी पात्र शान्तिको अवचेतनमा रहेको यौनभावना जागृत भएपछि त्यसको परिपूर्तिको अभावमा परेको आघातलाई यसमा देखाइएको छ । लैङ्गिक रूढिप्रकारका हिसाबले विश्लेषण गर्दा यो कथाका नारी पात्रहरू आधुनिक छन्, आफैमा सक्षम छन् । आर्थिक हिसाबले बलिया रहेका देखिन्छन् । धर्म, परम्परालाई यिनीहरूले चुनौती दिएका छन् । परिचयका हिसाबले यिनीहरू दुवै कर्मचारी हुन् । आफ्नो अलग परिचय निर्माण गर्न सफल छन् । तसर्थ यो कथा लैङ्गिकताका दृष्टिकोणले महत्त्वपूर्ण प्राप्ति बन्न पुगेको छ । लेख पुस्तकालयीय अध्ययनमा आधारित छ ।</p> शिवशरण Shivasharan ज्ञवाली Gyawali Copyright (c) 2023 2023-03-15 2023-03-15 2 1 128 145 10.3126/tmj.v2i1.53231