Nepalese Journal of Development and Rural Studies <p>A publication of the Central Department of Rural Development, University Campus, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal.</p> Central Department of Rural Development TUCL en-US Nepalese Journal of Development and Rural Studies 2392-4403 <p>© Copyright by Central Department of Rural Development</p> Writing an Effective Abstract for a Scientific Paper <p>The publication of scientific paper is an integral part of the research communication process and the career in academia. In the course of scholarly writing, writing an abstract for a scientific paper is both a crucial and challenging endeavor; it should be accurately represented succinct summary of an entire document. The paper discusses the basic format with essential key components of a good abstract for a scientific paper writing and provides a basic guidelines for novice researchers and academia. The paper is based on review of scientific paper, extracted systematically from ‘Google Scholar’ search engine by using basic search strategy. In fact, the primary purpose of an abstract writing is to facilitate the communication of key findings with the readers so they can easily and quickly ascertain the gist of an entire work. More importantly, when writing an abstract, the fundamental five key components such as research context and objectives, brief outline of materials and methods, key findings, conclusion and significance/implications should be taken into account to accurately represent the entire paper.</p> Bishnu Bahadur Khatri Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 19 01 1 7 10.3126/njdrs.v19i01.51910 Food Crisis in Nepal <p>The food crisis is a global and local issue since the expansion of COVID-19 and after that period. Most developing countries including Nepal has been facing food deficit before and after the pandemic because of the irregular supply-demand chain of food and increasing food dependency on foreign countries.&nbsp; According to WFP (2022), 345 million people in 85 countries have been facing food crises in the world in 2022 and most of them are from Africa, Asia, and Latin America. According to Pandey &amp;Fusaro (2020), approximately 56% of women overall and 76% of Dalit women reported having food insecurity. Similarly, most of the districts of Karnali and some of the districts of Madhesh Pradesh and SudurPachhim Pradesh has been facing food deficit due to the low productivity and the bad policies of the government.</p> Gokarna Prasad Gyanwali Prajwal Man Pradhan Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 19 01 8 13 10.3126/njdrs.v19i01.51912 Going beyond the Material-Welling: A Buddhist Perspective of Development <p>This paper aims to synthesize development issues from a Buddhist perspective by taking an analytical universe of ‘well-being’. Methodologically, the paper is a review-based article that follows a systematic review process following different themes of Buddhism, development, and well-being. The major findings of the study include that the development has been contested with the rise of various issues, and its materialistic interpretation has been in crisis both theoretically as well empirically. At this outset, the Buddhist perspective seems to be a more humanistic approach to development which treats underdevelopment as the cause of development. This is the principle of dependent origination, whereby the byproducts of underdevelopment can be analyzed. The Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Paths are also replicative in the development studies for the socio-economic transformation of society. The material outlet of development doesn’t contribute to the eradication of suffering and miseries from their roots, both in mental and social structure. The paper, therefore, argues that the mainstream approach of development could not sustain development because of the ill-treatment of dukkha and the non-recognition of the sukha. Happiness, pleasure, and non-self are the contributory elements that have been proposed by Buddha’s teachings of Dhamma.</p> Mahendra Sapkota Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 19 01 14 26 10.3126/njdrs.v19i01.51914 Causes and Consequences of Emigration in Chagunarayan Municipality of Bhaktapur District <p>Large proportion of the Nepalese citizens are emigrating from own country in search of better employment opportunities and prosperity. The study aims to assess causes and consequences of emigration particularly in Changunarayan Municipality of Bhaktapur district. The study employed case study research design followed by quantitative and qualitative approaches of data collection. The required data are collected from randomly selected 50 HHs residing in four settlements (i.e. Chagunarayan, Jhaukhel, Duwakot and Chhaling) of the municipality ward number four. This study found that unemployment, difficulties in transportation, attraction towards foreign countries, perverting other people from neighbor, disrespect to owns' occupation, wanting to earn more are the major causes of emigration. The emigrants are enjoying in the destinations with various facilities and they are able to improve the living standard of their family members and prosperity. The emigrants' household members get an opportunity to spend a considerable portion of their family income in child education, health treatment and also for buying land property. The availability of communication facilities, adjustments in native people's way of life and achieving better social status have been noted as other positive outcomes of the emigration. However, emigration of youth people also has negatively affected social and cultural structures in the study area. The festivals are compelled to celebrating by less active group member in the community with less enjoyment and excitement. Even the returned migrate people are not giving interest in the social and cultural and religious festivals. This might be reason that most people have feeling that one should develop the own area rather than migrating to other areas. Therefore, local government need to become responsive and responsible in addressing the negative consequences of emigration as far as possible.</p> Nirajan Rijal Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 19 01 27 32 10.3126/njdrs.v19i01.51951 Appraising Goat Support for Educational Continuation in Kallery Secondary School, Dhading: Rural/Development Perspective <p>This paper has attempted to explore how a small support can make a big difference to cope-with poverty challenges in rural life. It is about an innovative way of support entitled ‘goat support for educational continuation’ for few children of poor families of Galchhi rural municipality, Dhading, provided before a decade (in 2012 and 2013). It applied narrative inquiry research strategy and used a blended mode of data collecting techniques (observation, KII and case study) for appraising lost and benefits of the p[roject. It has exemplified that if we use resources properly and innovatively and act cooperatively, we can make difference. It has exemplified that school and community people can solve some of educational problems while they act cooperatively. It was really a cooperative work and initiatives among school family, parents and helping hands to address problems of poor families. It is because the notion of development has rapidly been changing so that our worldviews and acts on rural/development must be changed according. A simple but become a model approach of sustainable rural development practice.</p> Rajan Binayak Pasa Lila Bahadur Bishwokarma Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 19 01 33 47 10.3126/njdrs.v19i01.51954 Nepal-India Cross Country Tourists’ Mobility: Socio-Economic Impact <p>This study analyzes the economic impact of the mutual tourism relationship between Nepal and India on the economies of both the countries. The main objective of this study is to study the exchange earning due to mutual tourism of both the countries and its effect on the economic development. Its method of study is to fit simple regression models for to analyze the trend of tourism of both the countries by using the use secondary data for this applying descriptive and analytical research design. In the discussion of this study, it is said that mutual tourism in Nepal and India as well as in the world community has helped to raise the country's foreign exchange earnings. Also, this study concludes that there is a positive relationship between tourist arrival and exchange earning. From this, tourism has made a great contribution to the economic development of both the countries. This is further confirmed by economic model R<sup>2</sup> and P-value. The study demands more attention should paid for the development of tourism economy in both countries and tourism and travel facilities should improve to excess of tourism economy in Nepal and India.</p> Suman Kharel Khom Raj Kharel Yadav Mani Upadhyaya Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 19 01 48 58 10.3126/njdrs.v19i01.51956 Rural Infrastructure in Nepal: A Critical Scrutiny <p>The objective of this paper is to analyse the role of rural infrastructure in the development of Nepal. Secondary data collected from various sources have been used retrieving them from different publications of government departments, engineering institutes and libraries besides other demonstrated materials from different researches of rural infrastructures programmes. The finding of this paper is that developmental programmes that focus on the rural location play a vital role in the development of Nepal. Some works related to rural infrastructures had been implemented and some works are being processed for implementation in the future.</p> Umesh Acharya Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 19 01 59 64 10.3126/njdrs.v19i01.51958