Safety and Immunogenicity of ND Vaccines Used in Nepal

Authors

  • S Marahatta Paklihawa Campus, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS), Tribhuvan University, Siddharthangar 32900, Nepal
  • N Upadhyaya Veterinary Standards and Drug Regulatory Laboratory (VSDRL), Budhanilkantha Kathmandu 44600, Nepal
  • S Shah Paklihawa Campus, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS), Tribhuvan University, Siddharthangar 32900, Nepal
  • S Sedhai Veterinary Standards and Drug Regulatory Laboratory (VSDRL), Budhanilkantha Kathmandu 44600, Nepal
  • P Sharma Nepal Livestock Sector Innovation Project (NLSIP), Hariharbhawan Lalitpur 44700, Nepal
  • S Dhakal Department of Diagnostic Medicine/Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, 66506, USA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/nvj.v38i1.55539

Keywords:

I-2 vaccine, Newcastle disease virus, Poultry, Vaccine safety

Abstract

Viral infections, including Newcastle disease (ND), constitute a major health problem in the rapidly growing poultry industry of Nepal. Despite regular vaccination in the commercial farms, ND virus (NDV) outbreaks are frequently reported raising concern over the safety and immunogenicity of live-attenuated vaccines being used. This study was performed to compare the safety and immunogenicity of four commercially available ND vaccines in Nepal after administration at recommended (1X) and higher (10X) dose. There was no safety concern associated with the use of lentogenic live-attenuated ND vaccines even at higher dose. A varying degree of antibody response was observed at recommended and higher doses with the thermostable I-2 vaccine outperforming other groups. A higher dose did not improve antibody response except for the F1 vaccine. To prevent widespread outbreaks in future, regular molecular surveillance to identify the circulating strains of NDV together with the periodic evaluation of immunogenicity and protective efficacy of commercial vaccines is necessary in Nepal.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
110
PDF
88

Downloads

Published

2023-06-17

How to Cite

Marahatta, S., Upadhyaya, N., Shah, S., Sedhai, S., Sharma, P., & Dhakal, S. (2023). Safety and Immunogenicity of ND Vaccines Used in Nepal. Nepalese Veterinary Journal, 38(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.3126/nvj.v38i1.55539

Issue

Section

Research Articles