COVID-19 Pandemic and the Impact of Quarantine on Mental Health of Adult Population

Authors

  • Gita Devi Ghimire Pokhara Nursing Campus, IOM, Tribhuvan University, Pokhara, Nepal
  • Kamala Gharti Pokhara Nursing Campus, IOM, Tribhuvan University, Pokhara, Nepal
  • Anju Poudel Pokhara Nursing Campus, IOM, Tribhuvan University, Pokhara, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/paj.v5i1.45041

Keywords:

COVID-19 pandemic, mental health, quarantine, adult population

Abstract

A new infectious disease known as coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is posing a serious public health threat worldwide. Isolation and quarantine are two important public measures to prevent transmission of coronavirus from one person to another. A new environment, a departure from loved ones, and insecurity over disease status in quarantine can aggravate mental health problems. The study was descriptive cross-sectional that covered 305 adult populations of Rupa Rural Municipality, Kaski to determine the impact of quarantine during the COVID-19 pandemic in relation to their mental health. The researcher used the self-reporting DASS-21 to collect the data through a web-based google form questionnaire from 1 September 2020 to 1 October 2020. The study demonstrated that 60.7 percent of respondents were below 35 years of with mean age of 33.92 years with a standard deviation of 11.702 and exercise was done by 53.1 percent of respondents. The study also revealed that 95.1 percent of respondents were up to date regarding the COVID 19 trend in Nepal mostly through a social network (37.9%). Among the quarantined group, 24.9 percent, 20 percent and 1.2 percent had depression, anxiety and stress respectively whereas among non-quarantined respondents, 5.7 percent had depression, 12.9 percent had anxiety and 1.4 percent had stress. Binary logistic regression resulted in the odds for respondents with depression who did not do physical exercise are 0.27 (95% CI for OR: 0.115-0.645) and the odds for female respondents are 0.219 (95% CI for OR: 0.08-0.595) with anxiety among the quarantined group. The study concluded that the negative impact on quarantined respondents' mental health was higher than that of the non-quarantined respondents. Hence, a psychological counseling using virtual techniques should be offered especially for those under quarantine, which would comfort them and follow-up care as well as mental health services that can be provided as necessary.

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Published

2022-05-12

How to Cite

Ghimire, G. D., Gharti, K., & Poudel, A. (2022). COVID-19 Pandemic and the Impact of Quarantine on Mental Health of Adult Population. Prithvi Academic Journal, 5(1), 59–70. https://doi.org/10.3126/paj.v5i1.45041

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles