Vascular Access Use Among Hemodialysis Patients and Competency of Nurses at National Kidney Centre, Nepal


  • Nabin Bahadur Basnet National Kidney Centre, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Jeena Shrestha National Kidney Centre
  • Sangita Raj Ghatani National Kidney Centre
  • Subhadra Regmi National Kidney Centre
  • Shrijana Bhandari National Kidney Centre
  • Rishi Kumar Kafle National Kidney Centre



Arteriovenous fi stula; Central venous catheter; Nurse; Renal dialysis


Introduction: Vascular access are a prerequisite for hemodialysis and good care by nurses is key to their longevity. A pattern of vascular access use has not been assessed previously nor the competency of nurses to identify the gaps in knowledge and skills. This study aims to describe vascular access use and nursing competency at National Kidney Centre.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was done to obtain demographic information and history of vascular access of patients. Vascular access was examined. Demographic and professional information of nurses were collected. A quiz based on KDOQI Clinical Practice Guidelines and a visual analogue scale to indicate confidence in managing vascular access were administered to the nurses.

Results: Four-hundred seventy-two patients and 70 nurses were recruited. The proportion of patients with an arteriovenous fistula, arteriovenous graft, tunneled catheter, and non-tunneled catheter at the time of initiation of hemodialysis were 24.36%, 0.64%, 1.27%, and 73.73%, respectively, and after conversion was 67.23%, 5.08%, 1.98%, and 19.77%, respectively. The cost at initiation was lower for catheters and the arteriovenous access in long run. Nurses had received vascular access training during their hemodialysis course (95.71%), but a few received further training (38.57%). They did well in sections related to preparation for permanent access and treatment of complications.

Conclusions: Most of the patients initiated hemodialysis via a non-tunneled catheter. The prevalence of arteriovenous fistula was high. Continued training of nurses was lacking. Nurses were confident in managing arteriovenous fistula and non-tunneled catheters.


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How to Cite

Basnet, N. B., Shrestha, J., Ghatani, S. R., Regmi, S., Bhandari, S., & Kafle, R. K. (2021). Vascular Access Use Among Hemodialysis Patients and Competency of Nurses at National Kidney Centre, Nepal. Nepalese Medical Journal, 4(1), 403–409.



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