Diet Pattern and Dyslipidemia Among Type II Diabetes Mellitus Patients Diagnosed More Tthan One Year Visiting Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital
Keywords:Dietary pattern; Dyslipidemia; HbA1; Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Introduction: Dyslipidemia is a risk factor for coronary artery disease, a leading cause of mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. This study aims to study the dietary pattern and dyslipidemia of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients visiting Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital.
Materials and Methods: Quantitative study was done to find out the dietary pattern and dyslipidemia of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients visiting Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus diagnosed for more than one year were included in the study.
Results: The percentage of dyslipidemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus was found to be 88.5%. Dyslipidemia was found to be significantly associated (p<0.05) with alcohol consumption, regular dietary management, sedentary behavior, waist-hip ratio, body mass index, glycated hemoglobin, and hypertension. Dyslipidemia was also found to be significantly associated (p<0.05) with the dietary habit (vegetarian and non-vegetarian), consumption of cereals and its product, consumption of fruits, consumption of fast foods and street foods, consumption of red meat, and consumption of oilseeds.
Conclusions: This study indicates the importance of dietary awareness and lifestyle modification for the management of dyslipidemia among type 2 diabetes mellitus.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Aarem Karkee, Samiksha Niroula, Rama Subba
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