Determinants of immediate adverse pregnancy outcomes: A hospital based study


  • Jaya Koirala KLE Academy of Higher Education & Research ( KAHER), Belagavi, Karnataka
  • Sudha A Raddi OBG Nursing, KLE Institute of Nursing Sciences, KLE Academy of Higher Education & Research, Belagavi, Karnataka
  • Anita Dadi Dalal Department of Gynaecology, J. N. Medical College, KLE, Dr.Prabhakar Kore Charitable Hospital, Belagavi, Karnataka



Antenatal visit, postpartum, hemorrhage, low birth weight, preterm delivery, blood transfusion, neonatal jaundice


Adverse pregnancy outcomes are a major public health problem which can lead to serious short and long- term health effect to the mother and the newborn. Hence, the objective of this study is to find out the determinants of immediate adverse pregnancy outcomes in tertiary care hospital in South India. The study comprised of antenatal mothers admitted for delivery in selected tertiary care hospital in Belgaum, Karnataka, India from 10th November, 2021 to 20th January 2022. All registered deliveries in the study period have been included, comprises of 101. Bivariate logistic regression was used to determine the factors associated with outcome variables. A significance level of 5% was used to decide the significance of statistical tests. The mean age in years (± SD) of the mother was 24.6 (± 3.9). The average cost invested for a family health check-up in a year was Rupees 18,099. The average birth weight of the newborn was 2.7 kg, while the minimum weight of the newborn was 1.4 kg, and the maximum weight was 3.8 kg. The average week of gestation for the first-time with respect to antenatal care visit of pregnant women was 9.6 weeks. The average weight of the women was 47.6 kg during first antenatal care visit and 61.5 kg during last antenatal care visit. Adverse outcomes reported were post-partum hemorrhage was 7.9%, low birth weight 26.7%, preterm delivery 28.7%, anemia 53.5%, neonatal physiological and jaundice 15.8%. However, use of mode of transportation during antenatal care visit was found to be significant factor for preterm delivery. Every fourth baby was low birth weight, and every fourth women have preterm delivery and every second woman was anemic. Socioeconomic, demographic and chronic illness was associated with immediate adverse pregnancy outcomes.


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How to Cite

Koirala, J., Raddi, S. A., & Dalal, A. D. (2022). Determinants of immediate adverse pregnancy outcomes: A hospital based study. Nepal Medical College Journal, 24(3), 234–244.



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